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This Holocaust Author's Auschwitz Blog

This blog describes my thoughts and experiences in visiting Auschwitz, Belzec, Majdanek and Sobibor and Anne Frank's House from 2014 to 2018

I blogged my preparations for my visit, I posted daily during my visit to Poland...there are also my ongoing thoughts posted here; in the aftermath of my visit...
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January 20th.

Uncategorised Posted on Mon, January 20, 2020 12:05:04

On January 20th. 1939 Hitler sacks Hjalmar Schacht from Reichsbank Presidency.

On January 20th. 1941 Cardinal Theodor Innitzer, Archbishop of Vienna, informed Pope Pius XII of the looming threat to 60,000 Vienna Jews facing deportation.

On January 20th. 1942 The Wannsee Conference is convened and Hitler now ensures all arms of the Reich, all Government Agency’s and the wider German public are signed up to The Final Solution. This saw Hitler’s despicable plan, which Heydrich will outline as a resolve to Annihilate 11,293,300 Jews!

The Wannsee Conference it has to be remembered is convened and Hitler now ensures that all arms of the Reich, all Government Agency’s and the wider German public are signed up to The Final Solution. His spokesman for the occasion, SS Obergruppenfuhrer Reinhard Heydrich will outline those Plans which will seek to Annihilate 11,293,300 Jews of Europe!

Below, and what is known as The Wannsee Protocol, must never be assessed as other than the bringing together of all arms of the Reich in order to implement what is already in operation, The Final Solution of The Jewish Question. Those like Lange and Schoengarth are brought to the Conference to detail the efforts undertaken in expelling Jews and creating Free of Jew zones. This is NOT the commencement of The Holocaust, more than 1,000,000 Jews had already been Slaughtered. ======================================================================================= The Wannsee Protocol January 20th. 1942

* * * * * *

Stamp: Top Secret 30 copies 16th copy

Minutes of discussion. I. he following persons took part in the discussion about the final solution of the Jewish question which took place in Berlin, am Grossen Wannsee No. 56/58 on 20 January 1942.

#1 Gauleiter Dr. Meyer Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern territories and

#2 Reichsamtleiter Dr. Leibbrandt #3 Secretary of State Dr. Stuckart Reich Ministry for the Interior

#4 Secretary of State Neumann Plenipotentiary for the Four Year Plan

#5 Secretary of State Dr. Freisler Reich Ministry of Justice

#6 Secretary of State Dr. Buhler Office of the Government General

#7 Under Secretary of State Dr. Luther Foreign Office

#8 SS Oberfuhrer Klopfer Party Chancellery #9 Ministerialdirektor Kritzinger Reich Chancellery

#10 SS Gruppenfuhrer Hofmann Race and Settlement Main Office

#11 SS Gruppenfuhrer Muller Reich Main Security Office

#12 SS Obersturmbannfuhrer Eichmann

#13 SS Oberfuhrer Dr. Schoengarth Security Police and SD Commander of the Security Police and the SD in the Government General

#14 SS Sturmbannfuhrer Dr. Lange Security Police and SD Commander of the Security Police and the SD for the General District Latvia, as deputy of the Commander of the Security Police and the SD for the Reich Commissariat ‘Eastland’.

II. At the beginning of the discussion Chief of the Security Police and of the SD, SS Obergruppenfuhrer Heydrich, reported that the Reich Marshal had appointed him delegate for the preparations for the final solution of the Jewish question in Europe and pointed out that this discussion had been called for the purpose of clarifying fundamental questions. The wish of the Reich Marshal to have a draft sent to him concerning organizational, factual and material interests in relation to the final solution of the Jewish question in Europe makes necessary an initial common action of all central offices immediately concerned with these questions in order to bring their general activities into line. The Reichsführer-SS and the Chief of the German Police (Chief of the Security Police and the SD) was entrusted with the official central handling of the final solution of the Jewish question without regard to geographic borders. The Chief of the Security Police and the SD then gave a short report of the struggle which has been carried on thus far against this enemy, the essential points being the following:

a) the expulsion of the Jews from every sphere of life of the German people,

b) the expulsion of the Jews from the living space of the German people. In carrying out these efforts, an increased and planned acceleration of the emigration of the Jews from Reich territory was started, as the only possible present solution. By order of the Reich Marshal, a Reich Central Office for Jewish Emigration was set up in January 1939 and the Chief of the Security Police and SD was entrusted with the management. Its most important tasks were

a) to make all necessary arrangements for the preparation for an increased emigration of the Jews,

b) to direct the flow of emigration,

c) to speed the procedure of emigration in each individual case. The aim of all this was to cleanse German living space of Jews in a legal manner. All the offices realized the drawbacks of such enforced accelerated emigration. For the time being they had, however, tolerated it on account of the lack of other possible solutions of the problem. The work concerned with emigration was, later on, not only a German problem, but also a problem with which the authorities of the countries to which the flow of emigrants was being directed would have to deal. Financial difficulties, such as the demand by various foreign governments for increasing sums of money to be presented at the time of the landing, the lack of shipping space, increasing restriction of entry permits, or the cancelling of such, increased extraordinarily the difficulties of emigration.

In spite of these difficulties, 537,000 Jews were sent out of the country between the takeover of power and the deadline of 31 October 1941. Of these approximately 360,000 were in Germany proper on 30 January 1933 approximately 147,000 were in Austria (Ostmark) on 15 March 1939 approximately 30,000 were in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia on 15 March 1939. The Jews themselves, or their Jewish political organizations, financed the emigration. In order to avoid impoverished Jews’ remaining behind, the principle was followed that wealthy Jews have to finance the emigration of poor Jews; this was arranged by imposing a suitable tax, i.e., an emigration tax, which was used for financial arrangements in connection with the emigration of poor Jews and was imposed according to income. Apart from the necessary Reichsmark exchange, foreign currency had to presented at the time of landing. In order to save foreign exchange held by Germany, the foreign Jewish financial organizations were – with the help of Jewish organizations in Germany – made responsible for arranging an adequate amount of foreign currency.

Up to 30 October 1941, these foreign Jews donated a total of around 9,500,000 dollars. In the meantime the Reichsführer-SS and Chief of the German Police had prohibited emigration of Jews due to the dangers of an emigration in wartime and due to the possibilities of the East. III. Another possible solution of the problem has now taken the place of emigration, i.e. the evacuation of the Jews to the East, provided that the Führer gives the appropriate approval in advance. These actions are, however, only to be considered provisional, but practical experience is already being collected which is of the greatest importance in relation to the future final solution of the Jewish question. Approximately 11 million Jews will be involved in the final solution of the European Jewish question, distributed as follows among the individual countries:

Country Number

A. Germany proper 131,800

Austria 43,700

Eastern territories 420,000

General Government 2,284,000

Bialystok 400,000

Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia 74,200 Estonia Free of Jews

Latvia 3,500

Lithuania 34,000

Belgium 43,000

Denmark 5,600

France occupied territory 165,000 unoccupied territory 700,000

Greece 69,600

Netherlands 160,800

Norway 1,300

B. Bulgaria 48,000

England 330,000

Finland 2,300

Ireland 4,000

Italy including Sardinia 58,000

Albania 200

Croatia 40,000

Portugal 3,000

Rumania including Bessarabia 342,000 Sweden 8,000

Switzerland 18,000

Serbia 10,000

Slovakia 88,000

Spain 6,000

Turkey European portion 55,500

Hungary 742,800

USSR 5,000,000 Ukraine and White Russia 2,994,684

Excluding Bialystok 446,484

Total 11,293,300

The number of Jews given here for foreign countries includes, however, only those Jews who still adhere to the Jewish faith, since some countries still do not have a definition of the term “Jew” according to racial principles. The handling of the problem in the individual countries will meet with difficulties due to the attitude and outlook of the people there, especially in Hungary and Rumania. Thus, for example, even today the Jew can buy documents in Rumania that will officially prove his foreign citizenship. The influence of the Jews in all walks of life in the USSR is well known. Approximately 5,000,000 Jews live in the European part of the USSR, in the Asian part scarcely 250,000. The breakdown of Jews residing in the European part of the USSR according to trades was approximately as follows:

Agriculture 9.1 %

Urban workers 14.8 %

In trade 20.0 %

Employed by the state 23.4 %

In private occupations such as medical profession, press, theater, etc. 32. 7%

Under proper guidance, in the course of the final solution the Jews are to be allocated for appropriate labor in the East. Able-bodied Jews, separated according to sex, will be taken in large work columns to these areas for work on roads, in the course of which action doubtless a large portion will be eliminated by natural causes. The possible final remnant will, since it will undoubtedly consist of the most resistant portion, have to be treated accordingly, because it is the product of natural selection and would, if released, act as a the seed of a new Jewish revival (see the experience of history.)

In the course of the practical execution of the final solution, Europe will be combed through from west to east. Germany proper, including the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, will have to be handled first due to the housing problem and additional social and political necessities. The evacuated Jews will first be sent, group by group, to so-called transit ghettos, from which they will be transported to the East.

SS Obergruppenfuhrer Heydrich went on to say that an important prerequisite for the evacuation as such is the exact definition of the persons involved. It is not intended to evacuate Jews over 65 years old, but to send them to an old-age ghetto – Theresienstadt is being considered for this purpose. In addition to these age groups – of the approximately 280,000 Jews in Germany proper and Austria on 31 October 1941, approximately 30% are over 65 years old – severely wounded veterans and Jews with war decorations (Iron Cross I) will be accepted in the old-age ghettos. With this expedient solution, in one fell swoop many interventions will be prevented. The beginning of the individual larger evacuation actions will largely depend on military developments. Regarding the handling of the final solution in those European countries occupied and influenced by us, it was proposed that the appropriate expert of the Foreign Office discuss the matter with the responsible official of the Security Police and SD. In Slovakia and Croatia the matter is no longer so difficult, since the most substantial problems in this respect have already been brought near a solution. In Rumania the government has in the meantime also appointed a commissioner for Jewish affairs.

In order to settle the question in Hungary, it will soon be necessary to force an adviser for Jewish questions onto the Hungarian government. With regard to taking up preparations for dealing with the problem in Italy, SS Obergruppenfuhrer Heydrich considers it opportune to contact the chief of police with a view to these problems. In occupied and unoccupied France, the registration of Jews for evacuation will in all probability proceed without great difficulty. Under Secretary of State Luther calls attention in this matter to the fact that in some countries, such as the Scandinavian states, difficulties will arise if this problem is dealt with thoroughly and that it will therefore be advisable to defer actions in these countries. Besides, in view of the small numbers of Jews affected, this deferral will not cause any substantial limitation. The Foreign Office sees no great difficulties for southeast and western Europe. SS Gruppenfuhrer Hofmann plans to send an expert to Hungary from the Race and Settlement Main Office for general orientation at the time when the Chief of the Security Police and SD takes up the matter there. It was decided to assign this expert from the Race and Settlement Main Office, who will not work actively, as an assistant to the police attaché.

IV.

In the course of the final solution plans, the Nuremberg Laws should provide a certain foundation, in which a prerequisite for the absolute solution of the problem is also the solution to the problem of mixed marriages and persons of mixed blood. The Chief of the Security Police and the SD discusses the following points, at first theoretically, in regard to a letter from the chief of the Reich chancellery:

1) Treatment of Persons of Mixed Blood of the First Degree Persons of mixed blood of the first degree will, as regards the final solution of the Jewish question, be treated as Jews. From this treatment the following exceptions will be made:

a) Persons of mixed blood of the first degree married to persons of German blood if their marriage has resulted in children (persons of mixed blood of the second degree). These persons of mixed blood of the second degree are to be treated essentially as Germans.

b) Persons of mixed blood of the first degree, for whom the highest offices of the Party and State have already issued exemption permits in any sphere of life. Each individual case must be examined, and it is not ruled out that the decision may be made to the detriment of the person of mixed blood. The prerequisite for any exemption must always be the personal merit of the person of mixed blood. (Not the merit of the parent or spouse of German blood.)

Persons of mixed blood of the first degree who are exempted from evacuation will be sterilized in order to prevent any offspring and to eliminate the problem of persons of mixed blood once and for all. Such sterilization will be voluntary. But it is required to remain in the Reich. The sterilized “person of mixed blood” is thereafter free of all restrictions to which he was previously subjected.

2) Treatment of Persons of Mixed Blood of the Second Degree Persons of mixed blood of the second degree will be treated fundamentally as persons of German blood, with the exception of the following cases, in which the persons of mixed blood of the second degree will be considered as Jews:

a) The person of mixed blood of the second degree was born of a marriage in which both parents are persons of mixed blood.

b) The person of mixed blood of the second degree has a racially especially undesirable appearance that marks him outwardly as a Jew.

c) The person of mixed blood of the second degree has a particularly bad police and political record that shows that he feels and behaves like a Jew. Also in these cases exemptions should not be made if the person of mixed blood of the second degree has married a person of German blood.

3) Marriages between Full Jews and Persons of German Blood. Here it must be decided from case to case whether the Jewish partner will be evacuated or whether, with regard to the effects of such a step on the German relatives, [this mixed marriage] should be sent to an old-age ghetto.

4) Marriages between Persons of Mixed Blood of the First Degree and Persons of German Blood.

a) Without Children. If no children have resulted from the marriage, the person of mixed blood of the first degree will be evacuated or sent to an old-age ghetto (same treatment as in the case of marriages between full Jews and persons of German blood, point 3.)

b) With Children. If children have resulted from the marriage (persons of mixed blood of the second degree), they will, if they are to be treated as Jews, be evacuated or sent to a ghetto along with the parent of mixed blood of the first degree. If these children are to be treated as Germans (regular cases), they are exempted from evacuation as is therefore the parent of mixed blood of the first degree.

5) Marriages between Persons of Mixed Blood of the First Degree and Persons of Mixed Blood of the First Degree or Jews. In these marriages (including the children) all members of the family will be treated as Jews and therefore be evacuated or sent to an old-age ghetto.

6) Marriages between Persons of Mixed Blood of the First Degree and Persons of Mixed Blood of the Second Degree. In these marriages both partners will be evacuated or sent to an old-age ghetto without consideration of whether the marriage has produced children, since possible children will as a rule have stronger Jewish blood than the Jewish person of mixed blood of the second degree.

SS Gruppenfuhrer Hofmann advocates the opinion that sterilization will have to be widely used, since the person of mixed blood who is given the choice whether he will be evacuated or sterilized would rather undergo sterilization. State Secretary Dr. Stuckart maintains that carrying out in practice of the just mentioned possibilities for solving the problem of mixed marriages and persons of mixed blood will create endless administrative work. In the second place, as the biological facts cannot be disregarded in any case, State Secretary Dr. Stuckart proposed proceeding to forced sterilization. Furthermore, to simplify the problem of mixed marriages possibilities must be considered with the goal of the legislator saying something like:

‘These marriages have been dissolved.’ With regard to the issue of the effect of the evacuation of Jews on the economy, State Secretary Neumann stated that Jews who are working in industries vital to the war effort, provided that no replacements are available, cannot be evacuated. SS Obergruppenfuhrer Heydrich indicated that these Jews would not be evacuated according to the rules he had approved for carrying out the evacuations then underway. State Secretary Dr. Buhler stated that the General Government would welcome it if the final solution of this problem could be begun in the General Government, since on the one hand transportation does not play such a large role here nor would problems of labor supply hamper this action. Jews must be removed from the territory of the General Government as quickly as possible, since it is especially here that the Jew as an epidemic carrier represents an extreme danger and on the other hand he is causing permanent chaos in the economic structure of the country through continued black market dealings. Moreover, of the approximately 2,500,000 Jews concerned, the majority is unfit for work. State Secretary Dr. Buhler stated further that the solution to the Jewish question in the General Government is the responsibility of the Chief of the Security Police and the SD and that his efforts would be supported by the officials of the General Government. He had only one request, to solve the Jewish question in this area as quickly as possible. In conclusion the different types of possible solutions were discussed, during which discussion both Gauleiter Dr. Meyer and State Secretary Dr. Buhler took the position that certain preparatory activities for the final solution should be carried out immediately in the territories in question, in which process alarming the populace must be avoided. The meeting was closed with the request of the Chief of the Security Police and the SD to the participants that they afford him appropriate support during the carrying out of the tasks involved in the solution. ======================================================================================= On January 20th. 1943 Jews from Theresienstadt are expelled to Auschwitz.

On January 20th. 1944 over 1,000 Parisian Jews are transported from Drancy to Auschwitz.

On January 20th. 1945 with 4,200 Jews shot in Birkenau, the SS Dynamite the remaining Krematoria in Birkenau and the Hungarian Provisional Government signs an Armistice.



Christmas in The Holocaust

Uncategorised Posted on Wed, December 25, 2019 11:32:53

Christmas in The Holocaust

By the Christmas of 1932 Sunday December 25th. Hitler had gained power and began the rhetorical reform of his words for hatred for th Jewish People into an empirical assault, an illogical hatred for and toward, imitially, the Jews of Germany. Truth be known, though the Jews were his exclusive target, it was well known that anyone who even looked at Hitler sideways faced his unbounded despise. By the Christmas of 1933 Monday December 25th. Monday, the Jews of Germany had been further wealened by the very assault which manifested itself in too many ways. They were further assaulted, targeted with intent and continuously victimised. Hitler and the Nazi’s had brought forward a set of edicts which would singularly affect the Jews of Germany, in a hostile and virulent antisemitism. On December 1st. the Jewish Social Democratic politician Ernst Heilmann is arrested and the antisemitic Glaubensbewegung deutscher Christen, the Movement of German Christian Believers becomes the semi-official religious organization of Germany. Also, an antisemitic, anti-Communist organization, Gesamtverband deutscher anti-kommunistischer Vereinigungen, the General Association of German Anti-Communist Societies, is founded. As the German-Jewish physicist Albert Einstein criticizes the new Nazi regime.

So much had been conducted against the Jewish position within Germany that by the Christmas of 1934 Tuesday, German Jews were assaulted, targeted, victimised and abused. By Christmas of 1935 Wednesday, Jews were regularly assaulted, targeted, victimised and assailed and it was speading further afield. With anti-Jewish riots erupting in Polish universities, all Jewish students are restricted to special seats and with December 31st. arriving we see all remaining Jews in Germany’s Civil Service being dismissed.

In the coming years, Poland models its policy regarding its own Jewish Citizens on that of Nazi Germany. As Jews are attacked throughout Poland, 10’s of 1,000’s of Polish Jews emigrate to Holland, France, Belgium, and toward their biblical homeland of Palestine. As University quotas for Jews begin to bite, as they exist at this time in United States universities, America seeks to restrict further Jewish migration from harm. Such American discrimination restricts the Jewish presence also in education, jobs, and housing. Just as it moves to keep Eastern European Jews out of the United States, the first issue of the antisemitic Deutsche Wochenschau für Politik, Wirtschaft, Kultur und Technik, the German Weekly for Politics, Economy, Culture and Technology is published in Germany and the first issue of the pseudoscientific, antisemitic Zeitschrift für Rassenkunde, the Journal for Racial Science is also published. The American Jewish Congress joins with the Jewish Labor Committee to form the Joint Boycott Council, aimed at German purveyors of goods and services as Anti-Jewish riots occur across Romania.

The German government permits the publication of Martin Luther’s On the Jews and Their Lies, in which Luther advocates a program to arrest Jews, expropriate them, force them into the kind of labour the government determines, and, finally, to exile or murder them. By the Christmas of 1936 Friday, Jews assaulted, targeted, victimised, assailed and abused and in a 2 year period up until the end of the year, over 47,000 Polish Jews have fled their former Country. Meanwhile, in Poland, on account of some unsavoury anti-Jewish measures and pogromatic responses to their presence, the escalation toward emigration increases with over 35,000 Polish Jews reaching Palestine.

On December 14th. as the 1,000 year Reich is announced at the Nuremberg Rally, the first issue of The Jewish Question ‘Die Judenfrage’ is published in Germany and is edited by Georg Haller. As Poland investigates the possibility of deporting resident Jews to Madagascar, the first soundings of ‘The Madagascar Plan’ are muted. Of the over 8,800 Jews who managed to flee Poland this year alone, over 2,800 of them finally managed to reach Palestine. Here, by the Christmas of 1937 Saturday, and with December 28th. arriving, the Romanian Government of Goga-Cuza is the first government that introduced anti-Semites as state policy.

During December 1938 Jews are assaulted, targeted, victimised, assailed, abused and even killed. There are transports of some 10,000 Jewish Children, forming the ‘Kindertransport’ which are allowed into Britain. On December 3rd. Jews in Germany lose their Driving Licenses as Jewish industrial enterprises and businesses, expropriated under compulsory purchase orders with Jews being wholly diminished in the German economy. On December 12th. the Neuengamme Concentration Camp opens as a $400,000,000 fine is levied against German Jews for the nazi Kristallnacht destruction.

On December 14th. Reichsmarschall Hermann Goering is given charge of die Endlosung der Judenfrage, ‘The Final Solution of The Jewish Question,’ and any such euphemism now employed will never hide from truth the intention of Hitler’s resolve to murder, with impunity all Jews he can reach.

We clearly cannot rely upon this continuing formation of words to establish the exact date at which Hitler arrived at the overall Jewish kill policy, but it was fomenting and being formulated at these moments in history. It is clear too, that with the coming Invasion of Poland, this war was merely a staging post upon that traversed ground toward the annihilation process for All the Jews of Europe.

“..destruction of Poland is in ..foreground ..aim is ..elimination of living forces ..not ..arrival at a certain line. I shall give a propagandist cause for starting ..war ..never mind if it is plausible or not. ..victor will not be asked later on whether he told ..truth or not.” Adolf Hitler.

On the eve of Christmas, December 24th. Saturday, leading American clergy come together to issue a resolution protesting at ‘Kristallnacht’ and by the Christmas of 1938, Sunday, Jews are assaulted, targeted, victimised, assailed, abused, killed and many murdered. By the end of the year more than 200,000 of the 500,000 Jews who had been listed in the German 1933 Census had emigrated with over 9,000 Jews fleeing to Poland. Over 2,000 of Jews are reaching Palestine bringing about a sea change in European Jewish relations and worsen considerably in Germany and Poland.

Some 400,000 Jews had left Poland for Palestine, at a time when 3,250,000 Jews were recorded in census as Polish Citizenry. This would not afford the Jews of Poland any more sanctuary than was deserving of their Citizen status, and history records this as an intolerable mark of Polish history. On December 1st. 1939 some 1,800 Chelm Jews are expelled toward Luck with 1,400 of these Chelm Jews murdered by Wehrmacht troops. Also, while 200 Hrubieszow Jews are force marched to Sokal, many die enroute. Then, just one week after the Hans Frank’s decree was promulgated, in Opoczno, 4,200 Jews were foced to wear the Mogen Dawid by the Polish police.

On December 2nd. the first use of gas vans to eliminate mental patients sets a worrying precedent. On December 5th. Jewish property in Poland seized. On December 6th. Britain admonishes Bulgarian Government over its transit policy for Jews fleeing to Palestine. On December 11th. all Jews in Poland must seek permission to change address. On December 12th. Jewish males aged 14 to 60 subject forced labour and to do 2 years service in Eastern Germany as Jews are expelled from Kalisz.

On December 15th. it is Decreed that Jewish Forced Labour is to be made ‘free’ to German interests. On December 18th., all Jewish valuables are to be declared in Poland and on December 20th. the Radomsko Ghetto in Poland is now established. There are 18,500 Jews enclosed in the Ghetto and all of this accomplished by the Christmas of 1939 Monday, as Jews are assaulted, targeted, victimised, assailed, abused, killed, murdered. There is now being witnessed the orchestrated mass executions shootings occur.

On December 30th. 1,210 refugee Jews aboard the Uranus are prevented from going on to Palestine and over the past 6 years, more than 1,400 individual anti-Jewish measures are enacted in Germany alone.

“..end ..November 1940 ..8,000 ..were at ..Oswiecim camps. ..political prisoners ..criminals ..Jews. This last group ..persecuted most of all. Scarcely any of them came out alive. ..death notices. ..received. ..December 20,260 ..were sent. ..200 bodies ..being burned in ..crematorium each week.” Polish Fortnightly Review.

On December 12th. The Salvador sinks killing 200 Jewish refugees with 70 of them being Children and on December 17th. Piotrkow Ghetto struck by typhus. On December 29th. the Glowno Ghetto in Poland is established with 3,000 Jews Enclosed. By the end of year 8,200 Jews of Lodz had died of starvation as Lange moves his Sonderkommando to Chelmno. Here, with the completion of the Camp, Chelmno would be at the centre of the storm for Lodz Jews while 27,000 Polish Jews managed to emigrate to Palestine, illegally!

By the Christmas of 1940 Wednesday, Jews are assaulted, targeted, victimised, assailed, abused, killed, murdered, executed, destroyed. Jews are assaulted, targeted, victimised, assailed, abused, killed, murdered, executed, destroyed.

“..Complete list of executions carried out ..Einsatzkommando 3 area up to 1 December 1941. Security police duties in Lithuania taken over by Einsatzkommando 3 on 2 July 1941.” SS Standartenfuhrer Karl Jaeger.

Throughout December 1941 Moscow Radio is keen to alert the World that der Einsatzgruppe are Murdering Jews on a massive scale. In France, a leafleting exercise is saying exactly the same thing.

“..Today I can confirm that our objective ..to solve ..Jewish problem for Lithuania ..has been achieved by EK 3. In Lithuania there are no more Jews ..apart from Jewish workers and their families. ..distance between ..assembly point to ..graves ..on average 4 to 5 Km.” SS Standartenfuhrer Karl Jaeger.

December 1st. 1,200 Stuttgart Jews to Riga. They too will find their way to Rumbuli with the Jaeger Report stating that 85% of all Lithuanian Jews have already been murdered, this means that some 137,366 individual Lithuanian Jews are dead. On December 3rd. 1941 members of the Birkenau Sonderkommano are shot as a reprisal for a planned revolt. Thursday December 4th. 1941

“..10’s of 1,000’s of Jews from abroad were brought here. I saw them walking with their suitcases ..many of them well dressed. Young men and women in good spirits ..relaxed. They observe everything around them. They look at our city with curiosity. They were told that they were brought to work and were ordered to bring their best clothing with them. Afterwards they were murdered at ..Ninth Fort. It was said that these young people had no suspicions of anything bad happening to them and they even danced in ..evenings. On ..following day ..they were taken in groups of 50 and shot. Lithuania earned ..label ‘cemetery of ..European Jews’.” Helena Kutergiene-Buividaite.

On December 4th. 2,500 Gorodenka Jews murdered and on December 5th. the first truck transports of Jews are delivered to Chelmno Death Camp. The Daugavpils Ghetto still had 962 Jews and on December 7th. Chelmno Death Camp’s Extermination operations begin.700 Kolo Jews are 1st. Victims at Chelmno as they are gassed and confined to eternity here at Chelmno. There is the second aktionen of the remaining Riga Ghetto Jews and they are murdered in Rumbuli Forest. On December 8th. 4,000 Novogrudok Jews murdered and 2,300 Jews are murdered at Chelmno which introduces ‘gassing vans’ to murder the Jews expelled here.

The remaining Jews of Belgrade are ordered to report for ‘resettlement’ as the final stages of Riga Jewish murders in Rumbuli is reached. On December 9th. 25,000 Latvian Jews murdered in the Rumbuli Forest in a 3 day operation with more than 38,000 Jews will be murdered here. On December 10th. 1,757 Jews of Turek Murdered at Chelmno and on December 11th. the Lutsk Ghetto is established with 18,000 Jews Enclosed.

On December 12th. Hitler now discusses the complete annihilation of European Jewry with some fifty of his Reich leadership. In his private rooms, Hitler spoke in lieu of The Wannsee Conference of what he expected would inmplicate all levels of Reich Admisistration in the completion of The Holocaust:

Friday December 12th. 1941 “..In respect of ..Jewish question ..make a clean sweep. ..world war is here ..annihilation of ..Jews must be ..necessary result. This question is to be regarded without sentimentalism. We are not here to have sympathy with ..Jews ..but ..with our German people. If ..German people have sacrificed 160,000 dead in ..eastern campaign ..authors of this bloody conflict will have to pay for it with their lives.” Adolf Hitler.

The Baranovichi Ghetto in Poland is established with 10,000 Jews Enclosed.

“..I once spoke about ..Commander-in-Chief in ..case of Nikolaiev ..that ..order given at that time ..for ..liquidations to take place 200 kilometers away from ..headquarters of ..11th. Army. On ..second occasion ..I did not speak about ..Commander-in-Chief of ..Army ..but about ..High Command of ..Army at Simferopol ..because I cannot say ..with any certainty ..who had requested ..competent Einsatzkommando at Simferopol to speed up ..liquidation. ..when ..march was discussed there were oral consultations with ..Manstein ..Chief of Staff and myself.” SS Gruppenfuhrer Professor Dr. Otto Ohlendorf.

On December 13th. 14,000 Simferopol Jews murdered in 3 day period and the remaining 6 Jews of Warendorf are deported to Riga and murdered. On December 15th. Jews to receive no inducement for extra hours work demanded as the Polish Blue Police conduct the second mass execution of prisoner’s in Gesia Prison. On December 16th. some 3,000 of Liepaja’s (Libau) Jews were murdered in a 2 day operation on the beaches of Skeden.

This ‘Dezember-Aktionen’ (December Action) watched by scores of Wehrmacht personnel, Civilians and a motley crew of mawkish observers as the entire action was filmed and photographed. There are 3,500,000 Jews now governed by Hans Frank, according to his own diary entry and Frank fully informs his associates of Hitler’s intentions for the Jewish People. The Federation of the Union of the Jewish Communities in Romania is disolved as the Jewish Central Committee, Romania is established.

Wednesday December 17th. 1941 “..Jews..on ..point of being sent from Vienna to die in a concentration camp in Poland.” Father Pietro Venturi.

On December 17th. Father Pietro Venturi notified the Papal Secretary of State, Cardinal Luigi Maglione concerning the fate of Austrian Jewry. On December 21st., and over the coming 4 weeks, the Massacre of the Jews from Bogdanovka Camp, Transnistria begins. On December 22nd. over 32,000 of Vilna’s Jews have been murdered as have 1,000 of Zablotov’s Jews are murdered.

This day, SS Sturmbannfuhrer Christian Wirth arrived in Belzec to inspect the continuing construction of the Death Camp. Preparations for the greatest Christian Festival could not deter Hitler’s Final Solution from its rapidly progressive atrocity! By the Christmas of 1941 December 25th. Thursday,Jews assaulted, targeted, victimised, assailed, abused, killed, murdered, executed, destroyed, annihilated. On December 27th. the knowledge of ‘gassing van’ operations at Chelmno reaches Izbica Lubelska as the Christian World has feasted and bloated itself upon the celebration of the coming of its Lord and the endless sweep of Jewish Community’s continues.

The swathe of destruction, now measured in the 100’s of 1,000’s already, will sweep aside 1,000’s more of entire Jewish Community’s until the resulting devastation will total 6,000,000 Murdered Jews of Europe, to be lost to us all. On December 29th. the initial T4 team arrive for duty at Belzec and on December 30th. over 50,000 Jews at Bogdanovka murdered in 10 day period as 10,000 Jews in Simferopol are murdered.

Eichmann with a team of SS officials, Hermann Hofle incuded, inspected the area of Belzec with Christian Wirth and this is significant in that it is just prior to The Wannsee Conference. On December 31st. Abba Kovner urges a revolt as Jewish Armed Resistance is being prepared in Vilna. There is a report sent to SS Obersturmbannfuhrer Dr. Fritz Dietrich, Police commander for Libau area, that 2,731 Jews of Libau have been murdered on the beaches of Skeden.

Wednesday December 31st. 1941 “..Ponar is not a ..Camp. Jews ..shot there. Hitler plans to destroy all ..Jews of Europe ..Jews of Lithuania ..first in line. ..We must not go like sheep to ..slaughter!” Abba Kovner.

By end of year, 16,000 German Jews have been deported to Riga and over the Winter period, 1,000’s of Jews interned in Transnistria are Killed. Starvation, the bitter cold, sickness all add to the Transnistrian devastation for the Jews there. During the coming December of 1942 there are Jewish Resistances at Brody, a Jewish Resistances at Chortkov, a Jewish Resistances at Czestochowa and a Jewish Resistances at Kielce. Elsewhere the Lvov Ghetto is liquidated as is the Makow, Pinsk, Plonsk and Slonim Ghetto’s, all Liquidated.

“..German authorities ..now carrying into effect Hitler’s ..intention to exterminate ..Jewish people in Europe.” American State Department.

On December 1st. 400 of Karczew’s Jews murdered and on December 2nd. 1,000 Plonsk Jews are murdered at Birkenau, and on December 3rd. Birkenau Sonderkommano shot as a reprisal for planned revolt. On December 5th. 1942

“..Holocaust ..Nothing else in Hitler’s record is comparable to his treatment of the Jews . . . The word has gone forth that . . . the Jewish peoples are to be exterminated . . . The conscience of humanity stands aghast.” London News Chronicle.

On December 8th. 1,250 Rohatyn Jews are murdered while Herzl Kawa, Hersch Liverant and Moschk Nelkenbaum escape a Treblinka Transport from Siedlce. They escaped toward Brenner and were caught and interned in Ferramonti Camp, Italy. Rabbi Wise meets with President Roosevelt to discuss plight of European Jewry. On December 10th. 1st. Transport of German Jews arrives at Auschwitz as the Polish Government in Exile asks Allies to retaliate for Nazi murders.

Thursday December 10th. 1942. “..For those in Germany who let themselves be misused as tools of ..systematic extermination of another race with full awareness of of what they are doing ..there will be no room in ..new postwar world. For such people there can be nothing but extermination. ..members of ..SS and all others ..participating in ..planning ..implementation of ..Nazi policy of exterminating ..Jews should take note of this.” The BBC.

On December 11th. The last transport of Jews arrived at Belzec as the Belzec Death Camp is now officially Closed with estimates as high as 1,250,000 Jews who were murdered here at Belzec. This is an Aktion Reinhard Death Camp. On December 12th. 2,000 Czerwinsk Jews are murdered and Jewish Resistance at Lutsk crushed with more than 15,000 Lutsk Jews eventually murdered.

Thursday December 17th. 1942. “..following declaration which is being made public today at this hour in London ..Moscow and Washington: “..The attention of the Governments of Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Luxemberg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, the United States of America, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Yugoslavia, and of the French National Committee has been drawn to numerous reports from Europe that the German authorities, not content with denying to persons of Jewish race in all the territories over which their barbarous rule has been extended the most elementary human rights, are now carrying into effect Hitler’s oft repeated intention to exterminate the Jewish people in Europe. From all the occupied countries Jews are being transported, in conditions of appalling horror and brutality, to Eastern Europe. In Poland, which has been made the principal Nazi slaughterhouse, the ghettoes established by the German invaders are being systematically emptied of all Jews except a few highly skilled workers required for war industries. None of those taken away are ever heard of again. The able-bodied are slowly worked to death in labour camps. The infirm are left to die of exposure and starvation or are deliberately massacred in mass executions. The number of victims of these bloody cruelties is reckoned in many hundreds of thousands of entirely innocent men, women and children. The above mentioned Governments and the French National Committee condemn in the strongest possible terms this bestial policy of cold-blooded extermination. They declare that such events can only strengthen the resolve of all freedom loving peoples to overthrow the barbarous Hitlerite tyranny. They re-affirm their solemn resolution to ensure that those responsible for these crimes shall not escape retribution, and to press on with the necessary practical measures to this end.?

Thursday December 17th. 1942 “..ocean of blood in which ..Jewish population of Poland is being drowned still has not washed away ..existing antisemitic poison.” Mary Berg.

Elsewhere the Jews of Europe are being systematically Slaughtered and it is clearly recognised in Poland where the mechansised and industrial capacity to kill 6,000,000 Jews has been enhanced in x6 Death Camps established there. Estimates will vary but history lends us an assessment which suggests that of the near 30,000 Jews hiding in Warsaw, barely 11,500 of them Survived. For varying reasons we cannot know why such is this fact but perhaps Mary Berg lends us her insight. This subjective view might suggest some 18,000 hidden Warsaw Jews alone were betrayed.

Thursday December 17th. 1942 “..Aryan side. ..a number of Jews hiding there ..live in constant terror. Many ..blackmailed by ..Poles with whom they are staying. After ..money ..jewels ..are ..gone ..hosts deliver them to ..Germans. ..in spite of ..fact Polish population ..is bitterly persecuted by ..invaders.” Mary Berg.

On December 17th. Baranovichi Ghetto Liquidated and 3,000 Jews are murdered as the Allies condemn extermination of the Jews. There is a pledge by America, Belgium, Britain, Czechoslovakia, French National Committee, Greece, Holland, Luxembourg, Norway, Poland, Russia and Yugoslavia to officially condemn and punish the Nazi’s. There is no similar call from Pope Pius II. On December 18th. Pope Pius XII does not see that his silence is highly damning to the Holy See.

On December 19th. 3,000 Dworzec Jews murdered after Resisting and over 560 Jews are murdered in Rakow Forest. The Jews of Piotrkow-Trybunalski attacked their German captors and many died in the attempt. On December 23rd. there is a Jewish Resistance in Cracow.

Thursday December 24th. 1942 “..a time of great tragedy for our people. ..for those who will survive this Holocaust ..we must go forward.” Chaim Weizmann.

By the Christmas of 1942 Friday, Jews are assaulted, targeted, victimised, assailed, abused, killed, murdered, executed, destroyed, annihilated, obliterated. Zelig Kalmanovich writes from the depths of the Vilna Ghetto, which is still struggling to remain viable. In the midst of this particular maelstrom, the Germans are determined to ensure that the Jews from here are totally obliterated and their presence is no longer to be felt in the World.

Sunday December 27th. 1942 “..here ..where comfort lures people into ..camp of ..mighty ..it is of no interest to history. ..Holocaust will steal its way into world history.” Zelig Kalmanovich.

But history has been told of these events and The Holocaust has presented to the World the worst of what Man can do to his fellow Man. To this day the Jews prevail and we make strenuous efforts to Remember them and stand stoicly to accuse those who perpetrated these crimes!

Sunday December 27th. 1942 “..History will cherish your memory ..people of ..ghetto. Your last expression will be studied ..your struggle for human dignity will inspire.” Zelig Kalmanovich.

On December 28th. Dr. Carl Clauberg begins his sterilization ‘experiments’ at Auschwitz and on December 30th. Pope Pius XII remarks upon atrocity’s against Jews as ‘propaganda exaggerations.’ On December 31st. more than 2,000,000 Jews already murdered in Death Camps. Einsatzgruppe and Police Battalions have added more to this figure as Dachau Concentration Camp have Gas Chamber and Crematorium installed. A concentration camp is established at Riga and a Labor Camp is attached to the Vilna Ghetto and by the end of the year, and within 9 months of operating, at least 600,000 Jews and as many as 1,250,000 Jews have been murdered at Belzec.

During December 1943 the Chortkov Ghetto will be Liquidated as on December 1st. 1943 all native and foreign Jews in Italy to be treated equally and detained under Police order. On December 6th. Over 200 Jews from Milan and Verona to Auschwitz.

Tuesday December 7th. 1943 “..people tell me ..your children are still young ..they?ll cope ..they?ll stand up to it. ..I told them ..They wont stand up to a bullet in ..neck. ..In Kiev they massacred 20,000 Jews. Feodosia ..Crimea ..12,000 in a single night.” Helene Berr.

On December 10th. Jews of Lippstadt are ordered out of their homes and on December 11th. Red Cross visits Romanian Jews deported to Transniestria.

Monday December 13th. 1943 “..Objectively ..it seems to me we are ..last shovelful ..we won’t slip through ..net. ..not many Jews left in Paris ..we don’t have much prospect of keeping out of ..way ..we won’t be tipped off. Subjectively ..time had finally come for each of us to look for our places of safety. ..I stay on in full awareness of what may happen ..it is a conscious choice. ..why did I make that choice. ..if I ..abandoned my official life ..it would feel like ..defecting. ..I’m well aware that nobody in ..family if left behind ..would have ..resolve in ..face of danger. ..seperation will be atrociously painful for all of us ..above and beyond ..fact of being deported. ..If anyone reads these words after it has happened ..will be struck ..and ..ask ..How could you have done nothing. ..my worries are not about me. ..Should we abandon everything ..when it’s quite possible ..nothing will happen at all.? Helene Berr.

December 13th. Jews of Lippstadt are ‘resettled’ to Riga. Rumbuli awaits them. On December 14th. 200 Drohobycz Jews are murdered and on December 15th. over 2,500 Jews are transported from Theresienstadt to Auschwitz as the first trial of German war criminals in Kharkov. On Friday December 17th. Convoy 63 is destined for Auschwitz from the Drancy Concentration Camp. Aboard are the Baur Family, along with 844 other Jewish Men, Women and Their Children. The Baur Family is later referred to in Helene Berr’s Journal On December 18th.

Over 2,500 Jews from Theresienstadt to Auschwitz and on December 19th. First trial of German war criminals in Kharkov ends. Monday December 20th. 850 Jewish Men, Women and Their Children arrive at Auschwitz from the Drancy Concentration Camp. Amongst these arrivals are the Baur Family which Helene Berr writes of in Her Journal. Immediate selection sees 505 of these deportees Gassed. None of the Baur Family ever returned.

Wednesday 22nd. December 1943 “..Maman told me ..Andre Baur ..his Wife ..deported ..with their four small Children. It haunts me. ..so certain they would not be taken ..at Christmas ..making trees for what is a Children’s holiday ..made me grieve so much.” Helene Berr.

History here adds to what Helene informs us of. WE know from Serge Klarsfeld that Andre, his Wife Odette and their x4 Children, Pierre who was 10 years old, Myriam who was 9 years old, Antoine who was 6 years old and Francine their 3 year old Youngest Child. They were deported toward Auschwitz on December 17th. 1943 on Convoy 63. None Survived. On December 23rd. End of Red Cross mission to Transniestria. By the Christmas of 1943 Saturday, Jews are assaulted, targeted, victimised, assailed, abused, killed, murdered, executed, destroyed, annihilated, obliterated.

Wednesday 29th. December 1943. “..I have not enough faith in God. ..only thing to do is to pray that God will ..save some of them.” Anne Frank. Buchenwald Concentration Camp holds over 37,000 inmates by the end of the year.

Friday December 31st. 1943 “..When I write ..word Jew ..I am not saying exactly what I mean ..for me that distinction does not exist ..I do not feel different from other people ..I will never think of myself as a member of a separate human group. ..I suffer from ..sight of evil falling upon humanity.” Helene Berr.

Fritz Pfeffer died on December 20th. 1944, in the Neuengamme concentration camp, where he had been transferred from either Buchenwald or Sachsenhausen. On December 6th. The Kasztner Jews reach Switzerland and Buchenwald Concentration Camp holds more than 63,000 by end of year. Some 90,000 Jews from France have been murdered. By the Christmas of 1944 Monday, Jews are assaulted, targeted, victimised, assailed, abused, killed, murdered, executed, destroyed, annihilated, obliterated, slaughtered.

On December 13th. 1945 Joseph Kramer The Beast of Belsen is Hanged and on December 18th. 1945 the prosecution begin introducing evidence to prove the criminality of seven German organizations: the Nazi party leadership, the German High Command, the SS, the SA, the SD, the Reich Cabinet, and the Gestapo. By the Christmas of 1945, Tuesday December 25th. Jews are assaulted, targeted, victimised, assailed, abused, killed, murdered, executed, destroyed, annihilated, obliterated, slaughtered and eviscerated as the War in Europe has ended, the War in the Pacific has ended but the machinery of destruction designed to destroy every living Jew, Man, Woman and Their Children has not been ground out of existence.

The apopleptic response to the Catastrophe of 6,000,000 shows little regard for the enormity of The Holocaust.



Kurt Gerstein

Uncategorised Posted on Tue, December 10, 2019 15:57:03

“..you were saved not ..to live ..you must give testimony ..be courageous when ..mind deceives you be courageous in ..final account only this is important.” Zbigniew Herbert.

There is not enough justice in this World to come to terms with the outrage related to the Slaughter of 6,000,000 Jews of Europe, The Holocaust. Given that there were 7,000,000 card carrying Nazi’s, Germans who followed the bitter hatred of Hitler and his mockery of both eugenics and superiority, there should be evidence enough to convict all of those. But, and whether for their complicity, both active and or sponsored, contrived to deliver the most heinous crimes ever perpetrated in all of our History, Justice must always be seen, and to be served.

“..10 years old when ..Nazis marched into Warsaw. My sister was in ..hospital having her first baby. I was about to be an uncle. That night we went to ..hospital to visit my sister. Soldiers throwing bundles out of windows and catching them on their bayonets surrounded .. hospital. Blood was everywhere. We never saw ..baby or my sister. ..Nazis put my family in ..camps. My father and I were together. We never saw my mother and sisters again. My father died. I promised him I would write our story.” Ben Edelbaum.

However, the burgeoning truth, in any search for this integrity so omitted from any Justice for an eviscerated Jewish Community, must weigh heavily with accusation as to why. Justice performed must be witnessed in how it is served up and we cannot simply assume, because we have had International Military Tribunals to attach some form of justice to the Nazi hierarchy, that any appreciable Justice has been served. We cannot then allow for History to simply accept, beings as have held a few derisory we have held trials and therefore justice has been seen to

“..this is no empty phrase ..despite their power ..we knew ..ultimately we would defeat them ..we ..weak ones ..because in this lay our strength. We believed in justice ..in humanity ..in a regime different from ..one which they glorified.” Zivia Lubetkin.

Everyone will have an opinion on who is and what makes a Nazi and in the case of The Holocaust, what then propelled these ordinary human beings into an extraordinary inhuman atrocity toward 6,000,000 Jews of Europe. Of course, in the case of Hitler, Himmler, Heydrich, Eichmann and Hoess, we know full well the terrible stain they have placed upon humanity. History, the World nor its supposed humanity will ever recover however, and very much like Himmler and his expression of the decent Jew an A1 Jew:

“..Jewish race is being exterminated ..that’s quite clear ..it’s in our program ..elimination of ..Jews ..we’re doing it exterminating them. ..then they come ..80 million worthy Germans ..and each one has his decent Jew. Of course ..others are vermin ..but this one is an A1 Jew. Not one of all those who talk this way has witnessed it ..not one of them has been through it. Most of you must know what it means when 100 corpses are lying side by side ..or 500 or 1,000. To have stuck it out and at ..same time ..apart from exceptions caused by human weakness ..to have remained decent fellows ..that is what has made us hard. This is a page of glory in our history which has never been written and is never to be written.” Heinrich Himmler.

This, all being processed as to how we can judge theses Nazi’s all simply complicates our own humanity in dealing humanely with such an atrocity. Do we simply accept all Nazi’s are as guilty as the other or is there a hierarchy of evil which places Hitler above Himmler. Then, ever flowing downward from the top of the pyramid until we are at the bottom and we are assessing the scale of the atrocity meted out by the foot soldier who knows full well what it means to see 1,000’s upon 1,000’s of Jewish dead laying side by side.

“..Belzec ..Treblinka ..Majdanek I have visited personally in detail ..together with ..leader of these facilities ..Polizeihauptmann Wirth.” Kurt Gerstein.

I have no wish to complicate this issue as each remains as guilty as the next in perpetration, participation, complicity or duplicitous in their conduct to outrage our human sensitivity. But herein lies the rub as we approach the likes of Oscar Schindler and perhaps more importantly, SS Obersturmfuhrer Kurt Gerstein. I sought many ways, in my research for Hitler’s Belzec, to come to terms with the enigma that appears to be this erstwhile gassing stroke disinfection specialist who penetrates the very narrative of hatred in Belzec, amongst other’s of the Death Camp’s in Poland he visited.

“..Anyone who spoke to ..enemy about ..extermination program ..like Kurt Gerstein ..is a shit with ears.” Adolf Eichmann.

In fact we have the very detailed report he set before us which might suggest that Hitler had 25 million people extinguished from existence. How many of these were Jews is an arguable confrontation with the very conservative estimate we have of 6,000,000 Jews of Europe, Slaughtered, The Holocaust. So where does Gerstein reside alongside those like Stangl or Wirth in officiating the very detail of the Slaughter. It remains difficult to see in other than his effort, a nazi who aspired to betray the very detail of The Holocaust he was meant to bring to fruition.

“..I used all these negotiations to make known in a skilful way or at least to intimate ..fact of ..killing of ..Jews.” Kurt Gerstein.

History might well prove that Gerstein’s assessment is more accurate than history will allow, while his application of the Zyklon ‘B’ insecticide in disinfecting 40 million kilograms of what Jewish Clothing remained after the killing exercise, had thus proved how lethal Zyklon ‘B’ had become to Jewish existence. All of this might prove mere conjecture or yet, it might prove that Gerstein was not as bad a nazi as some other’s where?

“..Surviving as a prisoner of ..Nazis was a hard and bitter struggle. In ..face of ..generous freedoms ..our persecution was even more difficult to translate. I felt pain ..lots of pain ..but I had to suppress it. I envied everyone everywhere who had escaped this terrible ordeal. ..in 1949 people had already heard of Hitler and his deeds and were not eager to hear more. Only later generations wanted to know what had happened to ..European Jewry. By this time a new term had arisen to identify ..Nazis’ mass murder and torture of millions of European Jews ..Holocaust.” Benjamin Jacobs.

It is important, given the detail that Gerstein wishes to pass on to posterity that we look consciously at what Gerstein not only reports, but the reasoning behind why he chose to report it. Gerstein has been in search of the truth as to why Hitler saw fit to kill those Hitler personally saw as ‘undesirable’. Amongst those for whom Hitler saw there was no room on Earth for was Kurt Gerstein’s Sister-in-Law, Bertha Ebeling. Bertha was Murdered at the Hadamar Euthanasia Institute and Gerstein set about exposing the racial hatred bred from eugenics toward The Final Solution of The Jewish Question.

“..Behold ..historian called to render his account. He does so not without an inner tremor. What craftsman ..grown old in his trade ..has not asked himself with a sudden qualm whether he has spent his life wisely. ..question far transcends ..minor scruples of a professional conscience. ..our entire Western civilisation is concerned in it.” Marc Bloch.

The resolve for die Endlosung der Judenfrage meant that every camp in the third Reich proved the potential to eliminate all opposition. Of that proposed opposition Hitler saw to it that the Jewish People were at the forefront of that aim and hence, the eventual construction of The Death Camp. To facilitate the systematic destruction of the Jews of Europe, and it is by no means unconnected that Poland was chosen as the site of this devastation as all methodology was evolved to ensure, as The Wannsee Conference protocol would demand, the destruction of 11,293,300 Jews.

“..Nazis were responsible for this tragedy it is they who murdered most of 3,000,000 Jews who lived in Poland before World War II. ..Germans were able to mobilize segments of ..Polish society to take part in their plan to hunt down ..Jews and help them carry out their Final Solution.” Jan Grabowski.

These Jews of all of Europe would be systematically sought for Slaughter and already this conference was too late as the level of atrocity heaped upon the Jews in Poland escalated post 1939. Now while every camp proved costly to Jewish life, The Death Camp was further enhanced and that demand to annihilate the Jews in all of Poland and then throughout the entirety of Europe, would take on an industrial process of such mechanised Slaughter, Hitler unhinged all those who served his purpose from all human morality.

“..Survival without renunciation of any part of one’s moral world apart from powerful and direct interventions by fortune was conceded only to very few superior individuals ..made of ..stuff of martyrs and saints.” Primo Levi.

Here too is where someone like Kurt Gerstein would emerge to deliver to History much of what he observed and then knew of. Already, while the Polish soil is saturated with the blood of too many of Polish Jewry, and eventually there would be some 4,500,000 Jews, 3,000,000 of whom would be Polish Jews, are strewn across what is now Judaism’s largest ever cemetery. This fact is of course, unless the correctional voice of polish history demands that, if all of Poland was a German satellite, were all of these Jews thus Murdered on German soil.

“..Written by ..Sonderkommando ..Crematorium II August 5th. 1944 ..Zalman Lewental ..Ciechanow ..Poland. No one can imagine exactly how things happened ..for it is unimaginable that a precise account of our experiences can be given. ..We ..a small group of grey people ..will give historians a ..hard time ..also ..psychologists who want to know ..investigate ..mental condition of ..people who tackled this dismal ..dirty work. ..who knows whether these investigators will fathom ..truth ..whether anyone will be able to thoroughly.” Zalman Lewental.

With that being the case, would all those Jews murdered who were murdered on this supposed German soil, would these Jews, including the Polish Jews, be asked to relinquish their former national status and then become German Jews. If the majority are no longer to be Polish Jewry, as History must remember them, who will claim them, own them and remember them. For me it a single matter! Poland either fights for the status of Poland, albeit it an occupied state, or it must relinquish its right to be Poland and subject the Slaughter of more than 3,000,000 Polish Jews to stateless ignominy.

“..Whoever exalts race ..or ..people ..or ..State ..or a particular form of State ..or ..depositories of power ..or any other fundamental value of ..human community ..however necessary and honourable be their function in worldly things ..whoever raises these notions above their standard value and divinizes them to an idolatrous level ..distorts and perverts an order of ..world planned and created by God ..he is far from ..true faith in God and from ..concept of life which that faith upholds.” Achille Ratti.

Here, alongside the hatred of a Jew is not yet antisemitism until it becomes the hatred of the Jew for being a Jew, and this is securely fixed to Hitler’s every utterance. Here though, and the use of this form of hatred which we are talking about is an illogical barrier to reason and was used by Hitler for personal, political and power seeking ideas. What then emerged as The Final Solution was later recalled to be The Holocaust. I am all too well aware of the controversy over the term but I stand by what was emerging as the dust was settling over the lifeless body of 6,000,000 Jews of Europe.

“..Jews were compelled to establish relations with an alien ..hostile government that regarded them as subhuman ..fit only for exploitation and extermination. ..human values in which they believed and on which they had built their lives tottered and collapsed. In this cruel reality ..Vilna Jewry struggled to survive and seek rescue. ..daily struggle was for life itself ..survive in ..face of hunger ..disease. Jewish Vilna embodied ..majority of hardships ..torment ..European Jewry ..underwent during The Holocaust ..its responses sum up most of ..options ..available to ..Jews during this tragic epoch. Vilna Jewry was a microcosm of ..fate of all Jewish communities in Eastern Europe.” Yitzhak Arad.

The very term The Holocaust, taken from the Greek original ‘holos’ meaning completely, and its borrowing from the Hebrew ‘olah’ is added to ‘kaustos’ to ensure the sacrificial offering, that the Jews became, was offered on the Death Camp, Concentration Camp, Ghetto and Killing Site altar to Hitler. For me, no part of this historical translation conceives of it being other than what Hitler demanded and what his cronies, acolytes and collaborator’s offered up for him and to him as so many wholly burned Jewish offerings as the Krematoria provided and Sk1005 would demand.

“..Everywhere I go ..I want people to know where I’m from ..my background ..where my family came from because of ..struggle they had to go through. Every week when I play and I see ..Israeli flag ..it brings me a lot of pride and I think it’s because of what my grandparents had to go through. Not just them but everybody during World War II and The Holocaust. That brings me anger but what I’m trying to do is bring ..anger and do something meaningful.” Laetitia Beck.

But before we arrive at the atrocity of The Holocaust, which Hitler fully adopted and adapted, the varying stages of both isolating and abusing German and Austrian Jewish Citizens was taken well before the decision to murder them all was made. Always, and it is impossible to come to terms with what translates as The Holocaust murder of 6,000,000 Jews of Europe, I resist the call to both dilute the term and move it away from what history has already established. The fact of enactment recognises in these 6,000,000 Murdered Jews a term that is used as their erstwhile resting place.

“..We could see a machine that took out ..corpses from ..graves and threw them into ..fire. There were a few such fires going simultaneously. At that time a dreadful smell dominated ..whole area ..a smell of burned human bones and bodies. From ..moment they began burning ..corpses ..from all directions of ..camp came ..smell of ..corpses. When ..Germans completed ..burning of ..corpses ..they dismantled ..camp.” Maria Daniel.

Even as Gerstein begins his search and as we go back to when the eventual slaughter was first formed in the minds of Hitler and his Nazified Germany, Gerstein was merely answering a humanitarian call for himself. There can be no understanding which can be reached that lays before history what Gerstein truly witnessed as these murdered Human Beings, sought out for being Jews, are then dismissed from life. The role for me is simple, and in ensuring not one single Jew is lost within the confinement of The Final Solution of The Jewish Question (die Endlosung der Judenfrage), The Holocaust recognises all of them.

“..On ..site where for 400 ghastly days ..blasphemy of Treblinka tormented human history there is now a monument. It shows in ..centre an enormous rock topped by a menorah to symbolise ..300,000 martyred Jews of Warsaw. ..rock is surrounded by huge slabs of concrete from which rises a forest of 1,000’s of granite pillars of varying shapes and sizes ..representing cities ..villages ..and shtetlach los in ..Holocaust. On 150 of them are carved ..names of ..localities from which ..murdered Jews came. ..massive pillars bear ..names of ..Country’s of ..victims origin.” Alexander Donat.

If these Jews of Europe are remembered, as those who are contained in The Holocaust, their Destruction will teach us better what tolerance must mean. All of this has proven, that in the past, an attempt to diminish and dilute the Jewish presence in the worst assault upon human civilisation Ever, cannot continue with the dissolving of their presence from the term which lends itself to their Slaughter, Extinction, Extirpation and Evisceration. To remove the term has failed on every level of unique, unparalleled, unprecedented and calculated effort Hitler invited to measure their passing.

“..Anne Frank wrote at ..end of her Diary ..she still believed people were good at heart ..I wonder what she would have thought if she had Survived ..Auschwitz and ..Belsen. ..people have a unique capacity for cruelty ..brutality ..indifference to human suffering. ..I have seen ..unedifying evidence of that at close hand ..it has led me to a lifetime of wondering about ..human soul.” Eva Schloss.

The systematic and planned governmental sponsorship of the Slaughter was so complete, when after Wannsee, Gerstein set about exposing the very detail of the Slaughter. So here is, presented to us a while before his life too was extinguished is a report of such revelation, even Eichmann sought to discredit its validity and suggest of the purveyor, Kurt Gerstein ‘is a shit with ears’. For me though, the truth is all that matters in this discourse we see in testimony for the remembrance of a vastness of loss as I maintain

Always to Remember, Never to Forget.

The Gerstein Report

May 4th. 1945

Personal History

Kurt Gerstein, retired mining civil servant, graduate engineer, on 27 September 1936 released from the Höheren Preußischen Bergdienst because of subversive activity.
Born on 11 August 1905 in Münster (Westfalen), associate of the engineering works De Limon Fluhme & Co. in Düsseldorf, Industriestraße 1 – 17. Special factory for automatic grease systems for engines, Knorr- and Westinghouse brakes.

Personnel record

1905-1910 in Münster (Westfalen). 1910-1919 Saarbrücken. 1919 until 1921 Halberstadt. 1921-1925 Neuruppin near Berlin. There in 1925 school-leaving examination at the humanistic grammar school. Studies: University Marburg a. Lahn 1925-1927. Berlin 1927-1931, college of technology Aachen 1927. Graduate engineer examination 1931 in Berlin-Charlottenburg. Since 1925 active member of the organized Protestant Youth (CVJM-YMCA) and the bible circles at secondary schools.

Political activity

Active follower of Brüning and Stresemann. – Since June 1933 persecuted by the Gestapo because of Christian activity against the Nazi State. On 2 May 1933 joined the NSDAP, on 2 October 1936 expulsion from the NSDAP because of subversive (religious) activity for the denominational church. At the same time expulsion as official from the civil service because of disturbing a party solemnity ceremony at the state theatre in Hagen (Westfalen) on 30 January 1935 – a performance of the drama “Wittekind” – thrashed in public and injured.

On 27 November 1935 mining service examination at the economics ministry in Berlin, all examinations passed with distinction. Until arrest on 27 September 1936 civil servant at the Saarland mines administration in Saarbrücken. This first arrest happened because of sending 8,500 subversive (re the Nazis) pamphlets to all heads of ministerial departments and high judicial officers in Germany. In accordance with a life-long wish I then studied medicine in Tübingen at the Deutsches Institut für Ärztliche Mission. This was possible because of my economic independence. As an associate of the De Limon Fluhme & Co. in Düsseldorf I earned an average income of 10,000 Reichsmark yearly. I used to spend approximately one third of this income for my religious ideals. In particular, I had 230,000 religious and anti-Nazi pamphlets printed and distributed at my own cost.

On 14 July 1938 my second arrest occurred, and I was committed to the Konzentrationslager Welzheim because of subversive activity. Before that I was frequently warned and interrogated by the Gestapo, and received a ban on speaking throughout the whole Reich area.

When I heard about the beginning of the killing of mentally ill persons at Grafeneck and Hadamar and other sites, I decided to make every effort to look into the matter of these ovens and chambers in order to learn what happened there. This was all the more relevant as a sister-in-law by marriage – Bertha Ebeling – was compulsorily killed in Hadamar. With two references from Gestapo officers who had worked on my case, I easily succeeded in joining the SS. The gentlemen took the view that my idealism, which they probably admired, must be of advantage to the Nazi cause. On 10 March 1941 I joined the SS. I received my basic training in Hamburg-Langenhorn, in Arnhem (Holland), and in Oranienburg. In Holland I immediately contacted the Dutch resistance movement (graduate engineer Ubbink, Doesburg).

Because of my dual studies I was soon taken over by the technical-medical service and allotted to the SS-Führungshauptamt, Amtsgruppe D, Sanitätswesen der Waffen-SS Abteilung Hygiene. I completed the training in a course together with 40 physicians. At the Hygienedienst I could determine my activities for myself. I constructed mobile and stationary disinfection facilities for the troops, for prisoner-of-war camps, and concentration camps. With this I had great success and was from then on undeservedly considered as a kind of technical genius. Indeed it turned out well at least to some extent, by getting the horrible epidemic typhus wave in 1941 in the camps under control. Because of my successes I soon became Leutnant and then Oberleutnant.

At Christmas 1941 the court which had ordered my expulsion from the NSDAP was informed about my joining the SS in a leading position. The result was a severe witch hunt against me. But because of my great successes and my personality I was protected and kept in office. In January 1942 I became head of the department of health engineering and in addition in a double function for the same sector I was taken over by the Reichsarzt SS und Polizei. In this function I took over the whole technical disinfection service including disinfection with highly toxic gases.

In this capacity I was visited on 8 June 1942 by the until then unknown to me SS-Sturmführer Günther from Reichssicherheitshauptamt Berlin W, Kurfürstenstraße. Günther arrived in civil clothing. He gave me the order to immediately obtain 100 kg prussic acid for a very secret Reichs order, and to drive with it by car to an undisclosed location which would be only known by the driver. Then some weeks later we drove to Prague. I understood little of the nature of the order but accepted it because here was an accidental opportunity to do something which I had longed for a long time – to be able to view inside these objects.

In addition I was recognized as such an authority and considered so competent as an expert on prussic acid, that in every case it would have been very easy for me to declare on some pretext that the prussic acid was unsuitable – because of decomposition or the like – in order to prevent its use for the real killing purpose. Together with us travelled – merely by chance – Professor Dr. med. Pfannenstiel, SS-Obersturmbannführer, full Professor of Hygienics at the University of Marburg/Lahn.

Then we drove by car to Lublin where the SS-Gruppenführer Globocnik awaited us. In the factory in Collin I had intentionally intimated that the acid was destined for the killing of human beings. A man appeared in the afternoon who was very interested in the vehicle and, after being noticed, promptly fled at a breakneck tempo. Globocnik said: “This whole affair is one of the most secret things of all in this time, one can say the most secret of all. Whoever talks about it will be shot on the spot. Only yesterday two blabbers have been shot.” Then he explained to us:

“Actually” – that was on 17 August 1942 – “we are running three facilities,” namely:

1) Belzec, at the country road and railway line Lublin – Lemberg, at the demarcation line with Russia. Maximum output 15,000 persons daily. (I saw it!).

2) Treblinka, 120 km northeast of Warsaw. Maximum output 25,000 persons daily. (I saw it!).

3) Sobibor, also in Poland, I don’t know exactly where. I am not familiar with the exact situation, I did not visit it. 20,000 persons maximum output daily.

4) Then in preparation – Majdanek near Lublin.

Belzec, Treblinka, and Majdanek I have visited personally in detail, together with the leader of these facilities, Polizeihauptmann Wirth.

Globocnik consulted me alone and said: “It is your task in particular to disinfect the extensive amounts of textiles. The whole Spinnstoffsammlung [= Collection of spun material in Germany] has only been gathered in order to explain the origin of the clothing material for the Ostarbeiter [eastern workers] etc, and to present it as an offering of the German nation. In reality the yield of our facilities is 10 – 20 times larger than that of the whole Spinnstoffsammlung.”

Thereafter I discussed with the most efficient companies the possibility of disinfecting such amounts of textiles – it consisted of an accumulated stock of approximately 40 million kgs = 60 complete freight trains – in the existing laundries and disinfection facilities. However it was absolutely impossible to place such huge orders. I used all these negotiations to make known in a skilful way or at least to intimate, the fact of the killing of the Jews. In the end it was sufficient for Globocnik that everything was sprinkled with a bit of Detenolin so that it at least smelled of disinfection. That was then carried out.

“Your other and far more important task is the changeover of our gas chambers which actually work with diesel exhaust fumes into a better and quicker system. I think especially of prussic acid. The day before yesterday the Führer and Himmler were here. On their order I have to personally take you there, I am not to issue written certificates and admittance cards to anybody!”

Then Pfannenstiel asked: “What did the Führer say?” Glob.: “Quicker, carry out the whole action quicker.” Pfannenstiel’s attendant, Ministerialrat Dr. Herbert Lindner, then asked: “Mr. Globocnik, do you think it is good and proper to bury all the corpses instead of cremating them? A generation could come after us which doesn’t understand all this!”

Then Globocnik said: “Gentlemen, if ever a generation will come after us which is so weak and soft-hearted that it doesn’t understand our task, then indeed the whole of National Socialism has been in vain. To the contrary, in my opinion one should bury bronze plates on which it is recorded that we have had the courage to carry out this great and so necessary work.”

The Führer: “Good, Globocnik, this is indeed also my opinion!” Later the alternative option was accepted. Then the corpses were cremated on large roasts, improvised from rails, with the aid of petrol and diesel oil.

The next day we drove to Belzec. A small special station had been created for this purpose at a hill, hard north of the road Lublin-Lemberg, in the left angle of the demarcation line. South of the road some houses with the inscription “Sonderkommando Belzec der Waffen-SS”. Because the actual chief of the whole killing facilities, Polizeihauptmann Wirth, was not yet there, Globocnik introduced me to SS-Hauptsturmführer Obermeyer (from Pirmasens). That afternoon he let me see only that which he simply had to show me. That day I didn’t see any corpses, just the smell of the whole region was stinking to high heaven in a hot August, and millions of flies were everywhere.

Near to the small double-track station was a large barrack, the so-called ‘cloakroom’, with a large counter for valuables. Then followed the barber’s room with approximately 100 chairs, the barber room. Then an alley in the open air, below birches, fenced in to the right and left by double barbed wire with inscriptions: ‘To the inhalation- and bath rooms!’. In front of us a sort of bath house with geraniums, then a small staircase, and then to the right and left 3 rooms each, 5 x 5 meters, 1.90 meters high, with wooden doors like garages. At the back wall, not quite visible in the dark, larger wooden ramp doors. On the roof as a “clever, little joke” the Star of David. In front of the building an inscription: Hackenholt-Foundation. More I couldn’t see that afternoon.

The next morning, shortly before 7 a.m. someone announced to me: “In ten minutes the first transport will come!” In fact the first train arrived after some minutes, from the direction of Lemberg. 45 wagons with 6,700 people of whom 1,450 were already dead on arrival. Behind the barred hatches children as well as men and women looked out, terribly pale and nervous, their eyes full of the fear of death. The train comes in: 200 Ukrainians fling open the doors and whip the people out of the wagons with their leather whips.

A large loudspeaker gives the further orders: ‘Undress completely, also remove artificial limbs, spectacles etc. Handing over valuables at the counter, without receiving a voucher or a receipt. The shoes carefully bound together (because of the Spinnstoffsammlung), because on the almost 25 metre high heap nobody would have been able to find the matching shoes again. Then the women and girls to the barber who, with two, three scissor strokes is cutting off all hair and collecting it in potato sacks. “That is for special purposes in the submarines, for seals or the like!” the SS-Unterscharführer who is on duty there says to me.

Then the procession starts moving. In front a very lovely young girl; so all of them go along the alley, all naked, men, women, children, without artificial limbs. I myself stand together with Hauptmann Wirth on top of the ramp between the gas chambers. Mothers with babies at their breast, they come onward, hesitate, enter the death chambers! At the corner a strong SS man stands who, with a voice like a pastor, says to the poor people: “There is not the least chance that something will happen to you! You must only take a deep breath in the chamber, that widens the lungs; this inhalation is necessary because of the illnesses and epidemics.” On the question of what would happen to them he answered: “Yes, of course, the men have to work, building houses and roads but the women don’t need to work. Only if they wish they can help in housekeeping or in the kitchen.”

For some of these poor people this gave a little glimmer of hope, enough to go the few steps to the chambers without resistance. The majority are aware, the smell tells them of their fate! So they climb the small staircase, and then they see everything. Mothers with little children at the breast, little naked children, adults, men, women, all naked – they hesitate but they enter the death chambers, pushed forward by those behind them or driven by the leather whips of the SS.

The majority without saying a word. A Jewess of about 40 years of age, with flaming eyes, calls down vengeance on the head of the murderers for the blood which is shed here. She gets 5 or 6 slashes with the riding crop into her face from Hauptmann Wirth personally, then she also disappears into the chamber. Many people pray. I pray with them, I press myself in a corner and shout loudly to my and their God. How gladly I would have entered the chamber together with them, how gladly I would have died the same death as them. Then they would have found a uniformed SS man in their chambers – the case would have been understood and treated as an accident, one man quietly missing. Still I am not allowed to do this. First I must tell what I am experiencing here!

The chambers fill. “Pack well!” – Hauptmann Wirth has ordered. The people stand on each other’s feet. 700 – 800 on 25 square meters, in 45 cubic meters! The SS physically squeezes them together, as far as is possible.

The doors close. At the same time the others are waiting outside in the open air, naked. Someone tells me: “The same in winter!” “Yes, but they could catch their death of cold,” I say. “Yes, exactly what they are here for!” says an SS man to me in his Low German. Now I finally understand why the whole installation is called the Hackenholt-Foundation. Hackenholt is the driver of the diesel engine, a little technician, also the builder of the facility.

The people are brought to death with the diesel exhaust fumes. But the diesel doesn’t work! Hauptmann Wirth comes. One can see that he feels embarrassed that that happens just today, when I am here. That’s right, I see everything! And I wait. My stop watch has honestly registered everything. 50 minutes, 70 minutes [?] – the diesel doesn’t start! The people are waiting in their gas chambers. In vain! One can hear them crying, sobbing… Hauptmann Wirth hits the Ukrainian who is helping Unterscharführer Hackenholt 12, 13 times in the face.

After two hours and 49 minutes – the stop watch has registered everything well – the diesel starts. Until this moment the people live in these 4 chambers, four times 750 people in 4 times 45 cubic meters! Again 25 minutes pass. Right, many are dead now. One can see that through the small window in which the electric light illuminates the chambers for a moment. After 28 minutes only a few are still alive. Finally, after 32 minutes, everyone is dead!

From the other side men from the work command open the wooden doors. They have been promised – even Jews – freedom, and some one-thousandth of all valuables found, for their terrible service. Like basalt pillars the dead stand inside, pressed together in the chambers. In any event there was no space to fall down or even bend forward. Even in death one can still tell the families. They still hold hands, tensed in death, so that one can barely tear them apart in order to empty the chamber for the next batch. The corpses are thrown out, wet from sweat and urine, soiled by excrement, menstrual blood on their legs.

Children’s’ corpses fly through the air. There is no time. The riding crops of the Ukrainians lash down on the work commands. Two dozen dentists open mouths with hooks and look for gold. Gold to the left, without gold to the right. Other dentists break gold teeth and crowns out of jaws with pliers and hammers.

Among all this Hauptmann Wirth is running around. He is in his element. Some workers search the genitals and anus of the corpses for gold, diamonds, and valuables. Wirth calls me to him: “Lift this can full of gold teeth, that is only from yesterday and the day before yesterday!” In an incredibly vulgar and incorrect diction he said to me: “You won’t believe what we find in gold and diamonds every day” – he pronounced it (in German Brillanten) with two L – “and in dollars. But see for yourself!” And now he led me to a jeweller who managed all these treasures, and let me see all this. Then someone showed me a former head of the Kaufhaus des Westens in Berlin, and a violinist:

“That was a Hauptmann of the Austrian Army, knight of the Iron Cross 1st class who is now camp elder of the Jewish work command!”

The naked corpses were carried on wooden stretchers to pits only a few meters away, measuring 100 x 20 x 12 meters. After a few days the corpses welled up and a short time later they collapsed, so that one could throw a new layer of bodies upon them. Then ten centimetres of sand were spread over the pit, so that a few heads and arms still rose from it here and there. At such a place I saw Jews climbing over the corpses and working. One told me that by mistake those who arrived dead had not been stripped. Of course this has to be done later because of the Spinnstoffsammlung and valuables which otherwise they would take with them into the grave.

Neither in Belzec nor in Treblinka was any trouble taken over registering or counting the dead. The numbers were only estimates of a wagon’s content… Hauptmann Wirth asked me not to propose changes in Berlin re his facilities, and to let it remain as it is, being well established and well-tried. I supervised the burial of the prussic acid because it allegedly had decomposed.

The next day – 19 August 1942 – we drove in the car of Hauptmann Wirth to Treblinka, 120 km north northeast of Warsaw. The equipment was nearly the same as, but much larger than in Belzec. Eight gas chambers and real mountains of suitcases, textiles, and clothes. In our honour a banquet was given in old German style in the communal room. The meal was simple but everything was available in sufficient quantity. Himmler himself had ordered that the men of these commandos received as much meat, butter and other things, especially alcohol, as they wanted.

Then we drove in the car to Warsaw. I met the secretary of the Swedish legation in Berlin, Baron von Otter in the train when I tried in vain to get a bed in a sleeping car. Still under the immediate impression of the terrible events, I told him everything with the entreaty to inform his government and the Allies of all of this immediately because each day’s delay must cost the lives of further thousands and tens of thousands.

He asked me for a reference, as to which I specified Generalsuperintendent Dr. Otto Dibelius, Berlin, Brüderweg 2, Lichterfelde-West, an intimate friend of the pastor Martin Niemöller and member of the church resistance movement against Nazism. I met Mr. von Otter twice again in the Swedish legation. Meanwhile he had reported to Stockholm and informed me that this report has had considerable influence on Swedish-German relations. At the same time I tried to report to the Papal Nuncio in Berlin. There I was asked if I am a soldier. Then any further conversation with me was refused and I was asked to leave the embassy of His Holiness. While leaving the embassy, I was shadowed by a policeman on a bicycle who shortly passed me, got off, and then absolutely incomprehensibly, let me go.

Then I reported all this to hundreds of personages, among others the company lawyer of the Catholic bishop of Berlin, Dr. Winter, with the special entreaty to forward it to the Holy See. I must also add that SS-Sturmbannführer Günther from the Reichssicherheitshauptamt – I think he is the son of the Race-Günther – again demanded from me very large amounts of prussic acid in early 1944 for a very sinister purpose. On the Kurfürsten-Street in Berlin he showed me a shed in which he intended to store the prussic acid. I consequently explained him that I cannot take sole responsibility. It was approximately several wagon loads, enough to kill millions of people. He told me that he himself doesn’t know whether the poison would still be needed; when, for whom, in which way etc. But it has to be permanently kept available.

Later I often thought about the words of Goebbels. I can believe that they wanted to kill a majority of the German nation, surely including the clergy or the unpopular officers. It should happen in a kind of reading rooms or club rooms, so far as I gathered from the questions re the technical realization that Günther asked me. It could also be that he intended to kill the foreign workers or prisoners of war – I don’t know. In every case I managed to ensure that the prussic acid disappeared for some purpose of disinfection after arrival in the two concentration camps Oranienburg and Auschwitz.

That was somewhat dangerous for me but I could have easily said that the poison had already been in a dangerous condition of decomposition. I am sure that Günther tried to get the poison in order to probably kill millions of persons. It was sufficient for approximately 8 million people, 8,500 kgs. I have authorized invoices for 2,175 kgs. I always allowed the invoices to be authorised in my name, allegedly for the sake of discretion, but in truth because of being free to dispose of the poison and being able to allow it to disappear. Above all I avoided presentation of invoices again and again, delaying payment and putting off companies until later.”

As for the rest I avoided appearing in concentration camps too often because it was sometimes usual to hang people or to carry out executions in honour of the visitors.

All my statements are true, word-for-word. I am fully aware of the extraordinary tragedy of my record before God and the whole of mankind, and take it on my oath that nothing of all this that I have registered has been made-up or invented but everything is exactly the truth.

Kurt Gerstein.



Benjamin Berell Ferencz

Uncategorised Posted on Sun, November 24, 2019 21:48:11

“..One of our companies held out for 40 minutes and another ..for more than 6 hours. ..mine set in ..brushmakers area exploded. Several of our companies attacked the dispersing Germans. Our losses in manpower are minimal. That is also an achievement. Yechiel fell. He fell a hero ..at ..machine gun. I feel that great things are happening and what we dared do is of great ..enormous importance. Beginning from today we shall shift over to ..partisan tactic. Three battle companies will move out tonight ..with two tasks ..reconnaissance and obtaining arms. Do you remember ..short range weapons are of no use to us. We use such weapons only rarely. What we need urgently ..grenades ..rifles ..machine guns ..explosives. It is impossible to describe ..conditions under which the Jews of the ghetto are now living. Only a few will be able to hold out. ..remainder will die sooner or later. Their fate is decided. In almost all ..hiding places in which 1,000’s are concealing themselves it is not possible to light a candle for lack of air. With ..aid of our transmitter we heard ..marvellous report on our fighting by ..Shavit radio station. ..fact that we are remembered beyond ..Ghetto walls encourages us in our struggle. Peace go with you ..my friend. Perhaps we may still meet again. ..dream of my life has risen to become fact. Self defence in ..Ghetto will have been a reality. Jewish armed resistance and revenge are facts. I have been a witness to ..magnificent ..heroic fighting of Jewish men in battle.” Mordechai Anielewicz.

I know many might consider me a Jew, either in consideration of what I say or what I might accuse those perpetrators, bystanders, intolerant or indifferent individuals in relation to The Holocaust. To be honest. You do me a great service when I consider those Jews whose exemplary effort has never waned nor allowed for 6,000,000 Slaughtered Jews to be ignored or become marginalised or become forgotten. In many ways, my work and the very effort to denounce the ability of human beings to commit to such crimes, is in part an appropriate reason why so many suggest I must be a Jew, otherwise why would I bother to write on the subject of The Holocaust of 6,000,000 Jews of Europe.

“..I had no wish to know these defendants as human beings. I did not want to know their Family history or ideology. My evidence of their mass murder would make them answer for their crimes.” Benjamin Berell Ferencz.

Well Humanity has taught me well and that all of human life is worthy and 6,000,000 Jewish extinguished lives are no less worthy than that of any other, persecuted Being, for who they are. While history is forever looking back, and in the case of The Holocaust especially so, and given the magnitude of the atrocity the World came to witness, it would be calamitous for us not to do so. We are right to do so. Many of the questions though, which deal with the fundamental wrongs perpetrated against 6,000,000 Jews, and then with the near total lack of prosecuting terms relating to this, will focus upon what Ben Ferencz encountered as a severe authorative unwillingness to prosecute.

“..authorities do not encourage remembering.” Maja Abramowitch.

In this I have seen in Ben Ferencz that determined willingness to prosecute undermined, and if he was not allowed to indict the many 100,000′ s of Nazi’s, then at least he should have been allowed to proceed against the 3,000 Einsatzgruppe. However, he was instrumental in recognising that these roving bands of killer’s, these mobile killing squads had pretty much signed their own indictment and were for certain prosecution. Sadly though, while many more of those involved in the historical search of the narrative, they merely seem content to control the course of these events and block the very routes to their causes.

“..I feel that I will be able to write much more now because I have come to understand humanity.” Hinde Bergner.

History owes its integrity only to the factual truth and not to those who might inflate, by infusing the false illusion of any Jew being able to rectify the very entrenched position they were in, attempting to remove Hitler from the centre of the narrative itself. There are far too many of these, given over as they are to attaching any of the wrongs still being apportioned, but wrongly toward the Jews of The Holocaust. We need to correct such falsehoods and allow the true state of the atrocity to be firmly fixed at its central core, be that Adolf Hitler, Adolf Hitler and his henchmen or Adolf Hitler and the full collaborative effort that went into ensuring his solution for the Jewish People was fully resolved.

“..Seventy years ago ..after our nation’s German occupation ..Nazi overlords and ..Hungarian authorities that collaborated with them seemed to fulfil ..will of Hitler’s Nazi Germany.” Janos Ader.

Of course there were many Nazi’s who would have assisted certain Jews over a given time and for a given token of profit and gain. But, there can be no doubt here that of 11,293,300 Jews to be identified at The Wannsee Conference, these Jews had no hope of ever gaining a way out from what Hitler had put in place. For them all, The Final Solution of the Jewish Question was what Hitler called for, and it was meant for the complete extinction of Jewish life, wherever any or all of these Jews were met. The call for Justice still calls out from where these Jews were met with their destruction and Ben Ferencz understood that need.

“..In Majdanek and everywhere in Poland. They gave what is ..best in humanity. I have it all ..in my soul ..letters written to me by many. Everything is possible ..in spite of other manifestations. I ..myself have never experienced any animosity toward me and what I represent. There is always ..goodwill and hope.” Halina Birenbaum.

Here, there will be many who will still argue that Poland was merely an integral part of Hitler’s Worldview which saw in War, the expansion of ideals only Hitler proposed. Instead though, Poland was the most vivid embodiment of Jewish life that had ever been recorded, 3,300,000 Polish Jews suggesting that this is so. Then, when the discourse of the continuing World War deflects Hitler’s main efforts away from Moscow and toward Kiev, this is where 150,000 of Kiev’s Jews will be Slaughtered, and in a place called BabiYar. But, are we not accepting that here, Hitler saw the chance to further annihilate at Kiev, ever more Jews linked exclusively to his final resolve to do so.  

“.. first foreign witnesses this week returned to Moscow from what are ..most terrible two acres on earth ..series of ..ravines in ..Lukyanovka district 3 miles northwest of Kiev. ..name Babi Yar ..is going to stink in history. ..name of ..main ravine where ..Russians estimate between 50,000 to 80,000 people were killed and buried during ..25 months of ..German occupation. From what I saw ..convinced that one ..most horrible tragedies in this Nazi era occurred there ..between September 1941 and November 1943.” Bill Downs.

It is not beyond reason to question the continual shifting of emphasis in War, but throughout the entire thrust of battle, the World War II campaign on Continental Europe saw to it that the Jewish People were centre stage. Uppermost in Hitler’s thought processes’, and without exception, was the idea he had set in motion and that was of a programme upon which a destructive course was established for all Jews, and without exception. For that certain reason, we could not have dealt with Hitler on the subject of the Jews, as they remained the sole focus of his entire hatred. There was only one course that steered straight through all that Hitler perceived of while in search of and gaining total power.

“..victory of morality is ..issue in this war. Should we succeed in no more than mitigating ..enemy’s foul design against his most hated victim ..it would amount to partial victory. ..we have arrived at a juncture when we are threatened by grave omission. ..it is a case of putting a stop to boundless ..unscrupulous destruction.” Ernest Frischer.

Hitler’s quest for power was steadied by The Final Solution that would render all Jews destroyed and 6,000,000 Jews of Europe actually were annihilated. Of course there were always those Nazi’s who saw a net gain in tempting the Jews with the seeming lifting of the spectre of total destruction. From the Jews own immediate perspective, and albeit this breathing space could only ever be on a temporary basis for any of them, no Jew knew precisely the time limit given over to their lives. This too is true of the likes of vehement antisemites like Eichmann, whose ‘Blood for Goods’ has pock marked the latter days of The Holocaust.

“..Somewhere near Lublin ..buildings ..constructed. ..thousands ..killed ..in a day ..saving ..trouble ..shooting ..digging mass graves ..filling them in.” Wilm Hosenfeld.

Sickeningly, with every accusation ranged against the Jews that is imaginable, the crime is being forced, in many cases, upon the Jews themselves. But I would put it to any Jew, whilst looking back, would they not deal with the devil himself, and perhaps excluding Hitler, enter into a pact in saving 1, 2 or perhaps a few Jews from extinction. I know, through my time studying and researching our loss of 6,000,000 Jews, improper questions are thrown at the narrative of The Holocaust to accuse the Jews of what the Jews could not stop. That would have been the essential to countering in any trial, established to fight for the memory of the 6,000,000 Jews of The Holocaust, which Ben would bring forth.

“..It will be a disgrace to go on living ..to belong to ..what was known ..what was done by ..Allies human race ..unless immediate steps are taken to put a stop to this crime ..greatest that history has known.” Shmuel Artur Zygielbojm.

The Jews could barely alleviate their own position and while the Jews could no more prevent what was set against them than a World appeared incapable of trying to prevent, Jews are being accused. But here, and it is not for me to remind the Jewish People who are, or who should be their heroes, especially from within or even outside the remit of The Holocaust, but I suggest to them some of those I have encountered along my way. However, I aim merely to inform those of whom I consider are in need of the searches I have made and not those Survivor Jews who know too well who are overlooked or who are and might be the unconsidered heroes.

“..Day in ..day out ..in hundreds of cities throughout Poland ..Russia 1,000’s upon 1,000’s of Jews are ..systematically murdered according to a preconceived plan ..no one .takes our part.” Emanuel Ringelblum.

Some Jews though are the suggested heroes by sheer weight of their effort and for that reason, I look at the efforts of so many in order to relate back to a time where all too many of these Jewish Heroes remained unaware of the fate that had been allocated them. For most of these Jews, and right up to the point of their destruction, their love and sense of Family proved heroic in a compassionate and humanitarian way. More especially for me though, and from amongst the Survivor, who knows who these true heroes are, I have no need in informing them. I reckon by now though, that the Survivor’s are heartily sick of the World bleating about what this Jew did or what that Jew did not do so here I am informing on what Ben Ferencz did do.

“..Survival is a privilege which entails obligations. I am forever asking myself what I can do for those who have not survived. ..answer I have found for myself ..which need not ..be ..answer for every survivor is ..I want to be their mouthpiece ..I want to keep their memory alive ..to make sure ..dead live on in that memory.” Simon Wiesenthal.

For 11,293,300 Jews, these Wannsee Jews, 6,000,000 of whom, at the point of a gun, fully succumbed, we are left to acknowledge, theirs was a unequal task for Survival. Ben Ferencz’s search for truth and through that, a limited aspect of Justice that was to be inadequately provided, leaves the door open to deliver an eventual Justice. Here, and even by the open written admissions of guilt of those 24 Einsatzgruppe kommanders, for whom Ben finally managed to establish his prosecution evidence, a mix of denial and abeyance could not seriously defend them. For Ben though, written into the pages of these Operational Situation Report’s, these memo’s despatched directly to the Hitler desk, calibrated and sketched by those very criminals sitting to the side of Ben, was the damning evidence he required.

“..It is with sorrow ..with hope that we ..disclose ..deliberate slaughter of more than 1,000,000 innocent ..defenceless men ..women ..children. ..tragic fulfilment of a program of intolerance and arrogance. Vengeance is not our goal ..nor do we seek merely a just retribution. We ask this Court to affirm by international penal action man’s right to live in peace and dignity regardless of his race or creed. case we present is a plea of humanity to law.” Benjamin Berell Ferencz.

For as Ben prosecuted these mass Murderer’s for their crimes, their own admission was written in an unconcealed and detailed accounting of those Jews and other’s that they had ritually Slaughtered. As a young prosecutor, Ben was only 26 years old when he first arrived in Nuremberg, May 1946, to become Berlin Director at the Office of the Chief Counsel for War Crimes, and 27 as he stood before the dock of Case 9. Formerly, as Chief of an investigative centre for the International Military Tribunal, the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials, Ben matched his youthful enthusiasm with an unmatched and unwavering dedication. For Ben, he stuck to a duty which yielded more than the justice at the time was meant to deliver.

“..We ourselves decide whether to make ourselves learned or ignorant ..compassionate or cruel ..generous or miserly.” Maimonides.

There were to be 12 subsequent War Crimes Trials after the arraignment of Hitler’s top officials, of which The Einsatz Trial would be subsequent to them. From Concentration Camp to Concentration Camp this Romanian Jewish investigator, born on March 11th. 1920 in the Carpathian Mountains of Transylvania, which then belonged to Romania at the time, was saved from the same fate of the 6,000,000 of his fellow European Jews of The Holocaust. Such a realisation, which must have been unleashed upon his senses, would not allow this rather small Jewish Man to be intimidated by these insignificant aryan masters of life and death over Jews.

“..we travelled 3rd. class because there was no 4th. class.” Benjamin Berell Ferencz.

Already, when Ben and his Family had been forced to move to America, at that time Jews were being caught up in a tug of war with Romania and Hungary, both vying for the territory Ben resided in. The one constant in both of these belligerent countries was their explicit assaults upon Jewish integrity. For this express reason it had forced the hand of Ben’s Family, and without resource they took a ship bound for America in January 1921. Ben, at the age 10 months old, and with his family in tow, moved toward a land that might give them more hope. With Ben, who must have eventually felt the pressure of having been brought out of harm’s way, must have been looking at defendants, who would surely have had him Murdered for being a Jew with an immense sense of vindication.

“..civilisations may change. ..not ..inconceivable that ours may ..turn away from history ..and historians would do well to reflect upon this possibility. If they do not take care ..danger that badly understood history could involve good history in its disrepute. ..should we come to this ..it would be at ..cost of a serious rupture with our most unvarying intellectual traditions.” Marc Bloch.

Money at the time though was an issue for the migrating Ferencz family as they arrived in America, and as Ben records, money became an issue which also faced many in New York. However, after educating himself, there would be an approaching storm to submerge all of Europe in what Hitler intended for the Jews. There would also be a World of War, set to conceal that attempt at mass murder, a screen to divide atrocity from the systematic and sought after destruction armed against Jewish humanity. What would then destroy some 50 to 70 million People would not secrete the 6,000,000 Jews independently targeted.

“..Only after I left Germany was it clear to me that we ..Jews of Germany had been living until 1933 in a fools paradise.” Professor Hermann Zondek.

War though, which would bring Ben back to Europe, would secure for him a clash with such a monstrous deed against his own People, that it appears an alignment of sorts came about which saw to it that he was in the right place at the correct time in History. Here, a morally ethical idealist Ben avowed to end the blight of War while he fully sought to know, what was then emerging as the greatest atrocity ever conceived, how far mankind has tumbled down the table of civilising influence. Ben clearly saw the evidence of such a diabolical atrocity for himself, and in the pages directly in front of him, it was clarified.

“..horrible sight ..I encountered during ..trip was a visit to a German internment camp near Gotha. ..things I saw beggar description. While I was touring ..camp I encountered ..3 men who had been inmates and by one ruse or another had made their escape. I interviewed them through an interpreter. ..visual evidence and ..verbal testimony of starvation ..cruelty and bestiality were so overpowering as to leave me ..sick. In one room ..where they were piled up 20 ..30 naked men ..killed by starvation ..George Patton would not even enter. He said that he would get sick if he did so. I made ..visit deliberately ..in order to be in a position to give first hand evidence of these things if ever ..in ..future ..there develops a tendency to charge these allegations merely to propaganda.” General Dwight David Eisenhower.

For Ben, as he was fully dedicated to unravelling the atrocity’s targeted against all opponents of Hitler’s, and while not realising the full extent of The Holocaust catastrophe, 6,000,000 stilled voices must have raged out at him from their final resting place. Through the full extent of the carnage, as the undiluted atrocity was as yet to fully emerge, humanity was being confronted with the graven image of man’s inhumanity to mankind. Today, and while we are aware that such is the enormous level of this catastrophe, which could never be prosecuted, Ben set about his arduous task with purpose and a driven desire to see to it that the very level of the catastrophe was prosecuted enormously.

“..Someone who was not there could never really grasp how unreal ..situation was. I once saw Displaced Persons beat an SS man and then strap him to ..steel gurney of a crematorium. They slid him in ..oven ..turned on ..heat and took him back out. Beat him again ..and put him back in until he was burnt alive. I did nothing to stop it. I suppose I could have brandished my weapon or shot in ..air ..but I was not inclined to do so. Does that make me an accomplice to murder. ” Benjamin Berell Ferencz.

Meanwhile, there began a sequence of newsreel footage that was appearing with a glimpse into what hell must have been for so many Jews of Europe. For those General’s like Eisenhower, Bradley and Patton, all wanting not only to inform the World of what Hitler’s Germany had infested humanity with, but set about ensuring that no future doubt could ever be cast over what had been perpetrated in what amounted to Crimes Against Humanity. As these Hitler led atrocities were continually uncovered, the serving Ben Ferencz was being transferred to the formative investigative office of the US Armies own War Crimes Branch.

“..murders ..committed ..rights ..defendants violated belong to all men everywhere. ..nationality of ..victim ..time and place of crime do not impugn this jurisdiction. ..Where conduct menaces ..universal social order ..there can be ..no prohibition on ..right of courts to act. No law has ever prohibited ..trial by any court of crimes such as we shall here disclose. Piracy and brigandage were ..forerunners of modern international crimes. International jurisprudence soon gave states ..right to punish these violators regardless of ..victim’s nationality or ..location of ..crime. ..applied in time of war or peace. ..long ..accepted ..belligerent may punish ..enemy forces in its custody who have violated ..laws ..customs of war.” Benjamin Berell Ferencz.

Ben was merely 3 years out of graduating from Harvard Law School, and here he was assessing his inexperience as a learning curve he could never have thought possible. But here he was, before the most cruel and vindictive, murderous genocidal force in all of history, and he was ready to lead 50 other’s from his team with the sole effort of the direct condemnation of all our humanity that could be aimed against just 24 of these mass Murderer’s. In seeking to prosecute as many of the guilty as he could, and for the sake of the nameless Jews who could no longer seek the Justice they deserved, barely a modicum of some form of justice did emerge.

“..seared into my memory are ..scenes I witnessed while liberating these centres of death and destruction. Camps like Buchenwald ..Mauthausen ..Dachau ..vividly imprinted in my mind’s eye. Even today ..when I close my eyes ..I witness a deadly vision I can never forget ..crematoria aglow with ..fire of burning flesh ..mounds of emaciated corpses stacked like cordwood waiting to be burned. ..I had peered into Hell.” Benjamin Berell Ferencz.

For his pains Ben interviewed some of the most despicable people in all of history in his attempt to Prosecute their obvious inhumanity toward their fellow man. Before him lay the biggest murder trial in all of history and this young prosecutor, charged with indicting and then prosecuting 24 mass murderer’s was not overawed by the prospect. Here before History, stood a form of human being who would, eventually, be charged with the most systematic Slaughter of 1,250,000 Jewish People ever conceived of. Even though the number of Murdered Jews was and will never be known, the daunting detail of the atrocity before Ben, written into the osr pages, stifled all appreciation of the immense scale of the Slaughter.

“..you can die once ..twice ..even 7 times ..but you can’t die a 1,000 times. I can. My underground cells reach everywhere.” Dan Pagis.

Ben, who was still only 27 years old as he stood at the prosecuting podium at this trial, and remembering this was Ben’s first criminal case, no one could imagine that the pressure did not unduly affect Ben at work. Of course, there was a great expectation from World Jewry, a hope for Humanity and the search within far reaches of a justice system that would fail to ever meet with 6,000,000 Jewish losses, would still deliver an exemplary prosecution. I remember too that what Dan Pagis recorded, seared into his own memory, would be what is the actual experience of being gripped by The Holocaust that Ben, nor I could fully appreciate.

“..witnesses might prove unreliable. Those who would testify against any of these defendants would be blinded by pain and rage. I would not need them. I would hang this murderous gang by their own documents.” Benjamin Berell Ferencz.

Dan Pagis, as another transported Romanian Jew, and though this particular Jew had Survived the Camp system and with that The Holocaust itself, for me, his memory adds deeper to the accusation of what these defendants were never going to admit to. Anyway, I am never quite certain whether any Jew could truly survive such an experience without its lasting effects tormenting them. So, as we take the lesson’s of ‘Never Again’ from out of a hell on Earth so as to teach us, it is imperative that we listen, learn and act from the words of Dan Pagis and the Script of Ben Ferencz. In any assessment then, if 6,000,000 Jews could die a 1,000 times, I would assess Jewish pain and suffering will never dissipate, will never become resolved and will never be forgotten.

“..Nuremberg taught me that creating a world of tolerance and compassion would be a long and arduous task. And I also learned that if we did not devote ourselves to developing effective world law ..same cruel mentality that made ..Holocaust possible might one day destroy ..entire human race.” Benjamin Berell Ferencz.

In the approaching 1,000 millennia, in any attempt at coming to terms with what can never ever be comprehended, History will look as crucially at what was done to the Jews of The Holocaust in as much the same way as with what was not done to assist these Jewish People. For Ben though, the legal objective had always been to ensure the conviction of these mass murderer’s. Alongside that commitment too, it was Ben’s personal demands to secure a better future for all that drove his humanitarian grasp for change forward. That which he placed ahead of his own personal enmity, and toward these educated killer’s, was a humanity the Einsatz kommanders had not recognised in their assault upon the integrity of 1,250,000 Jews.

“..I was reprimanded because I could not comply with various restrictions. ..Here ..there were enormous crimes committed against humanity and no punishment for it. People being killed ..burned and ..voice of God kept silent. ..I in view of ..atrocities against mass murderers. No illusion was left. Nothing happened that would shudder ..world to ..core.” Halina Birenbaum.

For Ben to establish a legal precedent that would encourage a more humane and secure world for the future, he had to overcome the scent of evil permeating the legal process ahead of him. Ben, who worked tirelessly with the prospect of these vastly well educated men demanding more questions than he had answers for, could not be convinced that he would secure the level of punishment they deserved. The discomfort for him, dealing with those who acted without humanity, always demanded their treatment with his humanity. For these who acted illegally, and expected every inch of the legal process to treat them somewhat regally, they received every legal process afforded them.

“..charge of purposeful homicide in which this case reaches such fantastic proportions and surpasses such credible limits that believability must be bolstered with assurance a 100 times over.” Nuremberg Tribunal.

While Ben had always felt that the immediate death sentence of all these Murderer’s would satiate an immediate demand, it would never serve the legal process in civilising terms. Though Ben was morally conflicted by the dilemma before him, it drove him forward in the hope of understanding how educated people can act outside those moral and ethical thought processes. The foundation of all understanding, which education must deliver to a normal person’s intellectual grasp, was cast aside in a fit of hate and atrocity. But Ben drove this prosecution forward knowing the World was watching with a mixture of doubt as to such a capacity to kill and a despair that indeed such mass Murder was accomplished.

“..decided that of 3,000 Einsatzgruppe they were aware of ..just 24 ..highest ranking commanders would be indicted simply because there was not enough room in ..dock.” Benjamin Berell Ferencz.

What 6,000,000 Jews had faced, doubting what would be a final encounter with all existence, the World was now asking how this could have happened. A World which pretty much knew, for the entire period of the genesis forming, graduating and escalating terms of The Holocaust, what was emerging for 6,000,000 Jews of Europe was utter devastation. What had emerged at the earlier International Nuremberg Tribunal adjudged that those who perpetrated the most heinous crimes in all of history must, without equivocation, face such punitive measures that their fullest extinction must be ratified into law.

“..These four Einsatzgruppe ..as they would exist in Russia ..or as they would operate in ..Balkans and certainly as they scourged ..Baltic States ..amounted to some 3,000 ethnic Germans. Each Einsatz or Sonder unit operating with a central core of between 500 – 900 members ..overriding need for local assistance ..support from ..Militia ..Field Gendarmerie ..Wehrmacht compliance and Waffen SS participation ..destruction of ..Jewish Race was almost assured.” Patrick Dempsey.

When I contrast this statement of Ben’s, with what I would refer to in my own book, der Einsatzgruppe and the Destruction of European Jewry, that as we witness the close cooperation between Hitler’s cohorts, an assurance of The Final Solution would deliver toward The Jewish Question, the complete evisceration of 6,000,000 Jews. So as to bolster the demands placed upon 3,000 murderous Einsatz individuals, every cog in the wheel of The Third Reich turned with a single motion, a motive Hitler allowed for the German people to adopt, adapt and exercise with mass murder. Perhaps here too, Ben Ferencz was right, in that space played a hand in indicting merely 24 Mass Murderer’s instead of the 3,000 protagonist murderer’s and their assisting killer squads.

“..I got witness statements ..going into a village where ..an American pilot had parachuted ..been beaten to death ..line everyone ..against ..wall and inform anyone who lied would be shot. ..never occurred to me that statements taken under duress would be invalid.” Benjamin Berell Ferencz.

While we measure the space capable of holding 3,000 Murderer’s to account, we cannot even define the space which has detained 6,000,000 Human Beings, Murdered because they were Jews. Literally, the court room space which was needed to be large enough to confront all 3,000 mass murderer’s, could not be arranged. So one can sense the immediate frustration of Ben as he tackled the need for Justice with what seemed to him an emptying gesture. Think too of the number that will be presented to you in this short piece, those who faced Ben, and know this as a huge missed opportunity to prosecute all who were guilty. This clearly leaves us empty so as to know the failure of justice as it is perceived here.

“..records ..incomplete as they are ..reveal ..deeds of men ..women who said nay heroically. ..Were they profound believers in truth and justice. ..idealists ..basically ..religious ..humanitarians. They were all of these and more. Our surviving civilisation owes these people ..grateful recognition they so richly deserve.” Dr. Philip Friedman.

Only 22 of the defendants stood before the scales and rigors of justice as both Rasch, unfit and Graf was released having served time. The remainder were all found guilty to varying degrees with 13 of these sentenced to death, 2 were sentenced to life terms, and 5 received sentences that ranged from 10 to 20 years. One of the guilty was immediately released with time served. Ultimately, only 4 of these 13 death sentences were carried out. One other death sentence was delivered by a Belgian Court. The varying sentences of all of the other defendants, all convicted mass murderers, were later commuted or reduced and mostly exonerated by this travesty.

“..She never grew up. She will be a 6 year child forever. A talented girl who taught herself to read. She was gassed 75 days after her 6th. Birthday ..June 3rd. 1944. ..there can be no justification. I will be there for Evika ..for all ..others who were murdered. I want to understand.” Judith Kalman.

The sheer scale of atrocity being investigated, becoming unveiled and still allowed to remain detached from the weight of World War II, exposed the entire World to an intolerable indifference that still is troubling to this day. But for the here and now at a Court sitting, it is largely down to a pugnacious Benjamin Ferencz, who found and deciphered the importance of the Operational Situation Reports, of these Murder squads, that was to lead to the prosecution of these 24 der Einsatzgruppe Kommanders. These peculiar osr’s, an accounting detail of mass Slaughter were discovered by Ben at the Gestapo Headquarters in Berlin on September 3rd. 1945.

“..perpetrators should be brought to trial ..in spite of age ..not as a vengeance ..but as a lesson and warning for ..future.” Yitzhak Arad.

#01) SS Gruppenfuhrer Dr. Professor Otto Ohlendorf, Kommander Einsatzgruppe D, Death sentence, ‘Red Jacket Murderer,’ Hanged June 8th. 1951.

02) SS Brigadefuhrer Heinz Jost, Kommander Einsatzgruppe A, Life sentence, released 1951.

#03) SS Brigadefuhrer Erich Naumann, Kommander Einsatzgruppe B, Death sentence, ‘Red Jacket Murderer,’ Hanged June 8th. 1951.

04) SS Brigadefuhrer Otto Rasch, Kommander Einsatzgruppe C, unfit for Trial.

05) SS Brigadefuhrer Erwin Schulz, Kommander Ek5, Einsatzgruppe C, sentence 20 years, released 1955.

06) SS Brigadefuhrer Professor Franz Six, Kommander Ek7e, Vorkommando Moscow, Einsatzgruppe B, 20 years, released 1952.

#07) SS Standartenfuhrer Paul Blobel, Kommander Sk4a, Einsatzgruppe C, Death sentence, ‘Red Jacket Murderer,’ Hanged June 8th. 1951.

08) SS Standartenfuhrer Dr. Walter Blume, Kommander Sk7a, Trupp Smolensk, Einsatzgruppe B, Death sentence, released 1955.

09) SS Standartenfuhrer Martin Sandberger, Kommander Sk1a, Einsatzgruppe A, Death sentence, released 1957.

10) SS Standartenfuhrer Willi Seibert, Ohlendorf’s Deputy then Kommander Einsatzgruppe D, Death sentence, released 1955.

11) SS Standartenfuhrer Eugen Steimle, Kommanded both Sk7a, Einsatzgruppe B and Sk4a, Einsatzgruppe C, Death sentence, released 1954.

12) SS Obersturmbannfuhrer Pastor Ernst Bieberstein, Kommander Ek6, Einsatzgruppe C, Death sentence, released 1958.

#13) SS Obersturmbannfuhrer Werner Braune, Kommander Sk11b, Einsatzgruppe D, Death sentence, ‘Red Jacket Murderer,’ Hanged June 8th. 1951.

14) SS Obersturmbannfuhrer Walter Haensch, Kommander Sk4b, Einsatzgruppe C, Death sentence, released 1955.

15) SS Obersturmbannfuhrer Gustav Adolf Nosske, Kommander Ek12, Einsatzgruppe D, Life sentence, released 1951.

16) SS Obersturmbannfuhrer Adolf Ott, Kommander Sk7b, Einsatzgruppe B, Death sentence, released 1958.

17) SS Obersturmbannfuhrer Eduard Strauch, Kommander each of Sk1b, Sk1c and Ek2, Einsatzgruppe A, Death sentence, Butcher of Minsk, died a lunatic, 1955.

18) SS Sturmbannfuhrer Emil Haussmann, Kommander Ek12, Einsatzgruppe D, suicide 1947.

19) SS Sturmbannfuhrer Waldemar Klingelhoefer, Kommander Einsatzgruppe B, Kommander of both Sk7b and Ek7e, Einsatzgruppe B, Death sentence, released 1956.

20) SS Sturmbannfuhrer Lothar Fendler, Deputy Kommander Sk4b, Einsatzgruppe C, sentence 10 years, released 1951.

21) SS Sturmbannfuhrer Waldemar von Radetzky, Deputy Kommander Sk4a, Einsatzgruppe C, sentence 20 years, released 1951.

22) SS Hauptsturmfuhrer Felix Ruehl, Deputy Kommander Sk10b, Einsatzgruppe D, sentence 10 years, released 1951.

23) SS Obersturmfuhrer Heinz Schubert, Kommander Einsatzgruppe D, Death sentence, released 1951.

24) SS Oberscharfuhrer Matthias Graf, Deputy Kommander Einsatzgruppe C, served Ek6, Einsatzgruppe C, released 1948.

“..if we had wanted an injustice we simply would have killed them in ..beginning.” Benjamin Berell Ferencz.

Sadly, as the days have now turned into decades since the guilty have faced the humanitarian concerns of a World, now removed from the immediacy of some of the most despicable crimes ever recorded, lessons have yet to be learned. Along with the sheer significance of Ben’s find, a paper trail which became evidently apparent to Ben and his team of 50, what then led to the only War Crimes Trial dedicated to the Slaughter of 6,000,000 Jews in their Final Solution, should never allow for Justice to ever end. Also, while it cannot ever be underestimated what any evidence the Russians might have then withheld, we know from the osr’s alone the sheer scale of the Murderous undertaking. If these osr’s had only been any or every part of the documentation being discovered, Ben Ferencz and his Team have laid down the foundation stone for World Justice, still to be maintained.

“..In ohlendorfs’s case I am completely convinced ..he believed in necessity and rightness of what he was doing. ohlendorf did not picture himself as a ruthless killer. Nor should he be made to appear as an ordinary felon or madman. He was a man of great intellect and dedication. He was one of ..very few tried at Nuremberg who appeared to be telling ..truth.” Benjamin Berell Ferencz.



My Page on The Holocaust

Uncategorised Posted on Tue, November 12, 2019 20:21:10

This is My page. These are the pages which I am solely responsible for. From time to time I extract from those who know better than I, what The Holocaust truly means. For me, that is the Survivor, or just as importantly, those Jews wholly consumed within the Catastrophe for the 6,000,000 Jews of Europe. Other than that, I have given my all, without consideration to myself while not realising I have given more than I thought.

I have accepted the abuse, rolled with the accusations and sought to ignore the serious threats made against me because this work is far more important. All is truly worth its risk, given what 6,000,000 Jewish People and their dismissal from life no longer enables them to enjoy. But! And when we arrive at a point where I am being called an antisemite, and a defender of nazis’s, and by Jews here, I am so worn down by this, I am shocked, hurt and very much deflated.

This really is Not me though. I cannot be worn down by others whose own opinion, knowledge or even awareness differs from my own. For me, it is essential that you all know why I am here, and these are the 6,000,000 very distinct Jewish reasons I explore and research. As I attempt to bring out of the past and into our future any of those still unnamed though I am mindful of, that there are perhaps 4,500,000 Jews who are names and who are known.

One of these Murdered, and known of course, is a 4 year old Jewish Girl, Tovah ‘Tokele’ Olshak, Murdered in Sokoly by local antisemites. Tokele, for whom I have once sought an emotional detachment, that will not materialise, and this is due in no small part to the sheer empathy and attachment I have for her. For that very reason I have always sought out from so many questions, and from those Survivor’s who I would ask to reach back and, if given any opportunity, retrieve but one from the past to stand before us.

Simple enough for me as this would be Tokele every time. But when I ask of any Jew to consider this, I am very troubled. While I accept that the Survivor would bring back one of their own back, there are some who would balk at the very fact of a Jew managing to save any one of their own. There is enough hatred in this World for the Jewish People without any Jew seeking to differ in disagreement with another Jew over any issue.

For me, I have thrown my own sense of grief, through loss, into this to approach for an empathy with such a collosal loss which no one can ever understand what this, The Holocaust grief must surely mean. From my introduction to Tokele’s story, I was reached by a Survivor who actually knew her and a more immediate connenction was made for me with the past I have been searching for. Imagine then as I reached Treblinka and without prior awareness, a stone stood in front of me with Sokoly, the Town where Tokele had been Murdered, was written on in Remembrance.

Some might see in this a fate that somehow set me toward meeting with Tokele’s past in order to deliver much of the accusation that is 6,000,000 Murdered Jews strong. As I look, as I search and as I take in the fuller catastrophe that confronts every Jew to this day, I reflect heavily upon its effect on my person. Seriously, I measure myself in such terms as would defie anyone not to sink, but I am neither depressed nor a depressive.

When I was diagnosed with Cancer, it was quite simple and that it was a Surgeon’s skill, and not really a problem for him to cut it out, and he did. I knew me! But work impacts on how such things are perceived and while I got through recovery, knowing depression was Never a part of my make up, other’s wondered if I had simply submerged it with other’s scale of grief?

Then, when I entered a study as to why I then contracted Diabetes, there was no way they were going to convince me that depression had gotten to me. I guess though, immersed in the struggle to search for so many answers, has clearly marked me in ways I had never imagined. So today. I cannot work in any professional capacity as reading, and even writing, is proving problematic in an attention span of demands.

Here I am then, in a race against time to get everything I want to do and achieve and I cannot envisage yet another struggle responding to accusations from those who truly should know my only, sincere and focused intention is with 6,000,000 stilled Jewish voices calling out from a past still wishing to leave them behind. Originally, I know I had 6 Books to be written which could represent 6,000,000 Slaughtered if each one of those Books represented 1,000,000 sales each. Oh the flush of youth.

I realise now that not even 6,000 Books could reach that particualr milestone of a simple Book representing the life of every single Jew now lost to humanity. But here and now I am presented with an ultimatum, and I am not prepared to desist nor give in to what remains still visible to me, the words yet to emanate for 6,000,000 still expecting. I merely have tired eyes and my mind is more than filled with all the Books I need to complete, and in as quick a time as I can.

There remains 6,000,000 Jews who expect nothing less from my promise to commit to their memory than I will deliver. So I need your help. This will be my work, both professionally and intentionally from here on in. It is hoped that you can remind anyone with an interest, that as I write I will need to continually sell all my work to get closer to where I always hoped to be.

What would represent the memory and accusation I have spent more than 25 years delivering needs to come sooner rather than later. I will never tire, never concede and never give up on what 6,000,000 Murdered Jews call on me to present. What I hope also is, in being able to respond to serious questions without having to defend why I have given Everything to help you learn what I am learning, you appreciate I am merely acting as a conduit for what I would imagine 6,000,000 voices might say.

The Truth of what happened to 6,000,000 Jews of Europe, why the World allowed this all to happen, and how we need to come to terms with the incomprehensible, spurs me on. I need to explore the certain hatred that is measured out against some Jews within the Catastrophe for what was out of their full remit to alter. We can all see too many demons when the first and original demon was a man hell bent on supplying History with a term such as The Holocaust. A term we must recognise was originally classified as The Final Solution of the Jewish Question, die Endlosung der Judenfrage, an annihilation process for the Jewish People.



Smoke Over The Death Camps

Uncategorised Posted on Wed, October 30, 2019 20:06:16

“..For a variety of reasons ..women’s situation was a good deal worse than that of ..men ..physical endurance ..coupled with work more arduous and degrading ..agonies of disrupted families ..and ..haunting presence of ..crematoria ..located right in ..middle of ..women’s camp ..inescapable ..undeniable ..ungodly smoke rising ..to contaminate every day ..every night ..every moment of respite or illusion ..every dream and timorous hope.” Primo Levi.
Two very striking books, amongst the many 1,000’s which have been written on the subject of The Holocaust resonate with what I wish to state here. While both are titled Smoke Over Birkenau, by Liana Millu and Seweryna Szmaglewska, they both have a wider exposition than just that for Birkenau. While I have no negative contention with either of these Books, well written discourses on the horror of Birkenau, I profess much more emphasis should be placed upon the smoke which permeated the areas surrounding all 6 of the Death Camps in Poland. While outside the front doors of the non-Jewish Polish population, the smell of burning of Jewish existence, the scent of the destruction of Jewish life and the visible signs of the cremation process for possibly 4,500,000 Jews of Europe was all too obvious to resident, traveller or passing observer to have been borne in such silence.
“..long believed that much of Jewish history ought to be rewritten in terms of ..pioneering services ..Jews ..forced to render by ..circumstances of their history.” Salo W. Baron.
While whole community’s would automatically qualify what they saw, what they smelled and what they even heard, and these community’s would then relay this evidence to anyone capable of listening, the lack of such testimony gives scant regard to the human despair being so callously ignored. While the information route certainly extended to the catholic church in Poland, knowing everything the local catholic population knew was a priestly business, this would then be relayed from parish to bishopric and on into the vatican itself. What is obvious however, and from this juncture alone, is that christian morality had declined to counter the atrocity on the very doorstep where faith professed all allegiance to christian charity. For what a failed ethics had sought to ignore in their midst, humanity bears a burden of having to reconcile the degeneracy of faith with the hatred laid before it.
“..For all I knew ..I could be out ..back door ..they out ..front ..running to ..police ..to tell them ..Jews had returned to Buczacz. You never knew if a neighbour was about to turn on you ..plenty had.” Alicia Appleman-Jurman.
But just as history is refuted by some, over the very usage of the varying terms employed, it is essential to maintain a position which does not allow for the alteration of any of the proven facts which history has delivered direct to our own front door. For me, that essential, which ensures I will never unuse a term, either to refute the history I know to be true, or to allow my own words to detract from that historical integrity, is accusing of the massive loss to humanity of 6,000,000 Jews rendered lifeless in this uniquely engineered Slaughter. It would appear, from much that is emerging in many Eastern European countries, is the tendency today to simply seek to alter what has been an historical truth, all because of its less accepting tone or its confrontation with the reality it presents. For those said countries, who wish to now negate the very narrative of The Holocaust search we are engaged in, they cannot simply alter history’s course.
“..Auschwitz may be 100’s of kilometers from Hungary but it is part of Hungarian history. ..This Death Camp was ..scene of ..inhumane suffering ..humiliation and death of nearly 500,000 of our compatriots.” Janos Ader.
Any effort, to take away responsibility from the very integrity of the truth it presents will relegate all history to a slurry of infertile words and misdirected occasions. The safeguarding of The Holocaust must therefore assure that we can and should not allow any form of bias, or more especially discrimination, against any proven fact which is disagreeable to those seeking to subvert it. Lies must not be enabled to gain ground ahead of the implicit intention to record what is therefore true. It is exactly the case, as with Lord Russell in his Book, Scourge of the Swastika, that his wording is an identification with the ‘Polish Death Camps’ as they were clearly an identified positioning of a geographical placing. So while these written words exist, they must be upheld as they were conceived and nothing must ever be allowed to distract from that truth as it was then presented.
“..on ..Umschlagplatz ..history of Polish Jews came to an end ..arrested and seemingly terminated.” Jaroslaw Marek Rymkiewicz.
No one in History attributes the intention of the Death Camps, or the entire killing apparatus in The Holocaust for that matter, to other than Hitler, his lackey’s and those who collaborated their wish to gain in power or wealth from the destruction of European Jewry. It is perfectly clear that today’s clamour, for what should wholly transfix the truth, cannot move the placement of the atrocity that took place in Poland elsewhere. What seeks to catapult the Jews, perhaps 4,500,000 of them, including 3,000,000 of whom were Polish Jews, away from where they were murdered, within the confines of the Polish borders, is an effort aimed at not recognising that all of these Jews were murdered in Poland. This apparent intention not only corrupts the very destruction of these Jewish People but places their presence into some form of an abstraction which will slowly disguise their actual and final space of confinement.
“..Recognition of ..truth ..whole truth and opening ones heart and sharing ..experiences is necessary to stop ..evil ..to gel rid of ..aggression ..hate and ..prejudice. To convey ..Auschwitz truth is a great lesson. ” Halina Birenbaum.
This will only disadvantage any historical perspective that is to be gained from what truth must always know it corroborates. However, and from comments that are being made to distort facts and bend them to a bias we must not recognise, we simply cannot alter this statement by Lord Russell so as to facilitate a polish governments frenzy for the revision of the factual truth. The very fact that all x6 Death Camps were established in Poland does not conspire to make history adopt other than the truth, nor that these are other than Hitler constructs, manned by Hitler’s forces, and their collaborator’s, and intended to destroy all of European Jewry. This does nor preclude any other people’s from the atrocity, merely that they exist outside The Holocaust that was clearly designd strategically for the Slaughter of European Jewry.
“..That there has been and is being considered in Hitler’s headquarters a plan to exterminate all Jews from Germany and German controlled areas in Europe after they have been concentrated in ..East. ..numbers involved is said to be between 3,500,000 and 4,000,000 and ..object to permanently settle ..Jewish Question in Europe.” Dr. Gerhart Riegner.
Of course there were others who were killed alongide the Jewish intended, though they remain devolved from The Final Solution of the Jewish Question because they were not Jews. Also, and more specifically, history does not suggest other than these 6 Death Camps were fully established by Hitler for his hate filled intentions for the Jewish People. While Hitler’s cronies administered all of these death facility’s, and admittedly profitted greatly from them, all too many non-Jewish Polish locals profitted also. There is no way of judging the complexion of all of this without stating that all of the Death Camps were built within the confines of Poland. None the less, what cannot be altered by the semantics of want for change, is now measured in the destructive capacity of these industrial murder factory’s. That very truth must remain central to the integrity of all historical accuracy in the search for comprehending the entire catastrophe.
“..There have been Hitlers everywhere and at all times ..it is Germany’s shame that so miserable a figure could become her leader. In order to germinate ..seed of Nazism had to find a favourable soil ..it found it in ..German Reich and ..Germans ..such as they had become in their political ..spiritual economic and social history.” Wilhelm Roepke.
What then forced the Jews into the pathway which led directly to their annihilation, or even directed the perpetrator’s to act with such disregard for all of humanity, is both contentious and problematic. Also, and when it is not totally accurate to relate the loss in human terms to the very capacity of the Death Camps to deal in their murderous effort, we step aside from statistical awareness to take a glimpse at the human tragedy to be witnessed. Also, and while the very terms of any fact must never be dulled by an over sensitivity to what was measured out to these 6,000,000 Jews of Europe, the veracity of this truth must be borne and worn by those who study and research History. We bolster our remembrance too, of all of these Jews by acknowledging that we become witnesses to what testimony has been left on our pages and as such, we must take up from where the Survivor leaves off and requires us to continue in their name.
“..Ponar is not a ..Camp. Jews ..shot there. Hitler plans to destroy all ..Jews of Europe ..Jews of Lithuania ..first in line. ..We must not go like sheep to ..slaughter!” Abba Kovner.
Here, that very assertion for remembrance so easily applies to Abba Kovner as he made his resistance cry, and toward the Jews of Vilna who should not go like sheep to the slaughter to a place like Ponar. What was known then of Ponar was known throughout the World of intelligence gathering, and still nothing was applied either to assist the Jews nor stem the blood flow of Jewish loss. For me, and it is patently obvious that the Jews, educated, polished, naieve in many senses, could not know what had been building in Hitler’s warped view was their annihilation. Even though a Ponary Woods stood outside the Towns and Villages of Jewish existence, what would eventually result in their being 6,000,000 less Jews at the end of World War II, could not be imagined. How could it considered then when we have difficulty coming to terms with the knowledge of its very enactment.
“..present destruction of Europe would not be complete and thorough had ..German people not accepted freely ..Nazi plan ..participated voluntarily in its execution and ..profited greatly therefrom” Raphael Lemkin.
While it is true that the World knew that Hitler was gaining ground politically, they also sensed his hatred for the Jewish People was growing commensurate with that. Yet the World failed to both acknowledge Hitler’s latent and brutal nature, telegraphed and evidenced on so many occasions, but the World also ignored its causal effects when it fell upon the very Jews he fully sought to annihilate. Not even Hitler himself envisaged that this capacity of destruction, from way back in the 1900’s was ever to become achievable. Nor am I alone in considering that in the early 1930’s, when he was gaining the power necessary where he could offer up his final solution, would the depth of the purge reach out and slaughter 6,000,000 Jews. However, as Hitler’s rise to power gained ground, and his ability to derail much of humanity from its moral and ethical base, as he struck deeper and deeeper at Jewish existence, Jewish life now begins to recede toward oblivion.
“..Night was falling. ..shadows softly settling on ..Earth promised rest and oblivion. We had gotten through another day. ..what would ..next one bring.” Liana Millu.
If we are then to proscribe to Hitler, what he finally managed to achieve, then during his race toward The Final Solution, the Jewish abandonment at Evian becomes pivotal. On July 6th. 1938, when 29 of the 33 Nations who were invited to this conference, and who actually turned up, each nation sought to evade their human responsibility in the approaching storm. As 250,000 Germans are continuously abused for being Jews, the World of nations took no steps to alleviate Jewish concerns which in turn bolstered Hitler’s resolve to act with apparent impunity. What we meet here and discuss, as the growing crisis for Jews under Hitlers yoke strangles further the Jewish ability to manouvre, and while Hitler was well along that measured route and toward the enormous atrocity that will be exhibited before history, we abandoned the Jewish People.
“..I remember sort of being yanked out of our flat and being ordered to march to ..space in ..open in ..town and there we were separated ..Men ..Women ..Children ..stood there in ..bitter cold November night ..me wearing short trousers.” Bernd Koschland.
Here is the human failure to act, aligned as it becomes to the inhuman action which progressed toward its final conclusion and 6,000,000 Jews of Europe will be consigned to their fate. What is most explicit as a final solution for 6,000,000 of Europe’s Jews emerges is what we now see in the Jewish murdered at Kristallnacht, and what amounts to a seeming World acquiesence. As Hitler surveys the remnants of burned out Synagogues as he himself evidenced it, then a steady progression away from the rhetoric of hatred and toward the savage brutality of its enactment is being fully orchestrated by Hitler. Tragically, at this moment in time, the World is more prepared for what is yet to emerge than even the Jews of Germany are aware of. As the Jews then, of both Germany and Austria, and finally all of Europe belatedly awake to realise, we now survey the land where hatred is feeding into a clamour for such widespread Slaughter.
“..German authorities ..now carrying into effect Hitler’s ..intention to exterminate ..Jewish people in Europe.” American State Department.
That the horrifying reality is descending upon the Jewish People, many of whom are slowly awakening to the dire situation they find themselves, all too many are powerless to do anything about it. Who could ever adjudge the barbarity that was to come, let alone the fuller extent to the open genocidal intention that was released. True, those Jews who suffered at the hands of the Nazi’s at this period, all of whom are left with Family’s so traumatised by the Murder’s, are more significant in number immediately after Kristallnacht. It is becoming clear, and how could the sensibly reasoned Jews believe this was anything other than isolated assaults upon individuals, and it not necessarily raged against them for being Jews. Though the night of ‘Broken Glass’ brought about what was evidently an enactment of brutal assault and murder aimed solely at People because they were Jews, this cannot be taken in isolation.
“..There are some important things to keep in mind. Our Rabbi ..who played a great role in my growth and development ..refused to leave Germany ..but ..knew exactly what was going on. Much like a captain refusing to abandon ship ..he stayed. Also ..Hamburg was not at this time antisemitic. ..Nazis had to import people from southern Germany to do their dirty work in destroying Hamburg’s synagogues. ..people in Hamburg would not destroy anything ..not lay a finger on ..Jewish buildings. ..After Kristallnacht ..we moved to a Spanish ..Portuguese synagogue. It was not completely orthodox but we were able to make changes to make it work for us. We were ..only place in Germany that was still able to worship in a synagogue after Kristallnacht took place.” Hugo Eichelberg.
For the murdered Jews of Berlin, Cologne, Dresden, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Kiel, Munich, Nuremberg, why would we not see and compare these murders with all the other murders elsewhere in the Reich at this precise moment and that were attached to the Jewish presence, and who had fully succumbed to such an assault. For me, for History for all other historians, the benefit of hindsight open the eyes to what now appears obvious but would seem so out of character for civilised humanity. Perhaps though, with some 50,000 Jewish Men, who are now taken in Germany and deported to a number of Concentration Camps, the like of Buchenwald, Dachau, Flossenburg and Sachsenhausen, these become synonymous with what will eventually emerge as industrialised killing sites, the Death Camps. Maybe too the Jewish People are awakening to the fact that is so evident to the World, that they might begin to consider there is now a concerted effort that Hitler has ranged against them.
“..fact that certain attempts may have miscaried does not justify abandoning effort. It is ..business of research to introduce more accuracy and exactness into these distinctions.” Marc Bloch.
So when we arrive at the these places for the murdered Jews in Poland, and this occured immediately as Hitler crosses his forces into Poland, September 1st. 1939, the progress is escalating. This initial assault upon the integrity of a Polish Jewish presence, was not merely prepatory for the final annihilation of all of European Jewry, it was a preparation for the Jewish consciousness to get to grips with their immediate dillema. Time harbours so many forms of identification that we perhaps too easily see what was not evident at the time. We react toward what overcame the Jewish People with a mixture of disbelief and evn incredulity when we cannot know what sanctioned their apparent inaction. As to what any of these formative conditionings had as yet prepared the Jews for, it is at least certain that what was later to emerge as the Final Solution could never have been envisaged by them.
“..of ..1,300,000 deported to ..Camp ..they were from amongst 20 nationalities, and these nations gave up their Jews also. Of that total, some 400,000 were registered and kept as Slave Labour and 900,000 were immediately Gassed. While Jews constituted 85% of all those deported here, they represented more than 90% of all those who were murdered. The 400,000 Slave Labourers were grdually degraded till they could persist no longer and added finally to the total number of those Jews and others Gassed or otherwise Murdered. That stated, we assess that of the 1,100,000 who were Murdered from all 1,300,000 deported to the Camp, some 900,000 Jews were Gassed immediately or otherwise murdered in the camp. Of the 400,000 of those registered for Slave Labour, 200,000 died or were otherwise Murdered. These included some 100,000 Jews, 64,000 Poles, 21,000 Gypsies, 14,000 Russian POW’s and a further 10,000 other nationals.” Auschwitz State Museum.
While it is always truer to categorically state, that the World watched and sat idly by as the unprecedented nature of the assault escalated into total annihilation for 6,000,000 Jews of Europe, the Jews of Denmark could not as yet see the ravine at BabiYar being infilled with their fellow Jews. Nor could the belief system which has sustained the Jews of existence identify with the truth which was now fast approaching. I am sorry to add my disdain to any belief system here, as my belief in anything to do with a god has been severely questioned, and as I recall what Elie Wiesel said about a god and particularly a god for the Jews, was that that particular Jewish god was ritually hanged in Auschwitz. That very precise god, in the form of a Jewish Child, sustained a longer and more painful death than those alongisde him, because of he was a Child and his body weighed lighter than the rope was intended for.
“..One day ..we saw 3 gallows ..3 black ravens ..erected on ..Applepaltz. Roll call. ..SS surrounding us ..machine guns aimed at us ..usual ritual. 3 prisoners in chains ..among them ..little pipel ..sad eyed angel. ..SS seem more preoccupied ..more worried than usual. To hang a child in front of 1,000’s of onlookers was not a small matter. ..head of ..camp read ..verdict. All eyes were on ..child. He was pale ..almost calm ..but he was biting his lips as he stood in ..shadow of ..gallows. This time ..Lagerkapo refused to act as an executioner. 3 SS took his place. ..3 condemned prisoners together stepped onto ..chairs. In unison ..nooses were placed around their necks. Long live liberty. ..Shouted 2 men. ..boy was silent. ..Where is merciful God ..where is He ..someone behind me was asking. At ..signal ..3 chairs were tipped over. Total silence in ..camp. On ..horizon ..sun was setting. Caps off. Screamed ..Lageralteste. His voice quivered. As for ..rest of us ..we were weeping. Cover your heads. Then came ..march past ..victims. ..2 men were no longer alive. Their tongues were hanging out ..swollen ..bluish. ..third rope was still moving ..Child ..too light ..was still breathing. And so he remained for more than half an hour ..lingering between life and death ..writhing before our eyes. And we were forced to look at him at close range. He was still alive when I passed him. His tongue was still red ..his eyes not yet extinguished. Behind me ..I heard ..same man asking ..For God’s sake ..where is God. ..from within me ..I heard a voice answer ..Where is he. This is where ..hanging here from this gallows.” Elie Wiesel.
For what Elie Wiesel here remarks, the camp system and more especially the Death Camp’s purpose, all must have seen the dissolution of hope, matched with the same fate which awaited all too many Children, both Jewish and non-Jewish, whose god remained on the sidelines looking in with total abandon. As inmates and perpetrators witnessed these awful scenes, and as they glared and watched humanity destroying itself, the question of god here resolves itself fully for my own personal take on what make a god. While we are deliberately awaiting the conscience of the World, while we are continuously seeing the ethical morality of a World caught in the morass of inaction, many of the Jewish People took too much time with deliberating. For these questioning Jews, believeing that we non-Jewish onlookers, bystanders, perpetrators and participators were good and civilised, or that somehow their god would somehow save them, they were mass Murdered in the chaos of those failed belief.
“..one Woman ..overcome with ..emotion stirred ..by memories ..burst into tears. Wailing with grief ..she named all ..names of those who would not see ..sacred candles lit next year ..nor ..year after ..nor ever again ..for any holiday on Earth. One after another ..Women took up her cries ..and soon nearly everyone was sobbing in desolation.” Liana Millu.
So it is nigh on impossible for me, one who seeks to come to terms with what I have become witness to over these past 25 years, is a manifestly Jewish catastrophe perpetrated by an ostensibly christian peoples. The difficulty then for me, so as to accuse those who acted against the Jews, when I am not a Jew is always concerning for me. Nor indeed can I act as a Jew, for I am not a Jew and yet, I have acted most diligently in memory of those Jews I stand squarely alongside in condemnation of what was done to them. I do all that I can possibly do so as to ensure the words I borrow come from Jews like Liana Millu, from other Survivor’s and more especially from Jewish non-Survivor’s, in order to add further merit to a eulogy that is Jewish in concept, intonation and intent. I remain heartily angry however, that what happened to 6,000,000 Jews is not solely for Jews to remonstrate with the World but for us to damn those who acted against our own humanity in detailing the destrcution of People, for being Jews.
“..we would suddenly be overcome by fatigue and dread ..6 hours passed ..6 more to go. Our heads drooped to ..table ..our bodies pleaded for rest ..when ..bell signalled ..end of ..break ..we dragged ourselves to our feet and staggered back to work.” Liana Millu.
Even on behalf of those murdered Jews, for whom all Jews must continually stand for, and with that said, it must be clearly understood that condemantion must come from us all. For any those of us, so assured of the accusation to be put before an indifferent World at the time, 6,000,000 Jewish stilled voices command our responses on their behalf. As I write, I can usher forth words for those Jews who voices may well have been stilled, where their words have been crushed and their existence blighted by ‘fatigue and dread’ and we are left to wonder at the miracle that persuades such humanity to struggle forth, we must endure their staggering effort, in order for us to understand humanity’s greatest need to survive. Staggered, under the pressure of a hatred few can contemplate, I have immersed myself so deeply in their struggle, and for those who will not sit out another day, my understanding of human nature is further blunted.
“..granted ..right to exist by ..god of our fathers at ..glimmer of ..dawn of human civilization ..4,000 years ago. For that right ..sanctified in Jewish blood from generation to generation ..we have paid a price unexampled in ..annals of ..nations.” Menachem Begin.
I realise full well that the odius and obvious atrocity inflicted upon these Jewish lives, by those people unworthy of the term human, we know all too well that they are indeed human beings, but of an extraordinary inhuman nature. Liana Millu informs me of this fact, as does Seweryna Szmaglewska, Elie Wiesel, Haim Ginott and the multitude of Jewish Writer’s, and many other’s, who place my effort in the midst of the most terrible detail of The Holocaust in order to gain the necessary words to relay back to our time. Those many, who clearly inform me, also ensure I am continuously vexed at what is allowed to become less than commemorative. It must be said though, and by the many who use the vehicle of this catastrophe, particularly in Poland today, to excuse either their actions or their inaction, this is not history. For us to now measure out that great loss for even 3,000,000 Polish Jews, truth must reign over the bias of any preferred position.
“..I am a survivor of a concentration camp.
My eyes saw what no person should witness:
gas chambers built by learned engineers.
Children poisoned by educated physicians.
Infants killed by trained nurses.
Women and babies shot by high school and college graduates.
So, I am suspicious of education.
My request is this:
Help your children become human.
Your efforts must never produce learned monsters, skilled psychopaths or educated Eichmanns.
Reading, writing, and arithmetic are important only if they serve to make our children more humane.” Dr. Haim Ginott.
Any distraction, which seeks to move us away from the truth, or in any way distorts from the very fact that in total, some 6,000,000 Murdered Jews of Europe can be sidelined in any way, is an immoral wrong. To seemingly seek to deprive these, those Jews of European Jewry, their very existence in the first place, and from what is given them their title, The Holocaust, is a further stain on what already condemns and damns us. Education cannot afford to ignore the consequences of what The Holocaust entails, especially as the selective method adopted to ensure all Jews secumbed to Hitler’s planned destruction for them is well evidenced. I look on as an educator and see far too much that is being given over to the placation of such bias, that the very Jewish presence in The Holocaust is being undermined. For me, and this is a personal standpoint from outside the Jewish trauma, as I am looking in at the Jewish tragedy.
“..pure myth ..Jews ..merely passive. ..Jews fought back ..to a degree no other community anywhere ..would have been capable of. ..they fought against hunger ..starvation ..disease ..a deadly Nazi economic blockade. They fought against murderers and ..traitors within their own ranks ..and ..were utterly alone in their fight. ..forsaken by God and ..man ..surrounded by hatred or indifference. ..there was much heroism ..little beauty ..much toil ..suffering ..no glamour. We fought back on every front ..biological ..economic ..propaganda ..cultural ..with every weapon ..possessed. In ..end ..ruse ..deception ..cunning beyond anything ..world had ever ..seen ..accomplished what hunger ..disease ..terror ..treachery ..could not. What defeated us ..Jewry’s unconquerable optimism ..eternal faith in ..goodness of man ..even a German ..a Nazi ..could never have ..renounced ..own humanity as to murder women ..’children’ coldly ..systematically. ..when we finally took up arms ..we inscribed in ..book of history epic of ..Ghetto Uprising.” Michal Berg.
It is indeed true that the very corrosive nature of the few, which seeks to inflict itself upon the many, distorts the view on history in order to distort its truth for hatred, false ideals or any given form of hateful bigotry. That essential, in the very implicit detail of The Holocaust is so true, politically as well as fundamentally, as that which is given over to any society educated as a whole which must ensure it preserves the integrity of what History must teach us. It is certain that evidence here sets the precedence, and The Holocaust is the most evident example of the role of the educated in the assault upon the very integrity of all humanity, while it was raged against the Jews of Europe. Recently, and for obvious reasons I did not wish to announce I was travelling to Poland again, and I certainly had no wish to broadcast my stay was to be in Cracow.
Cracow. ..ghetto ..very crowded. ..beyond ..Vistula River ..Podgorze ..belonged to ..poor quarters ..ramshackle houses ..wooden houses ..ruined houses about to collapse. Three or four families ..into tiny flats ..a room ..a kitchen. .. spread very rapidly ..particularly amongst ..children. ..difficult to maintain sanitary conditions.” Rivka Kuper.
Largely, I am urged by many questions to seek my own answers to the place of the Jew today in the Poland holding out from the memory of Jewish Poland of yesterday. I had assumed I had already achieved all of what I had set out to do, and up to this point, I believe I have. But thre is much more I need to know and understand and in order for the hurt and the pain of so many, their questions ringing loudly, I had made little headway with what impressions I had gained from visiting The Polin Museum in Warsaw nor from The Marek Edelman Centre in Lodz. With regards to whether pressure could be applied from the Polish government which could compromise the efficacy of the historical narrative to emerge from such glorious centres, I am deeply concerned. The staff I met were indeed committed, and connected to the very detail which called for such places as Museums as centres of educating.
“..Not all victims were Jewish in this place ..but all Jews were victims.” Elie Wiesel.
The obvious essential, in affording us the information on the immense struggle undertaken by both Jews, and non-Jews alike, during Hitler’s reign in Poland, must only contain the truth and not any interpretation of it. Of course, my visits to all the Death Camps in Poland have thrown up many concerns to do with the unbiased nature of the interred Jews being Remembered for being Jews. That persist to this day, whether we recognise the Jewish loss in its totality, or specific to a given Death Camp, Killing Site or the place of such Remembrance or indeed, even if we choose to recall them at all. For that matter, the seeming pressure to placate a newer agenda which identifies the Polish Jewish losses with that of non-Jewish Poles is an alarming emergence. For reasons pertaining to the Jewish presence, I have written x4 Books on the subject of The Holocaust and they remain as incomplete today for want of the fullest truth.
“..records ..incomplete as they are ..reveal ..deeds of men ..women who said nay heroically. ..Were they profound believers in truth and justice. ..idealists ..basically ..religious ..humanitarians. They were all of these and more. Our surviving civilisation owes these people ..grateful recognition they so richly deserve.” Dr. Philip Friedman.
As yet, much is till to emerge of how a World was assailed by such an assault and the Jewish People were allowed to suffer its consequences. I have done little, but I have honoured a promise I made to a Jewish Survivor’s memory with my visit’s to all of these x6 Death Camps built in Poland. It is clear, Poland does not seek to have these Death Camps recognised as established in Poland. While they were admittedly established by Hitler, they were concentrated in Poland and this is clearly a statement of geographical fact. Also, as I take issue with the World, which stood idly by and allowed such a form of indifference to the Jewish Struggle, I direct a similar accusation at Poland and its role. For this atrocity to become the visited and intolerable nature of the hatred evidenced as The Final Solution of the Jewish Question, too many in the World stood aside.
“..Up to January 18th. 1945 ..a total of about 5,000,000 were burned in ..crematories of Oswiecim and Birkenau. ..more than 3,000,000 were Jews poisoned by gas or ..victims of epidemics.” Seweryna Szmaglewska.
Poland too bears a heavy responsibility with regard to its 3,000,000 Polish Jews and the central focus of the mechanised slaughter of 4,500,000 of Europe’s Jews as a whole. In view of what Elie Wiesel has stated, and even if it was with regard to the particular space Auschwitz and Birkenau holds for the Jews, and for All of European Jewry we acknowledge the scale of the atrocity is an unparalleled assault upon humanity, its integrity and what was meant to be its civilising emphasis. Here, with Seweryna’s clear assessment now overidden by time, one can only imagine the assuming nature of the entire Catastrophe as it was being detailed originally. For an obvious failure to exactly portray the total human dimnension and human cost we still seek to comprehend, the value of human life becomes lost in the incessant search for a statistical meaning.
“..Murder of 6,000,000 Jews must never be reduced to a statistic.” Simon Wiesenthal.
Take Belzec for example, where there has been an assessment made which certainly contradicts the lower estimate of 500,000 Murdered Jews. That very conservative estimate is clearly fixed against an even greater tragedy which is attached to what amounts to 884,700 Jews who were Murdered here in this rather tiny spec of land in the back woods of Poland. If we then engage in what emerged from the atrocity conducted within Birkenau, which is also recognised as Auschwitz II, we jump from the proposal of 1,100,000 Jews Murdered to a theoretically possible Slaughter of 2,500,000 Jews having been Murdered. Of course, given Hoess’s managerial mind set, what was possible here during Hoesse’s own tenure operating the largest Death Factory amongst these Death Camps, is both a shocking realisation and a capability of extraordinary ruthless thoroughness.
“..2,000,000 to 2,500,000 were killed in Auschwitz. ..might have been 5,000,000.” SS Hauptsturmfuhrer Dr. Friedrich Entress.
At Chelmno, where between 152,000 Jews and 220,000 Jews were suggested as having been Murdered, we edge toward an understanding which figures that 400,000 Jews could have been Murdered there. Tragically, we must come to an inconsiderate conclusion that does not know the full extent of the tragedy played out in all of these Death Camps. No matter what exercises we bring to bear, in our ttempt to establish the most realistic prospect of knowing the awful truth which faced European Jewry. In acknowledgeing the true consequences of Hitler’s hatred here though, the Death Camps will never deliver their truer secrets and we can barter with that failing until have resolved nothing. Of course, all of this falls into line with what early assessments made use of, and that was the Witness Testimony emerging during the immediacy of the ordeal to have Survived. Certainly, much that was gleaned from those like Liana Millu, Seweryna Szmaglewska or Elie Wiesel must have gained their access to such detail from personal knowledge.
“..Jewish Question ..Ukraine ..more difficult ..in ..cities ..Jews ..major part ..population. ..more than 50%. ..elimination ..profound ..consequences ..military economy. ..systematic shooting ..Jews ..by ..Order Police. ..in public ..assistance ..Ukrainian militia ..members ..Wehrmacht. ..Aktionen ..men ..women ..children ..all ages ..manner ..carried out ..appalling. ..executions involved. ..150,000 to 200,000 Jews ..executed in ..Ukraine.” Professor Peter Heinz Seraphim.
While it more certainly true that we have wildly inaccurate assessments of the true toll of Jewish Destruction we must deliver some assessment which approaches a loss so consequential to all understanding of what happened, and just as importantly, what was allowed to happen. Assessments, details, statisitics which, by their very nature, will never give an account that is in agreement with the facts because we are short on those who know exactly what happened to them and their community’s. It is hardly credible then, when the likes of Hoettl, Korherr and Seraphim are all clear in their accuracy of the totals of Jews alive at the time Hitler sought a catchment of their number. This grouping, gathering and ghettoisation of Jews, in order to slay them, how is it that we can doubt the actual detail of what then assailed, mutilated and murdered these Jews of Europe.
“..I ..never knew ..total number ..I have nothing to help me make an estimate. ..I ..remember ..figure in ..larger actions ..repeated to me by Eichmann or his deputies. ..I ..no longer remember ..figures for ..smaller actions ..insignificant in comparison with ..numbers given. I regard ..total of 2,500,000 ..far too high. ..Auschwitz had limits to its destructive possibilities ..Upper Silesia ..Polish territory under German rule 250,000 Germany ..Theresienstadt 100,000 Holland 95,000 Belgium 20,000 France 110,000 Greece 65,000 Hungary 400,000 Slovakia 90,000 .” SS Obersturmbannfuhrer Rudolf Hoess.
True, the map of Jewish existence had been drawn up prior to Hitler’s actual resolve to destroy each and every Jews he could, we then become circumspect in accepting what those perpetrator’s knew. Perpetrator’s like Boger, Eichmann, Entress, Hoess and Wisliceny must surely have known, suspected or had proven to them as they worked so closely annexed to the very slaughter they were detailed to exact. When we move onto another Death Camp, a place like Majdanek, there is a great deal of controversy surrounding this Death Camp within the vicinity of Lublin. Its ability to deliver what Hitler had demanded was on the periphery of Odilo Globocnik’s Aktion Reinhard Death Camps. We must assess that from 120,000 Jews to 200,000 Jews were Murdered there, even when we know we could assess a far greater toll on Jewish existence was raged here.
“..Eichmann immediately commented that Himmler believed ..figure of 6,000,000 Jews killed could not be correct ..that ..overall figure must be higher.” SS Sturmbannfuhrer Dr. Wilhelm Hoettl.
At Sobibor, a Death Camp on the outskirts of Wlodawa, where some 225,000 Jews to 300,000 Jews were Murdered, this particular place of annihilation came closest, for my own assessment, to being a Death Camp where its secrecy could be so much better managed than any of the other’s. Then there is the extraordinary feature of Death Camp Treblinka, which is in its location along the Warsaw to Bialystock train line. As such, its capacity was to be fed from the largest concentration of Polish Jewry in all of Poland, and the largest Jewish Ghetto population in all of The Holocaust, Warsaw. Here, as many as 700,000 Jews to 1,200,000 Jews were Murdered in as complete a manner as was sought. Here, evidenced in what is becoming an archeaological dig, still attempting to find what is no longer, what emerges is still an incomplete assessment of what we know we have lost.
“..Between 1937 and ..beginning of 1943 ..Jewish population of Europe should have decreased by an estimated 4,000,000 ..partly due to excess mortality of ..Jews in Middle and Western Europe and partly due to ..evacuations ..mainly in ..Eastern territories.” Dr. Richard Korherr.
However, and what is profoundly true in what the Survivor puts to the test, in the Memory they have managed to bring forth, is that that test relates to all that they have lost, all that they have Survived and all that we must now ensure we learn from. It is important too to know who it is we class as a survivor, and I will continually raise the issue of what fully consitutes The Survivor to ensure memory nor History forgets this truth. It must remain a fact, that no Jewish Survivor is required to recognise all those other’s who stood alongisde them as they too awaited extermination as other’s outside The Holocaust term. The choice of the Jewish People for the selection process is what places the Jews in the throes of an atrocity built to annihilate them. Wholly, and without exception, the Jewish People were selected for Slaughter above and beyond all those other’s who feature in the death toll brought about during World War II.
“..A Polish Woman knows that she may die here ..but also that she may escape death. ..Jewish Women ..on ..other hand ..know that they must die.” Seweryna Szmaglewska.
I make no excuses for securing for memory these 6,000,000 Murdered Jews, and it is the unpalatable fact that they were uniquely chosen for destruction and annihilated in an unprecedented assault upon their very existence. Those then, those chosen for their Jewish antecedence are therefore the bearer of the term Survivor, for what they managed to survive. I have many other Book’s to write yet, but am stayed by the pressure commercialism places upon this sought after need of mine. I am fearful that I will not achieve my final objective, 6,000,000 works to present for the Memory of 6,000,000 Slaughtered Jewish lives whose memory is now being lost to us. So here we have what must be considered the evidence of a survivor of Auschwitz and Birkenau, Seweryna Szmaglewska whose fundamental evidence must differ most candidly from that of both Elie Wiesel here, and Liana Millu later, as they both present their testimony as Jews.
“..No bird ever flies low over Birkenau ..prisoners strain their eyes to search ..skies for them. ..Guided by smell or instinct ..birds avoid ..place. Birkenau does not exist officially ..its name never appears in an address. It is Oswiecim II. ..it was not ..intended to hold people for any length of time. It is a ..precrematorium waiting room ..for 20,000 to 30,000 people.” Seweryna Szmaglewska.
True, while Seweryna is a survivor of the Death Camp system, she admits to the exclusive and radical position for the Jews within that established machinery of destruction. As is noted, Seweryna Szmaglewska was not a Jew and was not certain her fate would match that of a Jewish one, always waiting to die. In that exclusive meaning, and for what appears as somewhat of an urban myth surrounding this particualr detail of whether birds do actually fly over Birkenau, or any of the 6 Death Cmps for that matter, perhaps the memory of the near 4,500,000 murdered Jews permeates the soil that much, its evidence places a barrier around their sites of annihilation. As for my own experience, this seeming truth has aligned itself to my very own impression, for as I stood in each and everyone of the 6 Death Camps, which are still there in Poland, it is strangely true that I never saw a Bird fly over any of the places I have so often described.
“..I know. ..never in ..history of mankind ..never anywhere in ..realm of human relations did anything occur to compare with what was inflicted on ..Jewish population of Poland.” Jan Karski.
But I am much more troubled by much more that is concerning with the misrepresented words in pages and the utterances from those are are now seeking to revise the truth. From within the very terms of The Holocaust, and eminent is the very nature of The Holocaust Survivor’s narration, what must be clearly recognised is that any Jew who managed to escape the attention of Hitler and his legion’s, as they sought to deliberately annihilate them, is for me a Holocaust Survivor and as such bears an example of the truth we must recognise. Here though, while Seweryna Szmaglewska deposits her own understanding of the nature of the Jewish presence, and from within the grounds of an annihilation process targetting them more exclusively, her testimony adds to the knowledge we seek. Seweryna clearly recognises the unequal task of any formative existence let alone survival for the Jew in the Death Camp system.
“..I was in ..camp Birkenau ..part of ..Oswiecim Camp. ..a woman in ..last month of pregnancy. ..had to walk 10 kilometres to ..place of work ..toiled ..whole day ..digging trenches. ..already ill and ..asked ..German ..for permission to rest. ..refused ..laughed at her and ..together with another SS man ..started beating her. ..situation of all ..women who ..were pregnant ..only during ..very last minutes were they permitted to stay away from work. ..newly born children ..if Jewish ..were immediately put to death.” Seweryna Szmaglewska.
For the Jews to ever emerge, and as she states, articulates and enunciates it, they ‘know that they must die’ along with any and all ‘newly born Children if Jewish’ within the sphere of Hitler’s influence. Here then, in its historical analysis of the factual truth of what The Holocaust must mean, a non-Jewish Pole lays before the World the truth of what Elie Wiesel knows and states as such with the unequalled treatment meted out exclusively to the Jewish People. So what then persuades me to go back to Poland, and revisit what is a certainty for me, and that much of Poland does Not respect the Memory of their own 3,000,000 Slaughtered Polish Jews. Much of that deeply concerned certainty is in response to many more questions than I ever have the answers to with regard to Polish Jewish and non-Jewish Polish relations. Many seekers, Survivors also, had asked me if there is a financial cost to visiting Auschwitz.
“..same old routine ..one foot in front ..other. Everything is forever ..same in ..lager ..pitilessly ..hopelessly ..same ..each hour brings ..same acts ..same commands ..same everything ..until soon even your thoughts take ..same predictable track ..making ..same fixed stops ..war ..home ..getting back ..a chronic sameness that becomes a torture.” Liana Millu.
The sentiment suppressed by such a question, and as to whether the commercialism of Auschwitz is reflective of what is overtaking the necessity of All memory, is being judged in financial terms, though not completely. For what Auschwitz, and certainly Birkenau, must never countenance anything which allows its personal consideration to rise above the very detail of the Slaughter of People, for being Jews. 6,000,000 of them European Jews and of that number, 3,000,000 of those were Polish Jews. Personally, I was willing to pay to arrive there at the gates to what amounted to a Jewish hell and follow my own particular course. I knew what I wanted to see. I knew where I wanted to be. I expected an emotional trauma that went way above what I had come to expect from reading or researching and even from listening to those whose experiences brought me here, I expected a shock wave of emotion.
“..proof ..which we have no right to consider as unfeasible out of prejudice ..has been supplied ..it still remains for us by digging deeper into ..analysis to ask why ..out of all ..imaginable psychological attitudes ..these particular ones ..imposed themselves. ..as soon as we admit that a mental or emotional reaction is not self-explanatory ..we are forced ..to make a real effort to discover ..reasons for it. ..in history ..as elsewhere ..causes cannot be assumed. They are looked for.” Marc Bloch.
Once I knew what it was I wished to see I looked for the places that would bring me closer to the answers I sought and I was prepared to pay the asking price to get me to where I needed to be. Once there, I did not need the services of those they called expert in what I had fought to already know with regards to each and everyone of the 6 Death Camps. I know too, from what I was due to witness or experience, that this would enable me to add another level of personal confrontation, with everything I sought to have confirmed to come closer to a comprhension which I still maintained I would never reach. Then, when a Survivor who stood beside me at the Hair display in Auschwitz and uttered what I can never forget:
“..My Mother’s Hair could be in there.”
I was confounded. I followed this Lady in astonishment and wondered how physically draining it must have been to simply utter those words. I had spent some 25 year’s placing on paper what I found so incomprehensible, so how could I ever contemplate any understanding with these very real, deeply emotional and poignant words. But hey! This Lady is a stronger Person than I and I needed to compose myself to add to what I could Never imagine she was going through. Nor could I suggest to her, or anyone else for that matter, what the unimagineable horror that was faced by these 1,100,000 Murdered Jews of Birkenau, nor what its terror could have been remotely like. As my own journey around the many sites I would visit, it continued to strike at me how significant certain moments become. Then, as I watched the billowing smoke over Birkenau, they were burning the fallen leaves in a far off corner, I knew why I had read, re-Read and visited both these two Books, but now it was for very divergent reasons.
Liana Millu – Smoke Over Birkenau,
“..I always felt like asking why God would help us in particular and allow last year’s unfortunate souls to freeze to death.” Liana Millu. and
Seweryna Szmaglewska – Smoke over Birkenau
“..My story tells of only one fragment of ..gigantic machine of death that was Oswiecim. I will give only ..data of what I observed or what I myself endured directly.” Seweryna Szmaglewska.
I was actually listing, and from the comparisons to be made sought refuge in the words that had been so immediately been presented to me as I stood in Auschwitz. But, and this is not the sole reason for comparison of differing tomes on a similar site occupied to one who knew she could survive and one who knew she might not. I now wished to compare my visit to Auschwitz, and in particular Birkenau, with a demand to further see if there was a changing difference in attitude to the ordeal for 3,000,000 Polish Jews. More than a third of these Polish Jews were consigned to a Slaughter here, and within Birkenau itself, as Jews, Polish Jews. Time itself has not been kind to the form of Jewish Memory that exists over Poland, and the smoke which has arisen from all 6 Death Camps, which were clearly established there, has been so blatantly dishonoured recently by a slanted and biased view of the totality of Jewish death’s within Poland.
“..These are ..experiences of one person alone ..a drop in ..vast immeasurable ocean. Without doubt there will be others who return alive from Oswiecim ..who will talk. There will be others who will come back from many other camps. ..majority will never return ..will never talk.” Seweryna Szmaglewska.
It is indeed reprehensible that some 6,000,000 people of Poland suffered death at the hands of the Nazi’s, but it is to the struggle for Survival of 3,300,000 of Polish Jewry that the intention to Slaughter them was contrived, conveyed and enacted. In this I make for a comparison in the very detail which clearly differentiated between the Slaughter of 3,000,000 of Polish Jewry. As a systematic, managed, industrialised and mechanised capacity for their Annihilation was proposed, all of which separates them out and thus confines them permanetly into the confines of The Holocaust, I remark on those other’s whose lives were taken, but as keenly separated from the Jewish Murdered as Hitler wished them to be. I do not lessen the blow to those many other’s who were taken from their homes within Poland, nor the rest of Europe, as their’s too was a mortal blow.
“..more than 4,000,000 were Murdered here.” SS Unterscharfuhrer Wilhem Boger.
But, the mass extermination programme, literally The Final Solution of The Jewish Question, whether that was to be wholly conducted within Poland or not, was for all intents and purposes, die Endlosung der Judenfrage, as it was conceived uniquely, for all of European Jewry. As an incremental step, the Murders of Jews in Germany and Austria preceded this concept of the Slaughter of all of European Jewry. As the accumulation of atrocity grew in fervour, all of which would in turn proceed against all of World Jewry, at some stage, Hitler’s sights grew away from mere containment, isolation or even deportation, but toward his final resolve. Tragically, and for 6,000,000 Jewish People, these Jews of Europe, both Men and Women with Their Children, the lament has gone up and we have no other consolation from the very fact that Hitler had sought to Murder 11,293,300 of these European Jews thn those Jews who did survive his intention.
“..Monday May 17th. 1943 ..Warsaw Ghetto is free of Jews.” SS Obergruppenfuhrer Jurgen Stroop.
So what is lamentable today, and especially with regard to the disappearance of 3,000,000 Polish Jews from Polish soil, we should not be ignoring the fact that much of what these Polish Jews have left behind has been seconded to non-Jewish ownership within Poland. What is the burgeoning disrespect owed to Polish Jewry emanating from within Poland, cannot be allowed to profit from the wrongs of the past. Can we forget so easily that what Stroop was stating, much of Poland was awake to as more than 374,000 Polish Jews had been removed from Warsaw, and inextricably toward Treblinka and their destruction there. Remember also, that from Warsaw, and all too many of these Polish Jews had been embarked through the Umschalgplatz, the site itself gives no respect to what tranbspired here. So I take from these two examples of books, and from visits I now mention here, words which add meaning to what is a uniquely Jewish tragedy, The Holocaust.
“..When in ..early days of 1933 ..first civil servant wrote ..first definition of non-Aryan ..fate of European Jewry was sealed.” Raul Hilberg.
I took two photographs, the first as I was due to visit the Polin Museum in Warsaw and the second is from this weekends visit to Cracow, September 27th. till September 29th. 2019. I was mindful too that during these dates some 78 years previously, 33,771 Jews of Kiev were brought to Babi Yar and were Murdered there and I was now in a place were the assault upon the Jews too was gaining ground in terms of its magnitude of destruction. So for me, what is striking, considering the enormous impact the Umschlagplatz has had on Polish Jewry, and the Ghetto Square of Cracow had on Cracow Jewry, is the rather feeble attempt to Remember these Polish Jewish losses. I cannot mitigate the imagining we could easily conjure up, certainly while in Cracow there is a significant absense of any Memorial suficient to detail the loss of in excess of 47,000 of Cracow’s Jews.
“..Eichmann went on to explain ..concept to me. ..planned biological destruction of ..Jewish race in ..Eastern Territories was disguised by ..concept and wording final solution. In later discussions on this subject ..same words final solution re-appeared over and over again.” SS Hauptsturmfuhrer Dieter Wisliceny.
Elsewhere, the Umschlagplatz is a barren and wasted effort at attributing to Polish Jewry any reminder here in any convincing terms as to what took place. It has always been an essential for me, that one cannot be an historian and thus ignore History, which is what appears to be happening with some, as we present the very detail of The Holocaust as it struck at the heart of European Jewry here in Poland. Whether it is the full range of the assault upon the Jews, from its initial inception toward its near completion, or whether we accept its uniqueness, neither is open to debate. Nor do we allow for the promotion of The Holocaust’s dilution, the measure of its term which represents 6,000,000 Slaughtered Jews. History is seemingly provoking an alienation with such distortions, where the factual truth becomes radically altered, forever changed by an ever irregular revision which displays no merit to truth, nor are the veracity of the facts that have emerged given what those like Eichmann sought to deliver.
“..If of 10,300,000 we had killed 10,300,000 I would be satisfied and say ..Good. We have exterminated an enemy.” SS Obersturmbannfuhrer Adolf Eichmann.
“..For a variety of reasons ..women’s situation was a good deal worse than that of ..men ..physical endurance ..coupled with work more arduous and degrading ..agonies of disrupted families ..and ..haunting presence of ..crematoria ..located right in ..middle of ..women’s camp ..inescapable ..undeniable ..ungodly smoke rising ..to contaminate every day ..every night ..every moment of respite or illusion ..every dream and timorous hope.” Primo Levi.

Two very striking books, amongst the many 1,000’s which have been written on the subject of The Holocaust resonate with what I wish to state here. While both are titled Smoke Over Birkenau, by Liana Millu and Seweryna Szmaglewska, they both have a wider exposition than just that for Birkenau. While I have no negative contention with either of these Books, well written discourses on the horror of Birkenau, I profess much more emphasis should be placed upon the smoke which permeated the areas surrounding all 6 of the Death Camps in Poland. While outside the front doors of the non-Jewish Polish population, the smell of burning of Jewish existence, the scent of the destruction of Jewish life and the visible signs of the cremation process for possibly 4,500,000 Jews of Europe was all too obvious to resident, traveller or passing observer to have been borne in such silence.

“..long believed that much of Jewish history ought to be rewritten in terms of ..pioneering services ..Jews ..forced to render by ..circumstances of their history.” Salo W. Baron.

While whole community’s would automatically qualify what they saw, what they smelled and what they even heard, and these community’s would then relay this evidence to anyone capable of listening, the lack of such testimony gives scant regard to the human despair being so callously ignored. While the information route certainly extended to the catholic church in Poland, knowing everything the local catholic population knew was a priestly business, this would then be relayed from parish to bishopric and on into the vatican itself. What is obvious however, and from this juncture alone, is that christian morality had declined to counter the atrocity on the very doorstep where faith professed all allegiance to christian charity. For what a failed ethics had sought to ignore in their midst, humanity bears a burden of having to reconcile the degeneracy of faith with the hatred laid before it.

“..For all I knew ..I could be out ..back door ..they out ..front ..running to ..police ..to tell them ..Jews had returned to Buczacz. You never knew if a neighbour was about to turn on you ..plenty had.” Alicia Appleman-Jurman.

But just as history is refuted by some, over the very usage of the varying terms employed, it is essential to maintain a position which does not allow for the alteration of any of the proven facts which history has delivered direct to our own front door. For me, that essential, which ensures I will never unuse a term, either to refute the history I know to be true, or to allow my own words to detract from that historical integrity, is accusing of the massive loss to humanity of 6,000,000 Jews rendered lifeless in this uniquely engineered Slaughter. It would appear, from much that is emerging in many Eastern European countries, is the tendency today to simply seek to alter what has been an historical truth, all because of its less accepting tone or its confrontation with the reality it presents. For those said countries, who wish to now negate the very narrative of The Holocaust search we are engaged in, they cannot simply alter history’s course.

“..Auschwitz may be 100’s of kilometers from Hungary but it is part of Hungarian history. ..This Death Camp was ..scene of ..inhumane suffering ..humiliation and death of nearly 500,000 of our compatriots.” Janos Ader.

Any effort, to take away responsibility from the very integrity of the truth it presents will relegate all history to a slurry of infertile words and misdirected occasions. The safeguarding of The Holocaust must therefore assure that we can and should not allow any form of bias, or more especially discrimination, against any proven fact which is disagreeable to those seeking to subvert it. Lies must not be enabled to gain ground ahead of the implicit intention to record what is therefore true. It is exactly the case, as with Lord Russell in his Book, Scourge of the Swastika, that his wording is an identification with the ‘Polish Death Camps’ as they were clearly an identified positioning of a geographical placing. So while these written words exist, they must be upheld as they were conceived and nothing must ever be allowed to distract from that truth as it was then presented.

“..on ..Umschlagplatz ..history of Polish Jews came to an end ..arrested and seemingly terminated.” Jaroslaw Marek Rymkiewicz.

No one in History attributes the intention of the Death Camps, or the entire killing apparatus in The Holocaust for that matter, to other than Hitler, his lackey’s and those who collaborated their wish to gain in power or wealth from the destruction of European Jewry. It is perfectly clear that today’s clamour, for what should wholly transfix the truth, cannot move the placement of the atrocity that took place in Poland elsewhere. What seeks to catapult the Jews, perhaps 4,500,000 of them, including 3,000,000 of whom were Polish Jews, away from where they were murdered, within the confines of the Polish borders, is an effort aimed at not recognising that all of these Jews were murdered in Poland. This apparent intention not only corrupts the very destruction of these Jewish People but places their presence into some form of an abstraction which will slowly disguise their actual and final space of confinement.

“..Recognition of ..truth ..whole truth and opening ones heart and sharing ..experiences is necessary to stop ..evil ..to gel rid of ..aggression ..hate and ..prejudice. To convey ..Auschwitz truth is a great lesson. ” Halina Birenbaum.

This will only disadvantage any historical perspective that is to be gained from what truth must always know it corroborates. However, and from comments that are being made to distort facts and bend them to a bias we must not recognise, we simply cannot alter this statement by Lord Russell so as to facilitate a polish governments frenzy for the revision of the factual truth. The very fact that all x6 Death Camps were established in Poland does not conspire to make history adopt other than the truth, nor that these are other than Hitler constructs, manned by Hitler’s forces, and their collaborator’s, and intended to destroy all of European Jewry. This does nor preclude any other people’s from the atrocity, merely that they exist outside The Holocaust that was clearly designd strategically for the Slaughter of European Jewry.

“..That there has been and is being considered in Hitler’s headquarters a plan to exterminate all Jews from Germany and German controlled areas in Europe after they have been concentrated in ..East. ..numbers involved is said to be between 3,500,000 and 4,000,000 and ..object to permanently settle ..Jewish Question in Europe.” Dr. Gerhart Riegner.

Of course there were others who were killed alongide the Jewish intended, though they remain devolved from The Final Solution of the Jewish Question because they were not Jews. Also, and more specifically, history does not suggest other than these 6 Death Camps were fully established by Hitler for his hate filled intentions for the Jewish People. While Hitler’s cronies administered all of these death facility’s, and admittedly profitted greatly from them, all too many non-Jewish Polish locals profitted also. There is no way of judging the complexion of all of this without stating that all of the Death Camps were built within the confines of Poland. None the less, what cannot be altered by the semantics of want for change, is now measured in the destructive capacity of these industrial murder factory’s. That very truth must remain central to the integrity of all historical accuracy in the search for comprehending the entire catastrophe.

“..There have been Hitlers everywhere and at all times ..it is Germany’s shame that so miserable a figure could become her leader. In order to germinate ..seed of Nazism had to find a favourable soil ..it found it in ..German Reich and ..Germans ..such as they had become in their political ..spiritual economic and social history.” Wilhelm Roepke.

What then forced the Jews into the pathway which led directly to their annihilation, or even directed the perpetrator’s to act with such disregard for all of humanity, is both contentious and problematic. Also, and when it is not totally accurate to relate the loss in human terms to the very capacity of the Death Camps to deal in their murderous effort, we step aside from statistical awareness to take a glimpse at the human tragedy to be witnessed. Also, and while the very terms of any fact must never be dulled by an over sensitivity to what was measured out to these 6,000,000 Jews of Europe, the veracity of this truth must be borne and worn by those who study and research History. We bolster our remembrance too, of all of these Jews by acknowledging that we become witnesses to what testimony has been left on our pages and as such, we must take up from where the Survivor leaves off and requires us to continue in their name.

“..Ponar is not a ..Camp. Jews ..shot there. Hitler plans to destroy all ..Jews of Europe ..Jews of Lithuania ..first in line. ..We must not go like sheep to ..slaughter!” Abba Kovner.

Here, that very assertion for remembrance so easily applies to Abba Kovner as he made his resistance cry, and toward the Jews of Vilna who should not go like sheep to the slaughter to a place like Ponar. What was known then of Ponar was known throughout the World of intelligence gathering, and still nothing was applied either to assist the Jews nor stem the blood flow of Jewish loss. For me, and it is patently obvious that the Jews, educated, polished, naieve in many senses, could not know what had been building in Hitler’s warped view was their annihilation. Even though a Ponary Woods stood outside the Towns and Villages of Jewish existence, what would eventually result in their being 6,000,000 less Jews at the end of World War II, could not be imagined. How could it considered then when we have difficulty coming to terms with the knowledge of its very enactment.

“..present destruction of Europe would not be complete and thorough had ..German people not accepted freely ..Nazi plan ..participated voluntarily in its execution and ..profited greatly therefrom” Raphael Lemkin.

While it is true that the World knew that Hitler was gaining ground politically, they also sensed his hatred for the Jewish People was growing commensurate with that. Yet the World failed to both acknowledge Hitler’s latent and brutal nature, telegraphed and evidenced on so many occasions, but the World also ignored its causal effects when it fell upon the very Jews he fully sought to annihilate. Not even Hitler himself envisaged that this capacity of destruction, from way back in the 1900’s was ever to become achievable. Nor am I alone in considering that in the early 1930’s, when he was gaining the power necessary where he could offer up his final solution, would the depth of the purge reach out and slaughter 6,000,000 Jews. However, as Hitler’s rise to power gained ground, and his ability to derail much of humanity from its moral and ethical base, as he struck deeper and deeeper at Jewish existence, Jewish life now begins to recede toward oblivion.

“..Night was falling. ..shadows softly settling on ..Earth promised rest and oblivion. We had gotten through another day. ..what would ..next one bring.” Liana Millu.

If we are then to proscribe to Hitler, what he finally managed to achieve, then during his race toward The Final Solution, the Jewish abandonment at Evian becomes pivotal. On July 6th. 1938, when 29 of the 33 Nations who were invited to this conference, and who actually turned up, each nation sought to evade their human responsibility in the approaching storm. As 250,000 Germans are continuously abused for being Jews, the World of nations took no steps to alleviate Jewish concerns which in turn bolstered Hitler’s resolve to act with apparent impunity. What we meet here and discuss, as the growing crisis for Jews under Hitlers yoke strangles further the Jewish ability to manouvre, and while Hitler was well along that measured route and toward the enormous atrocity that will be exhibited before history, we abandoned the Jewish People.

“..I remember sort of being yanked out of our flat and being ordered to march to ..space in ..open in ..town and there we were separated ..Men ..Women ..Children ..stood there in ..bitter cold November night ..me wearing short trousers.” Bernd Koschland.

Here is the human failure to act, aligned as it becomes to the inhuman action which progressed toward its final conclusion and 6,000,000 Jews of Europe will be consigned to their fate. What is most explicit as a final solution for 6,000,000 of Europe’s Jews emerges is what we now see in the Jewish murdered at Kristallnacht, and what amounts to a seeming World acquiesence. As Hitler surveys the remnants of burned out Synagogues as he himself evidenced it, then a steady progression away from the rhetoric of hatred and toward the savage brutality of its enactment is being fully orchestrated by Hitler. Tragically, at this moment in time, the World is more prepared for what is yet to emerge than even the Jews of Germany are aware of. As the Jews then, of both Germany and Austria, and finally all of Europe belatedly awake to realise, we now survey the land where hatred is feeding into a clamour for such widespread Slaughter.

“..German authorities ..now carrying into effect Hitler’s ..intention to exterminate ..Jewish people in Europe.” American State Department.

That the horrifying reality is descending upon the Jewish People, many of whom are slowly awakening to the dire situation they find themselves, all too many are powerless to do anything about it. Who could ever adjudge the barbarity that was to come, let alone the fuller extent to the open genocidal intention that was released. True, those Jews who suffered at the hands of the Nazi’s at this period, all of whom are left with Family’s so traumatised by the Murder’s, are more significant in number immediately after Kristallnacht. It is becoming clear, and how could the sensibly reasoned Jews believe this was anything other than isolated assaults upon individuals, and it not necessarily raged against them for being Jews. Though the night of ‘Broken Glass’ brought about what was evidently an enactment of brutal assault and murder aimed solely at People because they were Jews, this cannot be taken in isolation.

“..There are some important things to keep in mind. Our Rabbi ..who played a great role in my growth and development ..refused to leave Germany ..but ..knew exactly what was going on. Much like a captain refusing to abandon ship ..he stayed. Also ..Hamburg was not at this time antisemitic. ..Nazis had to import people from southern Germany to do their dirty work in destroying Hamburg’s synagogues. ..people in Hamburg would not destroy anything ..not lay a finger on ..Jewish buildings. ..After Kristallnacht ..we moved to a Spanish ..Portuguese synagogue. It was not completely orthodox but we were able to make changes to make it work for us. We were ..only place in Germany that was still able to worship in a synagogue after Kristallnacht took place.” Hugo Eichelberg.

For the murdered Jews of Berlin, Cologne, Dresden, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Kiel, Munich, Nuremberg, why would we not see and compare these murders with all the other murders elsewhere in the Reich at this precise moment and that were attached to the Jewish presence, and who had fully succumbed to such an assault. For me, for History for all other historians, the benefit of hindsight open the eyes to what now appears obvious but would seem so out of character for civilised humanity. Perhaps though, with some 50,000 Jewish Men, who are now taken in Germany and deported to a number of Concentration Camps, the like of Buchenwald, Dachau, Flossenburg and Sachsenhausen, these become synonymous with what will eventually emerge as industrialised killing sites, the Death Camps. Maybe too the Jewish People are awakening to the fact that is so evident to the World, that they might begin to consider there is now a concerted effort that Hitler has ranged against them.

“..fact that certain attempts may have miscaried does not justify abandoning effort. It is ..business of research to introduce more accuracy and exactness into these distinctions.” Marc Bloch.

So when we arrive at the these places for the murdered Jews in Poland, and this occured immediately as Hitler crosses his forces into Poland, September 1st. 1939, the progress is escalating. This initial assault upon the integrity of a Polish Jewish presence, was not merely prepatory for the final annihilation of all of European Jewry, it was a preparation for the Jewish consciousness to get to grips with their immediate dillema. Time harbours so many forms of identification that we perhaps too easily see what was not evident at the time. We react toward what overcame the Jewish People with a mixture of disbelief and evn incredulity when we cannot know what sanctioned their apparent inaction. As to what any of these formative conditionings had as yet prepared the Jews for, it is at least certain that what was later to emerge as the Final Solution could never have been envisaged by them.

“..of ..1,300,000 deported to ..Camp ..they were from amongst 20 nationalities, and these nations gave up their Jews also. Of that total, some 400,000 were registered and kept as Slave Labour and 900,000 were immediately Gassed. While Jews constituted 85% of all those deported here, they represented more than 90% of all those who were murdered. The 400,000 Slave Labourers were grdually degraded till they could persist no longer and added finally to the total number of those Jews and others Gassed or otherwise Murdered. That stated, we assess that of the 1,100,000 who were Murdered from all 1,300,000 deported to the Camp, some 900,000 Jews were Gassed immediately or otherwise murdered in the camp. Of the 400,000 of those registered for Slave Labour, 200,000 died or were otherwise Murdered. These included some 100,000 Jews, 64,000 Poles, 21,000 Gypsies, 14,000 Russian POW’s and a further 10,000 other nationals.” Auschwitz State Museum.

While it is always truer to categorically state, that the World watched and sat idly by as the unprecedented nature of the assault escalated into total annihilation for 6,000,000 Jews of Europe, the Jews of Denmark could not as yet see the ravine at BabiYar being infilled with their fellow Jews. Nor could the belief system which has sustained the Jews of existence identify with the truth which was now fast approaching. I am sorry to add my disdain to any belief system here, as my belief in anything to do with a god has been severely questioned, and as I recall what Elie Wiesel said about a god and particularly a god for the Jews, was that that particular Jewish god was ritually hanged in Auschwitz. That very precise god, in the form of a Jewish Child, sustained a longer and more painful death than those alongisde him, because of he was a Child and his body weighed lighter than the rope was intended for.

“..One day ..we saw 3 gallows ..3 black ravens ..erected on ..Applepaltz. Roll call. ..SS surrounding us ..machine guns aimed at us ..usual ritual. 3 prisoners in chains ..among them ..little pipel ..sad eyed angel. ..SS seem more preoccupied ..more worried than usual. To hang a child in front of 1,000’s of onlookers was not a small matter. ..head of ..camp read ..verdict. All eyes were on ..child. He was pale ..almost calm ..but he was biting his lips as he stood in ..shadow of ..gallows. This time ..Lagerkapo refused to act as an executioner. 3 SS took his place. ..3 condemned prisoners together stepped onto ..chairs. In unison ..nooses were placed around their necks. Long live liberty. ..Shouted 2 men. ..boy was silent. ..Where is merciful God ..where is He ..someone behind me was asking. At ..signal ..3 chairs were tipped over. Total silence in ..camp. On ..horizon ..sun was setting. Caps off. Screamed ..Lageralteste. His voice quivered. As for ..rest of us ..we were weeping. Cover your heads. Then came ..march past ..victims. ..2 men were no longer alive. Their tongues were hanging out ..swollen ..bluish. ..third rope was still moving ..Child ..too light ..was still breathing. And so he remained for more than half an hour ..lingering between life and death ..writhing before our eyes. And we were forced to look at him at close range. He was still alive when I passed him. His tongue was still red ..his eyes not yet extinguished. Behind me ..I heard ..same man asking ..For God’s sake ..where is God. ..from within me ..I heard a voice answer ..Where is he. This is where ..hanging here from this gallows.” Elie Wiesel.

For what Elie Wiesel here remarks, the camp system and more especially the Death Camp’s purpose, all must have seen the dissolution of hope, matched with the same fate which awaited all too many Children, both Jewish and non-Jewish, whose god remained on the sidelines looking in with total abandon. As inmates and perpetrators witnessed these awful scenes, and as they glared and watched humanity destroying itself, the question of god here resolves itself fully for my own personal take on what make a god. While we are deliberately awaiting the conscience of the World, while we are continuously seeing the ethical morality of a World caught in the morass of inaction, many of the Jewish People took too much time with deliberating. For these questioning Jews, believeing that we non-Jewish onlookers, bystanders, perpetrators and participators were good and civilised, or that somehow their god would somehow save them, they were mass Murdered in the chaos of those failed belief.

“..one Woman ..overcome with ..emotion stirred ..by memories ..burst into tears. Wailing with grief ..she named all ..names of those who would not see ..sacred candles lit next year ..nor ..year after ..nor ever again ..for any holiday on Earth. One after another ..Women took up her cries ..and soon nearly everyone was sobbing in desolation.” Liana Millu.

So it is nigh on impossible for me, one who seeks to come to terms with what I have become witness to over these past 25 years, is a manifestly Jewish catastrophe perpetrated by an ostensibly christian peoples. The difficulty then for me, so as to accuse those who acted against the Jews, when I am not a Jew is always concerning for me. Nor indeed can I act as a Jew, for I am not a Jew and yet, I have acted most diligently in memory of those Jews I stand squarely alongside in condemnation of what was done to them. I do all that I can possibly do so as to ensure the words I borrow come from Jews like Liana Millu, from other Survivor’s and more especially from Jewish non-Survivor’s, in order to add further merit to a eulogy that is Jewish in concept, intonation and intent. I remain heartily angry however, that what happened to 6,000,000 Jews is not solely for Jews to remonstrate with the World but for us to damn those who acted against our own humanity in detailing the destrcution of People, for being Jews.

“..we would suddenly be overcome by fatigue and dread ..6 hours passed ..6 more to go. Our heads drooped to ..table ..our bodies pleaded for rest ..when ..bell signalled ..end of ..break ..we dragged ourselves to our feet and staggered back to work.” Liana Millu.

Even on behalf of those murdered Jews, for whom all Jews must continually stand for, and with that said, it must be clearly understood that condemantion must come from us all. For any those of us, so assured of the accusation to be put before an indifferent World at the time, 6,000,000 Jewish stilled voices command our responses on their behalf. As I write, I can usher forth words for those Jews who voices may well have been stilled, where their words have been crushed and their existence blighted by ‘fatigue and dread’ and we are left to wonder at the miracle that persuades such humanity to struggle forth, we must endure their staggering effort, in order for us to understand humanity’s greatest need to survive. Staggered, under the pressure of a hatred few can contemplate, I have immersed myself so deeply in their struggle, and for those who will not sit out another day, my understanding of human nature is further blunted.

“..granted ..right to exist by ..god of our fathers at ..glimmer of ..dawn of human civilization ..4,000 years ago. For that right ..sanctified in Jewish blood from generation to generation ..we have paid a price unexampled in ..annals of ..nations.” Menachem Begin.

I realise full well that the odius and obvious atrocity inflicted upon these Jewish lives, by those people unworthy of the term human, we know all too well that they are indeed human beings, but of an extraordinary inhuman nature. Liana Millu informs me of this fact, as does Seweryna Szmaglewska, Elie Wiesel, Haim Ginott and the multitude of Jewish Writer’s, and many other’s, who place my effort in the midst of the most terrible detail of The Holocaust in order to gain the necessary words to relay back to our time. Those many, who clearly inform me, also ensure I am continuously vexed at what is allowed to become less than commemorative. It must be said though, and by the many who use the vehicle of this catastrophe, particularly in Poland today, to excuse either their actions or their inaction, this is not history. For us to now measure out that great loss for even 3,000,000 Polish Jews, truth must reign over the bias of any preferred position.

“..I am a survivor of a concentration camp.
My eyes saw what no person should witness:
gas chambers built by learned engineers.
Children poisoned by educated physicians.
Infants killed by trained nurses.
Women and babies shot by high school and college graduates.

So, I am suspicious of education.

My request is this:
Help your children become human.
Your efforts must never produce learned monsters, skilled psychopaths or educated Eichmanns.
Reading, writing, and arithmetic are important only if they serve to make our children more humane.” Dr. Haim Ginott.

Any distraction, which seeks to move us away from the truth, or in any way distorts from the very fact that in total, some 6,000,000 Murdered Jews of Europe can be sidelined in any way, is an immoral wrong. To seemingly seek to deprive these, those Jews of European Jewry, their very existence in the first place, and from what is given them their title, The Holocaust, is a further stain on what already condemns and damns us. Education cannot afford to ignore the consequences of what The Holocaust entails, especially as the selective method adopted to ensure all Jews secumbed to Hitler’s planned destruction for them is well evidenced. I look on as an educator and see far too much that is being given over to the placation of such bias, that the very Jewish presence in The Holocaust is being undermined. For me, and this is a personal standpoint from outside the Jewish trauma, as I am looking in at the Jewish tragedy.

“..pure myth ..Jews ..merely passive. ..Jews fought back ..to a degree no other community anywhere ..would have been capable of. ..they fought against hunger ..starvation ..disease ..a deadly Nazi economic blockade. They fought against murderers and ..traitors within their own ranks ..and ..were utterly alone in their fight. ..forsaken by God and ..man ..surrounded by hatred or indifference. ..there was much heroism ..little beauty ..much toil ..suffering ..no glamour. We fought back on every front ..biological ..economic ..propaganda ..cultural ..with every weapon ..possessed. In ..end ..ruse ..deception ..cunning beyond anything ..world had ever ..seen ..accomplished what hunger ..disease ..terror ..treachery ..could not. What defeated us ..Jewry’s unconquerable optimism ..eternal faith in ..goodness of man ..even a German ..a Nazi ..could never have ..renounced ..own humanity as to murder women ..’children’ coldly ..systematically. ..when we finally took up arms ..we inscribed in ..book of history epic of ..Ghetto Uprising.” Michal Berg.

It is indeed true that the very corrosive nature of the few, which seeks to inflict itself upon the many, distorts the view on history in order to distort its truth for hatred, false ideals or any given form of hateful bigotry. That essential, in the very implicit detail of The Holocaust is so true, politically as well as fundamentally, as that which is given over to any society educated as a whole which must ensure it preserves the integrity of what History must teach us. It is certain that evidence here sets the precedence, and The Holocaust is the most evident example of the role of the educated in the assault upon the very integrity of all humanity, while it was raged against the Jews of Europe. Recently, and for obvious reasons I did not wish to announce I was travelling to Poland again, and I certainly had no wish to broadcast my stay was to be in Cracow.

Cracow. ..ghetto ..very crowded. ..beyond ..Vistula River ..Podgorze ..belonged to ..poor quarters ..ramshackle houses ..wooden houses ..ruined houses about to collapse. Three or four families ..into tiny flats ..a room ..a kitchen. .. spread very rapidly ..particularly amongst ..children. ..difficult to maintain sanitary conditions.” Rivka Kuper.
Largely, I am urged by many questions to seek my own answers to the place of the Jew today in the Poland holding out from the memory of Jewish Poland of yesterday. I had assumed I had already achieved all of what I had set out to do, and up to this point, I believe I have. But thre is much more I need to know and understand and in order for the hurt and the pain of so many, their questions ringing loudly, I had made little headway with what impressions I had gained from visiting The Polin Museum in Warsaw nor from The Marek Edelman Centre in Lodz. With regards to whether pressure could be applied from the Polish government which could compromise the efficacy of the historical narrative to emerge from such glorious centres, I am deeply concerned. The staff I met were indeed committed, and connected to the very detail which called for such places as Museums as centres of educating.

“..Not all victims were Jewish in this place ..but all Jews were victims.” Elie Wiesel.

The obvious essential, in affording us the information on the immense struggle undertaken by both Jews, and non-Jews alike, during Hitler’s reign in Poland, must only contain the truth and not any interpretation of it. Of course, my visits to all the Death Camps in Poland have thrown up many concerns to do with the unbiased nature of the interred Jews being Remembered for being Jews. That persist to this day, whether we recognise the Jewish loss in its totality, or specific to a given Death Camp, Killing Site or the place of such Remembrance or indeed, even if we choose to recall them at all. For that matter, the seeming pressure to placate a newer agenda which identifies the Polish Jewish losses with that of non-Jewish Poles is an alarming emergence. For reasons pertaining to the Jewish presence, I have written x4 Books on the subject of The Holocaust and they remain as incomplete today for want of the fullest truth.

“..records ..incomplete as they are ..reveal ..deeds of men ..women who said nay heroically. ..Were they profound believers in truth and justice. ..idealists ..basically ..religious ..humanitarians. They were all of these and more. Our surviving civilisation owes these people ..grateful recognition they so richly deserve.” Dr. Philip Friedman.

As yet, much is till to emerge of how a World was assailed by such an assault and the Jewish People were allowed to suffer its consequences. I have done little, but I have honoured a promise I made to a Jewish Survivor’s memory with my visit’s to all of these x6 Death Camps built in Poland. It is clear, Poland does not seek to have these Death Camps recognised as established in Poland. While they were admittedly established by Hitler, they were concentrated in Poland and this is clearly a statement of geographical fact. Also, as I take issue with the World, which stood idly by and allowed such a form of indifference to the Jewish Struggle, I direct a similar accusation at Poland and its role. For this atrocity to become the visited and intolerable nature of the hatred evidenced as The Final Solution of the Jewish Question, too many in the World stood aside.

“..Up to January 18th. 1945 ..a total of about 5,000,000 were burned in ..crematories of Oswiecim and Birkenau. ..more than 3,000,000 were Jews poisoned by gas or ..victims of epidemics.” Seweryna Szmaglewska.

Poland too bears a heavy responsibility with regard to its 3,000,000 Polish Jews and the central focus of the mechanised slaughter of 4,500,000 of Europe’s Jews as a whole. In view of what Elie Wiesel has stated, and even if it was with regard to the particular space Auschwitz and Birkenau holds for the Jews, and for All of European Jewry we acknowledge the scale of the atrocity is an unparalleled assault upon humanity, its integrity and what was meant to be its civilising emphasis. Here, with Seweryna’s clear assessment now overidden by time, one can only imagine the assuming nature of the entire Catastrophe as it was being detailed originally. For an obvious failure to exactly portray the total human dimnension and human cost we still seek to comprehend, the value of human life becomes lost in the incessant search for a statistical meaning.

“..Murder of 6,000,000 Jews must never be reduced to a statistic.” Simon Wiesenthal.

Take Belzec for example, where there has been an assessment made which certainly contradicts the lower estimate of 500,000 Murdered Jews. That very conservative estimate is clearly fixed against an even greater tragedy which is attached to what amounts to 884,700 Jews who were Murdered here in this rather tiny spec of land in the back woods of Poland. If we then engage in what emerged from the atrocity conducted within Birkenau, which is also recognised as Auschwitz II, we jump from the proposal of 1,100,000 Jews Murdered to a theoretically possible Slaughter of 2,500,000 Jews having been Murdered. Of course, given Hoess’s managerial mind set, what was possible here during Hoesse’s own tenure operating the largest Death Factory amongst these Death Camps, is both a shocking realisation and a capability of extraordinary ruthless thoroughness.

“..2,000,000 to 2,500,000 were killed in Auschwitz. ..might have been 5,000,000.” SS Hauptsturmfuhrer Dr. Friedrich Entress.

At Chelmno, where between 152,000 Jews and 220,000 Jews were suggested as having been Murdered, we edge toward an understanding which figures that 400,000 Jews could have been Murdered there. Tragically, we must come to an inconsiderate conclusion that does not know the full extent of the tragedy played out in all of these Death Camps. No matter what exercises we bring to bear, in our ttempt to establish the most realistic prospect of knowing the awful truth which faced European Jewry. In acknowledgeing the true consequences of Hitler’s hatred here though, the Death Camps will never deliver their truer secrets and we can barter with that failing until have resolved nothing. Of course, all of this falls into line with what early assessments made use of, and that was the Witness Testimony emerging during the immediacy of the ordeal to have Survived. Certainly, much that was gleaned from those like Liana Millu, Seweryna Szmaglewska or Elie Wiesel must have gained their access to such detail from personal knowledge.

“..Jewish Question ..Ukraine ..more difficult ..in ..cities ..Jews ..major part ..population. ..more than 50%. ..elimination ..profound ..consequences ..military economy. ..systematic shooting ..Jews ..by ..Order Police. ..in public ..assistance ..Ukrainian militia ..members ..Wehrmacht. ..Aktionen ..men ..women ..children ..all ages ..manner ..carried out ..appalling. ..executions involved. ..150,000 to 200,000 Jews ..executed in ..Ukraine.” Professor Peter Heinz Seraphim.

While it more certainly true that we have wildly inaccurate assessments of the true toll of Jewish Destruction we must deliver some assessment which approaches a loss so consequential to all understanding of what happened, and just as importantly, what was allowed to happen. Assessments, details, statisitics which, by their very nature, will never give an account that is in agreement with the facts because we are short on those who know exactly what happened to them and their community’s. It is hardly credible then, when the likes of Hoettl, Korherr and Seraphim are all clear in their accuracy of the totals of Jews alive at the time Hitler sought a catchment of their number. This grouping, gathering and ghettoisation of Jews, in order to slay them, how is it that we can doubt the actual detail of what then assailed, mutilated and murdered these Jews of Europe.

“..I ..never knew ..total number ..I have nothing to help me make an estimate. ..I ..remember ..figure in ..larger actions ..repeated to me by Eichmann or his deputies. ..I ..no longer remember ..figures for ..smaller actions ..insignificant in comparison with ..numbers given. I regard ..total of 2,500,000 ..far too high. ..Auschwitz had limits to its destructive possibilities ..Upper Silesia ..Polish territory under German rule 250,000 Germany ..Theresienstadt 100,000 Holland 95,000 Belgium 20,000 France 110,000 Greece 65,000 Hungary 400,000 Slovakia 90,000 .” SS Obersturmbannfuhrer Rudolf Hoess.

True, the map of Jewish existence had been drawn up prior to Hitler’s actual resolve to destroy each and every Jews he could, we then become circumspect in accepting what those perpetrator’s knew. Perpetrator’s like Boger, Eichmann, Entress, Hoess and Wisliceny must surely have known, suspected or had proven to them as they worked so closely annexed to the very slaughter they were detailed to exact. When we move onto another Death Camp, a place like Majdanek, there is a great deal of controversy surrounding this Death Camp within the vicinity of Lublin. Its ability to deliver what Hitler had demanded was on the periphery of Odilo Globocnik’s Aktion Reinhard Death Camps. We must assess that from 120,000 Jews to 200,000 Jews were Murdered there, even when we know we could assess a far greater toll on Jewish existence was raged here.

“..Eichmann immediately commented that Himmler believed ..figure of 6,000,000 Jews killed could not be correct ..that ..overall figure must be higher.” SS Sturmbannfuhrer Dr. Wilhelm Hoettl.

At Sobibor, a Death Camp on the outskirts of Wlodawa, where some 225,000 Jews to 300,000 Jews were Murdered, this particular place of annihilation came closest, for my own assessment, to being a Death Camp where its secrecy could be so much better managed than any of the other’s. Then there is the extraordinary feature of Death Camp Treblinka, which is in its location along the Warsaw to Bialystock train line. As such, its capacity was to be fed from the largest concentration of Polish Jewry in all of Poland, and the largest Jewish Ghetto population in all of The Holocaust, Warsaw. Here, as many as 700,000 Jews to 1,200,000 Jews were Murdered in as complete a manner as was sought. Here, evidenced in what is becoming an archeaological dig, still attempting to find what is no longer, what emerges is still an incomplete assessment of what we know we have lost.

“..Between 1937 and ..beginning of 1943 ..Jewish population of Europe should have decreased by an estimated 4,000,000 ..partly due to excess mortality of ..Jews in Middle and Western Europe and partly due to ..evacuations ..mainly in ..Eastern territories.” Dr. Richard Korherr.

However, and what is profoundly true in what the Survivor puts to the test, in the Memory they have managed to bring forth, is that that test relates to all that they have lost, all that they have Survived and all that we must now ensure we learn from. It is important too to know who it is we class as a survivor, and I will continually raise the issue of what fully consitutes The Survivor to ensure memory nor History forgets this truth. It must remain a fact, that no Jewish Survivor is required to recognise all those other’s who stood alongisde them as they too awaited extermination as other’s outside The Holocaust term. The choice of the Jewish People for the selection process is what places the Jews in the throes of an atrocity built to annihilate them. Wholly, and without exception, the Jewish People were selected for Slaughter above and beyond all those other’s who feature in the death toll brought about during World War II.

“..A Polish Woman knows that she may die here ..but also that she may escape death. ..Jewish Women ..on ..other hand ..know that they must die.” Seweryna Szmaglewska.

I make no excuses for securing for memory these 6,000,000 Murdered Jews, and it is the unpalatable fact that they were uniquely chosen for destruction and annihilated in an unprecedented assault upon their very existence. Those then, those chosen for their Jewish antecedence are therefore the bearer of the term Survivor, for what they managed to survive. I have many other Book’s to write yet, but am stayed by the pressure commercialism places upon this sought after need of mine. I am fearful that I will not achieve my final objective, 6,000,000 works to present for the Memory of 6,000,000 Slaughtered Jewish lives whose memory is now being lost to us. So here we have what must be considered the evidence of a survivor of Auschwitz and Birkenau, Seweryna Szmaglewska whose fundamental evidence must differ most candidly from that of both Elie Wiesel here, and Liana Millu later, as they both present their testimony as Jews.

“..No bird ever flies low over Birkenau ..prisoners strain their eyes to search ..skies for them. ..Guided by smell or instinct ..birds avoid ..place. Birkenau does not exist officially ..its name never appears in an address. It is Oswiecim II. ..it was not ..intended to hold people for any length of time. It is a ..precrematorium waiting room ..for 20,000 to 30,000 people.” Seweryna Szmaglewska.

True, while Seweryna is a survivor of the Death Camp system, she admits to the exclusive and radical position for the Jews within that established machinery of destruction. As is noted, Seweryna Szmaglewska was not a Jew and was not certain her fate would match that of a Jewish one, always waiting to die. In that exclusive meaning, and for what appears as somewhat of an urban myth surrounding this particualr detail of whether birds do actually fly over Birkenau, or any of the 6 Death Cmps for that matter, perhaps the memory of the near 4,500,000 murdered Jews permeates the soil that much, its evidence places a barrier around their sites of annihilation. As for my own experience, this seeming truth has aligned itself to my very own impression, for as I stood in each and everyone of the 6 Death Camps, which are still there in Poland, it is strangely true that I never saw a Bird fly over any of the places I have so often described.

“..I know. ..never in ..history of mankind ..never anywhere in ..realm of human relations did anything occur to compare with what was inflicted on ..Jewish population of Poland.” Jan Karski.

But I am much more troubled by much more that is concerning with the misrepresented words in pages and the utterances from those are are now seeking to revise the truth. From within the very terms of The Holocaust, and eminent is the very nature of The Holocaust Survivor’s narration, what must be clearly recognised is that any Jew who managed to escape the attention of Hitler and his legion’s, as they sought to deliberately annihilate them, is for me a Holocaust Survivor and as such bears an example of the truth we must recognise. Here though, while Seweryna Szmaglewska deposits her own understanding of the nature of the Jewish presence, and from within the grounds of an annihilation process targetting them more exclusively, her testimony adds to the knowledge we seek. Seweryna clearly recognises the unequal task of any formative existence let alone survival for the Jew in the Death Camp system.

“..I was in ..camp Birkenau ..part of ..Oswiecim Camp. ..a woman in ..last month of pregnancy. ..had to walk 10 kilometres to ..place of work ..toiled ..whole day ..digging trenches. ..already ill and ..asked ..German ..for permission to rest. ..refused ..laughed at her and ..together with another SS man ..started beating her. ..situation of all ..women who ..were pregnant ..only during ..very last minutes were they permitted to stay away from work. ..newly born children ..if Jewish ..were immediately put to death.” Seweryna Szmaglewska.

For the Jews to ever emerge, and as she states, articulates and enunciates it, they ‘know that they must die’ along with any and all ‘newly born Children if Jewish’ within the sphere of Hitler’s influence. Here then, in its historical analysis of the factual truth of what The Holocaust must mean, a non-Jewish Pole lays before the World the truth of what Elie Wiesel knows and states as such with the unequalled treatment meted out exclusively to the Jewish People. So what then persuades me to go back to Poland, and revisit what is a certainty for me, and that much of Poland does Not respect the Memory of their own 3,000,000 Slaughtered Polish Jews. Much of that deeply concerned certainty is in response to many more questions than I ever have the answers to with regard to Polish Jewish and non-Jewish Polish relations. Many seekers, Survivors also, had asked me if there is a financial cost to visiting Auschwitz.

“..same old routine ..one foot in front ..other. Everything is forever ..same in ..lager ..pitilessly ..hopelessly ..same ..each hour brings ..same acts ..same commands ..same everything ..until soon even your thoughts take ..same predictable track ..making ..same fixed stops ..war ..home ..getting back ..a chronic sameness that becomes a torture.” Liana Millu.

The sentiment suppressed by such a question, and as to whether the commercialism of Auschwitz is reflective of what is overtaking the necessity of All memory, is being judged in financial terms, though not completely. For what Auschwitz, and certainly Birkenau, must never countenance anything which allows its personal consideration to rise above the very detail of the Slaughter of People, for being Jews. 6,000,000 of them European Jews and of that number, 3,000,000 of those were Polish Jews. Personally, I was willing to pay to arrive there at the gates to what amounted to a Jewish hell and follow my own particular course. I knew what I wanted to see. I knew where I wanted to be. I expected an emotional trauma that went way above what I had come to expect from reading or researching and even from listening to those whose experiences brought me here, I expected a shock wave of emotion.

“..proof ..which we have no right to consider as unfeasible out of prejudice ..has been supplied ..it still remains for us by digging deeper into ..analysis to ask why ..out of all ..imaginable psychological attitudes ..these particular ones ..imposed themselves. ..as soon as we admit that a mental or emotional reaction is not self-explanatory ..we are forced ..to make a real effort to discover ..reasons for it. ..in history ..as elsewhere ..causes cannot be assumed. They are looked for.” Marc Bloch.

Once I knew what it was I wished to see I looked for the places that would bring me closer to the answers I sought and I was prepared to pay the asking price to get me to where I needed to be. Once there, I did not need the services of those they called expert in what I had fought to already know with regards to each and everyone of the 6 Death Camps. I know too, from what I was due to witness or experience, that this would enable me to add another level of personal confrontation, with everything I sought to have confirmed to come closer to a comprhension which I still maintained I would never reach. Then, when a Survivor who stood beside me at the Hair display in Auschwitz and uttered what I can never forget:

“..My Mother’s Hair could be in there.”

I was confounded. I followed this Lady in astonishment and wondered how physically draining it must have been to simply utter those words. I had spent some 25 year’s placing on paper what I found so incomprehensible, so how could I ever contemplate any understanding with these very real, deeply emotional and poignant words. But hey! This Lady is a stronger Person than I and I needed to compose myself to add to what I could Never imagine she was going through. Nor could I suggest to her, or anyone else for that matter, what the unimagineable horror that was faced by these 1,100,000 Murdered Jews of Birkenau, nor what its terror could have been remotely like. As my own journey around the many sites I would visit, it continued to strike at me how significant certain moments become. Then, as I watched the billowing smoke over Birkenau, they were burning the fallen leaves in a far off corner, I knew why I had read, re-Read and visited both these two Books, but now it was for very divergent reasons.

Liana Millu – Smoke Over Birkenau,

“..I always felt like asking why God would help us in particular and allow last year’s unfortunate souls to freeze to death.” Liana Millu. and

Seweryna Szmaglewska – Smoke over Birkenau

“..My story tells of only one fragment of ..gigantic machine of death that was Oswiecim. I will give only ..data of what I observed or what I myself endured directly.” Seweryna Szmaglewska.

I was actually listing, and from the comparisons to be made sought refuge in the words that had been so immediately been presented to me as I stood in Auschwitz. But, and this is not the sole reason for comparison of differing tomes on a similar site occupied to one who knew she could survive and one who knew she might not. I now wished to compare my visit to Auschwitz, and in particular Birkenau, with a demand to further see if there was a changing difference in attitude to the ordeal for 3,000,000 Polish Jews. More than a third of these Polish Jews were consigned to a Slaughter here, and within Birkenau itself, as Jews, Polish Jews. Time itself has not been kind to the form of Jewish Memory that exists over Poland, and the smoke which has arisen from all 6 Death Camps, which were clearly established there, has been so blatantly dishonoured recently by a slanted and biased view of the totality of Jewish death’s within Poland.

“..These are ..experiences of one person alone ..a drop in ..vast immeasurable ocean. Without doubt there will be others who return alive from Oswiecim ..who will talk. There will be others who will come back from many other camps. ..majority will never return ..will never talk.” Seweryna Szmaglewska.

It is indeed reprehensible that some 6,000,000 people of Poland suffered death at the hands of the Nazi’s, but it is to the struggle for Survival of 3,300,000 of Polish Jewry that the intention to Slaughter them was contrived, conveyed and enacted. In this I make for a comparison in the very detail which clearly differentiated between the Slaughter of 3,000,000 of Polish Jewry. As a systematic, managed, industrialised and mechanised capacity for their Annihilation was proposed, all of which separates them out and thus confines them permanetly into the confines of The Holocaust, I remark on those other’s whose lives were taken, but as keenly separated from the Jewish Murdered as Hitler wished them to be. I do not lessen the blow to those many other’s who were taken from their homes within Poland, nor the rest of Europe, as their’s too was a mortal blow.

“..more than 4,000,000 were Murdered here.” SS Unterscharfuhrer Wilhem Boger.

But, the mass extermination programme, literally The Final Solution of The Jewish Question, whether that was to be wholly conducted within Poland or not, was for all intents and purposes, die Endlosung der Judenfrage, as it was conceived uniquely, for all of European Jewry. As an incremental step, the Murders of Jews in Germany and Austria preceded this concept of the Slaughter of all of European Jewry. As the accumulation of atrocity grew in fervour, all of which would in turn proceed against all of World Jewry, at some stage, Hitler’s sights grew away from mere containment, isolation or even deportation, but toward his final resolve. Tragically, and for 6,000,000 Jewish People, these Jews of Europe, both Men and Women with Their Children, the lament has gone up and we have no other consolation from the very fact that Hitler had sought to Murder 11,293,300 of these European Jews thn those Jews who did survive his intention.

“..Monday May 17th. 1943 ..Warsaw Ghetto is free of Jews.” SS Obergruppenfuhrer Jurgen Stroop.

So what is lamentable today, and especially with regard to the disappearance of 3,000,000 Polish Jews from Polish soil, we should not be ignoring the fact that much of what these Polish Jews have left behind has been seconded to non-Jewish ownership within Poland. What is the burgeoning disrespect owed to Polish Jewry emanating from within Poland, cannot be allowed to profit from the wrongs of the past. Can we forget so easily that what Stroop was stating, much of Poland was awake to as more than 374,000 Polish Jews had been removed from Warsaw, and inextricably toward Treblinka and their destruction there. Remember also, that from Warsaw, and all too many of these Polish Jews had been embarked through the Umschalgplatz, the site itself gives no respect to what tranbspired here. So I take from these two examples of books, and from visits I now mention here, words which add meaning to what is a uniquely Jewish tragedy, The Holocaust.

“..When in ..early days of 1933 ..first civil servant wrote ..first definition of non-Aryan ..fate of European Jewry was sealed.” Raul Hilberg.

I took two photographs, the first as I was due to visit the Polin Museum in Warsaw and the second is from this weekends visit to Cracow, September 27th. till September 29th. 2019. I was mindful too that during these dates some 78 years previously, 33,771 Jews of Kiev were brought to Babi Yar and were Murdered there and I was now in a place were the assault upon the Jews too was gaining ground in terms of its magnitude of destruction. So for me, what is striking, considering the enormous impact the Umschlagplatz has had on Polish Jewry, and the Ghetto Square of Cracow had on Cracow Jewry, is the rather feeble attempt to Remember these Polish Jewish losses. I cannot mitigate the imagining we could easily conjure up, certainly while in Cracow there is a significant absense of any Memorial suficient to detail the loss of in excess of 47,000 of Cracow’s Jews.

“..Eichmann went on to explain ..concept to me. ..planned biological destruction of ..Jewish race in ..Eastern Territories was disguised by ..concept and wording final solution. In later discussions on this subject ..same words final solution re-appeared over and over again.” SS Hauptsturmfuhrer Dieter Wisliceny.

Elsewhere, the Umschlagplatz is a barren and wasted effort at attributing to Polish Jewry any reminder here in any convincing terms as to what took place. It has always been an essential for me, that one cannot be an historian and thus ignore History, which is what appears to be happening with some, as we present the very detail of The Holocaust as it struck at the heart of European Jewry here in Poland. Whether it is the full range of the assault upon the Jews, from its initial inception toward its near completion, or whether we accept its uniqueness, neither is open to debate. Nor do we allow for the promotion of The Holocaust’s dilution, the measure of its term which represents 6,000,000 Slaughtered Jews. History is seemingly provoking an alienation with such distortions, where the factual truth becomes radically altered, forever changed by an ever irregular revision which displays no merit to truth, nor are the veracity of the facts that have emerged given what those like Eichmann sought to deliver.

“..If of 10,300,000 we had killed 10,300,000 I would be satisfied and say ..Good. We have exterminated an enemy.” SS Obersturmbannfuhrer Adolf Eichmann.



September 3rd. in The Holocaust

Uncategorised Posted on Sun, September 08, 2019 11:31:08

The requirement by the Historian to adopt an almost scientific approach to their work can, at times, seemingly prohibit the emotional necessity requiring our humanity raises its voice. In the struggle for determing how such a catastrophe as The Holocaust can have been invoked, evolved and consume 6,000,000 Jews, history has far too much which has gone unanswered. The following dates invoke a deeply held concern that while the World was being given rise to what Adolf Hitler proposed for the Jews of Europe, the World looked on with a sceptic ear and a disenfranchised mind. The terms of the assault upon the Jewish People all but subdued any human response to the crisis that had been growing since 1932, and before, with Hitler’s rancid brand of hatred.

When, on September 3rd. 1938, as Neville Chamberlain believes he has secured a peace deal with Hitler, and certainly over the continued existence of Czechoslovakia, and as Hitler recognises the Vatican’s silence as a free hand in dealing with the Jews, the Jews of Germany, Austria and now Czechoslovakia have a far more worrying concern. The sense that the World has turned its back upon them need look no further back that to Evian and last year’s resounding abandonment of the crisis for all of Jewry.

“..Jew bankers ..responsible for ..war.” Henry Ford.

The following year, on September 3rd. 1939, and at 9:00 am, Britains Ambassador to Germany Sir Nevile Henderson delivered the British proposal for the removal of all German Forces from Poland. This demand would be followed by, and would clearly facilitate a declaration which would effectively instate upon the World a collision course with Hitler, Germany and its allies. As a war footing would then be commenced from 11:00 am, a shudder would echo around the World, but not for what would be pressing more sustained against the World of Jewry. This very declaration of War was handed to Joachim von Ribbentrop, the German Foreign Minister who hardly seemed impressed by the threat he was being handed.

The British Commonwealth including India, Australia and New Zealand followed this threat with their own declarations. At 11:15 am, the British Prime Minister Sir Neville Chamberlain broadcast over the radio outlying the situation and because Germany had failed to withdraw its troops from Poland by 11:00 am,

“..a state of war now existed between ..United Kingdom and Germany.” Neville Chamberlain.

That same afternoon Hitler gave order’s to his Generals that they must avoid all Military intervention with both Britain and France and concentrate all attention upon Poland. In the meantime Hitler invited Russia to simultaneously invade Poland in a deal which would see the Country partitioned. France, as a joint signatory of the Peace accord with Poland followed Britain’s lead and issued its own directive, and at 5:00 pm late that afternoon it too declared war upon Germany. The British government now began the process of cancelling all the visas pertaining to those enemy nationals who were allied to Hitler and Germany. What this achieved, in effect was to close the door to all of Germany’s Jews, the Jews of Austria and Czechoslovakia who were all attempting to escape Hitler’s clutches. This now, in terms of a Worldwide event is perhaps, the most important anniversary date in that germ of Hitler’s eventual resolve for The Final Solution of The Jewish Question and it becoming The Holocaust. I do Not wish to leave you merely, with a Chronology of events to sustain the emerging debacle for all of humanity at this juncture. But today’s date, September 3rd. in 1939, which should have seen the end of the widespread and brutal persecution of the Jewish People in Europe was instead, the commencement for the escalating terms of an atrocity which bore a heavier burden than Humanity has ever witnessed, and that is The Holocaust. I do not doubt Hitler had as his Weltanschauung, his Worldview, the capture of lands, the diminishing of other states and the World’s capitualtion towards him. But almost immediately, as the War itself progressed, units of Hitler’s formative Einsatzkommando set about a murderous campaign against the Jews of Poland, its intelligentsia and bed rock of its nationhood. That he would serve notice too upon other’s within Poland, his assault upon the integrity of Judaism and Jewish antecedence would not cease nor would Hitler relinquish his hold upon the Jews until 6,000,000 of them were annihilated. History today, which has now turned its back on the deeds of those who Hitler had enabled to exact the most vengeful War ever envisaged, has rocked the foundations of every moral and ethical factet of our own humanity. Hitler unleashed this first phase of his two pronged campaigning with a ‘blitzkrieg’ of Poland that would effectively secrete behind it a destructive task given over to a force hell bent on destroying the Jewish presence within Poland. What is perhaps uncertain, in relation to all those Generals now engaged in this most aggressive and mechanised assault upon the sovereignty of Poland is, how complicit were all or any of these in the emergence of the very widespread detail of The Final Solution. However, with our knowledge of The Holocaust, as it was devised, designed and exacted, and we recognise that it was not conducted in a vacuum, and as such could never be unknown to any of those fighting personnel, let alone their commanding Generals, within a radius of the vicinity of its execution, gun fire attracts attention.

Here, some of these General’s who followed Hitler, and along with Brauchitch as Head of the Wehrmacht are all well known to History along with their allegiances to his anti-Jewish proclivity. Bock Army Group North, Runstedt Army Group South, Kuchler 3rd. Army, Kluge 4th. Army, Blaskowitz 8th. Army, Reichenau 10th. Army and List 14th. Army. There too was Strauss II Korps, Haase III Korps, Schwedler IV Korps, Schobert VII Korps, Busch VIII Korps, Ulex X Korps, Weichs XIII Korps, Wietersheim XIV Motorised Korps, Hoth XV Panzer Korps, Hoepner XVI Panzer Korps, Kienitz XVII Korps, Beyer XVIII Mountain Korps, Guderian XIX Panzer Korps, Falkenhorst XXI Korps, Kleist XXII Panzer Korps, Wodrig XXVI Korps and other Korps and their commanders.

Also, and amongst the many General’s who took up Divisional command’s and entered the fray in Poland, far too many to list here, and to accuse, but some of these are Andreas, Arnim, Bader, Baltzer, Bergmann, Bieler, Blumm, Bock, Boettcher, Bohme, Both, Brand, Braum, Briesen, Brockdorf, Cochenhausen, Cranz, de Courbiere, der Chevallerie, der Leyen, Dietl, Dietrich, Farmbacher, Feldt, Feuerstein, Fischer, Gablenz, Haenicke, Halder, Hansen, Hase, Henrici, Hofl, Hubicki, Keiner, Kaempfe, Kaupisch, Kempf, Koch-Erpach, Kortzfleisch, Kriebel, Kubler, Kuntzen, Leeb, Lemelsen, Lichel, Loch, Loeper, Manstein, Materna, Model, Neuling, Obstfelder, Orbricht, Ott, Ottenbacher, Otto, Paulus, Petzel, Pflugbell, Rabenau, Reinhardt, Rommel, Salmuth, Schaal, Schmidt, Schoener, Schubert, Schwentes, Schweppenburg, Sorsche, Stumme, Stumpf, Suttner, Tiedmann, Veiel, Vietinghoff, Weichs, Weidling, Weyer, Wiktorin and Zeitzler.

As a caveat to the intention of War, to defeat their enemies, the Jewish People were never an enemy, merely an excuse in establishing a driving force by which hatred could gain ground. Here, in two writings by Guderian and Manstein, Guderian is clearly not a leader in a good fight nor should Manstein bemoan those lost vistories as Hitler accomplished all he had set before the World, the annihilation of the Jewish People in Europe. Also, and on this bloodiest of Bloody Sunday’s, and with 180 of Czestochowa’s Jews lined up to be murdered, and a further 120 of Czestochowa’s Jews Murdered throughout the Night and into the following day, the atrocity is baring down heavily on all Jewish presence inside Poland. Here in Czestochowa, amongst the Murdered Jews there are:

Daniel Berkovitz,

Gdalia Szalom

Chojnowski,

Hersz Danziger,

Khaim ‘Dziaba’ Dzhave,

Abraham Eliezer Fajnsztat,

Ichak Freiman,

Aharon Frenkenberg,

Yakel Gelbart,

Yeakel Gelbart,

Bajla Frymeta Krauz,

Szmuel Krauz,

Jakob Shmuel Krzemien,

Maer Majerczak,

Jakob Pinkesowicz (Pinkusevitz),

Lipman Rikman,

Makhla Sandler,

Esther Lea Shmulevitz,

Shimon Shmulovitz,

Genakh Shulman,

Blima Szlamkowicz,

Bluma Szlomkowicz,

Yosef Valin (Yelin),

Heniek Khanina Zborowski,

Yekhezkel Zholty and

Abram Zalman Zylberklajd.

Also Murdered this day are these 17 of Wieruszow’s Jews, amongst whom are:

Hinda Braun,

Dobra Icyk,

Mayer Icyk and

Mira Rubinovitz

Also murdered to add even further to the bleak days atrocity are the 6 of Zdunska Wola’s Jews and these are:

Luzer Albek,

Shimshon Finkelstein,

Shprinza Fridman,

Moses Tobias ‘Tuvia’ Grabie,

Jona Jakubowicz and

Rakhel Medalion.

and of the 4 Lelow (Leluv) Jews Murdered this day we know amongst them is:

Mendel Hirsh Landau.

All of these Jews were murdered to claim ever more Jewish lives to Hitler’s ultimate cause, the total eradication of the Jewish People from the face of the Earth. While World War II has truly commenced, and with those who declared themselves Polish allies are the nation’s of Britain and France, the Commonwealth of Australia, New Zealand and India who are all now declaring their intention to wage war on Germany. I would suggest there must have been such a huge sigh of relief from The Jewish People who would have felt the groundswell of World opinion would now come to their aid. 3,300,000 Polish Jews, now held captive, and hostages to Hitler’s intention, would never feel that vindication of hope. Instantly, Britain establishes a Naval blockade which threatens to isolate Germany from its overseas produce.

“..We will fight ..White Paper as if there is no war ..and fight ..war as if there is no White Paper.” David Ben-Gurion.

David Ben-Gurion, as the representative of the Jewish Government of Palestine, the Jewish Agency Executive, is here facing down the threat to Jewish hopes of any escape to Palestine. Ben-Gurion assures the world that 1,500,000 of World Jewry will fight Hitler, 555,000 Jews in the American Armed Forces, 500,000 Jews from within Russia and 243,000 other European Jews and then some 116,000 Jews from Britain and the Commonwealth. That fight would not catch up to Hitler’s intent to destroy every single Jew he would find. Once Hitler was set upon his quest, to deprive the Jews of their lands, their property’s, their goods, their belongings, their valauables, their wealth and their very existence, nothing would sway him from his task. The destruction of Germany, the decimation of the German fighting force were both seconded to that final resolve and for the World, the time was ripe now to serve Hitler with any decree which would ensure some Jews might Survive.

On September 3rd. 1941 as Vilna the Ghetto is established we recognise that over 55,000 Jews are enclosed within its tightening grasp and as Vilna is one of the 9 Major Ghetto’s established, a Vilna Ghetto Judenrate is ordered. Shaul Trotzki, Anatole Fried, then Jakob Gens Chairmen serve the needs of Vilna Jewry as best they can, little realising the intention for their complete destruction has been set in motion.

The use of Zyklon ‘B’ as a killing agent is first used in Auschwitz against 250 Jewish Infirm and 600 Russian POW’s and marks the industrialised capacity to kill the Jewish People. Zyklon ‘B’ alone proves the method of murder for 1,000,000’s of Jews in two of the Death Camps and some even Concentration Camps. This figures heavily for 600 Elderly Dubossary Jews who are then burned to death in 8 Synagogues after the refusal of 6 Dubossary Jews to join the Jewish Council. They are publicly hanged for their willingness to disobey a German directive.

On September 3rd. 1942 some 2,000 of Bolechow’s Jews ar murdered at the Death Camp Belzec along with 2,000 of Bochnia’s Jews also removed to Belzec for the purpose of annihilation. At Lachva in Byelorussia, more than 800 Jews are led by Dov Lopatyn to resist the Nazis’s and are all killed. Meanwhile, the World Jewish Congress in Geneva is given information that deportations of French Jews will now commence. Josef Kaplan, a leader of the Jewish Fighting Organization, is detained in Warsaw, joining another leader, Yisrael Zeltzer, in detention. When another ZOB leader, Shmuel Braslav, is stopped in the street by German troops, he is shot dead after trying to pull a knife on his attackers. Another ZOB leader, Reginka Justman, is shot after being stopped while carrying the ZOB’s arms cache to a new hiding place and their small cache of arms are seized. The effort’s of the Death Camp at Treblinka are brought to bear as it recommences its killing operations.

“..British have landed in Naples. Northern Italy is occupied by ..Germans. ..truce was signed on Friday ..September 3rd. ..day ..British landed in Italy. ..Germans are ranting and raving in all ..newspapers at ..treachery of Badoglio and ..Italian king.” Anne Frank.

On September 3rd. 1943 while the Bochnia Ghetto is being Liquidated, 3,000 of Bochnia’s Jews are transported to Auschwitz as are Belgian Jews also deported to Auschwitz for destruction. Elsewhere, the Allies have landed in Calabria as the Italians sign an Armistice to quit its allegiance to Hitler. On September 3rd. 1944, with over 1,000 Dutch Jews transported from the Westerbork Camp to Auschwitz, we recognise that amongst these were Anne, Margot, Edith and Otto Frank and Auguste, Hermann van Pels and Peter van Pels and Fritz Pfeffer, the other members from the secret annexe who had been captured from the hiding place! On September 3rd. 1965 the Treblinka Trial concludes after 10 months of deliberation.

“..teachings ..about ..world ..people ..ethics ..faith ..I had to learn ..by myself in ..hell of concentration camps ..without my Mother who was put to death in ..Gas Chambers in Majdanek ..my Father ..put to death and burnt in ..crematorium in Treblinka ..my Brother ..my Sister in law ..so young ..but cared for me like my Mother ..tormented and burnt in Auschwitz.” Halina Birenbaum.



The Testimony of Otto Ohlendorf.

Testimony, Uncategorised Posted on Sun, August 11, 2019 22:11:53

History cannot simply ignore those persons who once strode the World stage commanding life and death sentences over many 1,000,000’s of Jews. I am not yet speaking of Hitler here but of the many who fell under the very caustic shadow of Hitler and then Himmler. More specifically, I aim to point to Otto Ohlendorf, who is neither unique in his position as an arbiter over life or death, nor is he uniquely qualified to be presented to honest and decent History. Though he is an augmented facet of History’s worst example of inhumanity in human nature, he stood outside the bounds of what I would consider civilises us all. That such a man, with accredited educational qualifications, should act in such a manner, and with total disregard to what learning should encompass, is an accusation in itself of a man unfit for qualification.

“..EINSATZGRUPPEN ‘D’. SS Gruppenfuhrer Professor Otto Ohlendorf led his Gruppen into the reaches of the Southern Ukraine, into the Caucasus and into the Crimea, where the Jews of antiquity were met with such a brutish and infernal assault, Jewish presence has barely recovered to this day.” Patrick Dempsey.

© Copyright. Patrick Dempsey – Testimony and Fading Memory in The Holocaust. ISBN:-1-904115-00-4.

This attempt to confront the past with characters the like of Ohlendorf, should not at all speak for the ability of mankind to step outside the norms of humanity and human concern. For such is the acts of such personages who betray us in accordance with a bestiality and inhumanity we barely recognise, accuses them above many other cowardly killers and criminal murderers. For the assault toward those not best able to defend themselves against the mounting onslaught, we barely have the words to convey the total incomprehension and anger toward them. All too often though, we do come across these moribund characters, who are so charged with the intention for destruction , they act with total disregard for what humanity demands of us all.

“..I was part-time chief of Amt III from 1939 to 1945. ..concept Einsatzgruppe was established after an agreement between ..Chiefs of RSHA ..OKW ..OKH ..on ..separate use of Sipo units in ..operational areas. ..concept of ..Einsatzgruppe ..first appeared during ..Polish campaign. ..agreement with ..OKH and OKW however ..was arrived at only before ..beginning of ..Russian campaign. This agreement specified that a representative of ..Chief of ..Sipo and ..SD would be assigned to ..Army Groups ..or Army’s ..and that this official would have at his disposal mobile units of ..Sipo and ..SD in ..form of an Einsatzgruppe ..subdivided into Einsatzkommandos. ..Einsatzkommandos would ..on orders from ..Army Group or Army ..be assigned to ..individual army units as needed.” Otto Ohlendorf.

“..For his part in the relationship between the Army, the Einsatz and the slaughter, Ohlendorf did not commission the normal excuses, nor did he hide behind the usual euphemism’s to describe the conduct of his own men in the ‘Aktionen’ against innocent Men, Women and Children.” Patrick Dempsey.

© Copyright. Patrick Dempsey – Testimony and Fading Memory in The Holocaust. ISBN:-1-904115-00-4. For these mass murderer’s to then apply every means possible to not only justify that destructive end, but to succeed in its implementation, is a crime of untold proportions. Such is the delivery, in terms of The Holocaust, that it is not just symbolic of their ability to not only divest themselves of their humanity but that they themselves have infested and infected all of History because of their presence. These are never representative of us though they are taken from amongst us to act out in the overall atrocity, a barbarity unequalled in all of History. For me personally, one of the terms infecting this period and, more certainly, that of The Holocaust is the word Slaughtered.

“..Einsatzgruppen and Einsatzkommandos, as I have just described them, were used on the basis of a written agreement between the OKW, OKH, and RHSA. I was repeatedly present during the negotiations which Albrecht and Schellenberg conducted with the OKH and OKW; and I also had a written copy of this agreement which was the outcome of these negotiations, in my own hands when I took over the Einsatzgruppe. Schellenberg was, at the end, chief of Amt VI in the RHSA; at the time when he was conducting as the representative of Heydrich, he belonged to the Amt VI. The negotiations lasted several weeks. The agreement must have been reached one or two weeks before the beginning of the campaign.” Otto Ohlendorf.

“..Einsatzgruppe ..used on ..written agreement ..OKW ..OKH ..RHSA. ..negotiations ..Albrecht ..Schellenberg conducted. ..I ..had a written copy of this agreement.” Otto Ohlendorf.

© Copyright. Patrick Dempsey – der Einsatzgruppe and the Destruction of European Jewry. ISBN:-1-904115-01-2.

The nature of the term itself so mortally offends me, and even whilst I use it all too often, it is an essential language in the unremitting horror to have faced more than 6,000,000 Jews of Europe. However, in the very context of how the word itself is used, and it is as if a People should be brought to a place of execution and treated so inhumanely, that they are indeed ritually Slaughtered, is the point to its usage. But this single word Slaughtered is, in the exacting nature of the accusation I wish to bear down upon, and is issued against the whole of humanity for this treatment of these Jews of Europe, is that it has been entered into the Historical arena in Catastrophic fashion.

“..First of all ..agreement stated that Einsatzgruppen and Einsatzkommandos would be set up and used in ..operational areas. This created a precedent ..because until that time ..Army had ..on its own responsibility ..discharged ..tasks which would now fall solely to ..Sipo. ..second was ..regulations as to competence. I said this was ..relationship between ..Army and ..Einsatzgruppen and ..Einsatzkommandos. ..agreement specified that ..Army Groups or Armies would be responsible for ..movement and ..supply of Einsatzgruppen ..but that instructions for their activities would come from ..Chief of Sipo und ..SD. Every Army Group was to have an Einsatzgruppe attached to it. ..Army Group in its turn would then attach ..Einsatzkommandos to ..Armies of ..Army Group. ..operational area of ..Einsatzgruppe was already determined by ..fact that it was attached to a specific Army Group and therefore moved with it ..whereas ..operational areas of ..Einsatzkommandos were fixed by ..Army Group or Army. Even though ..Chiefs of Sipo und SD had ..right to issue instructions to them on their work ..there existed a general agreement that ..Army was also entitled to issue orders to ..Einsatzgruppen if ..operational situation made it necessary. I can’t remember whether anything specific was contained in ..agreement about that. At any rate a liaison man between the Army command and ..SD was appointed.” SS Gruppenfuhrer Professor Dr. Otto Ohlendorf.

That these Jewish People were so tyrannically treated, and without regard, is symptomatic of the carefree disregard of all morals held by these killer’s. That these Jewish People should be, and were, so callously abused and mistreated, and that they were then loaded on to cattle cars and removed toward industrialised Slaughter houses, speaks volumes for the descent of humanity here. For the whole of European Jewry, their destruction is a factual assessment of that truth that there were these Slaughter Factory’s. These 6 Death Camps though, are merely a more mechanised tool of a wider ranging hatred which sought to consume all the Jews of Europe, some 11,293,300 of them.

“..From June 1941 to ..death of Heydrich in June 1942 ..I led Einsatzgruppe D ..and was ..representative of ..chief of ..Sipo and ..SD with ..11th Army.” Otto Ohlendorf.

© Copyright. Patrick Dempsey – der Einsatzgruppe and the Destruction of European Jewry. ISBN:-1-904115-01-2.

Others too were delivered toward destruction in much this same way and though there were Gypsies, Homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Political Opponents and Hitler’s own Ideological Enemies, they never constituted The Final Solution. None of these groups or factions were to be so treated, from the very outset, nor in the same systematic sense and legislated case that was fully put forward by Hitler, as it was written and carefully orchestrated in terms exclusively for the Jewish People. Through the usage of the word Slaughtered itself, which systematically seeks out those very Jews I write about, and which so incriminates the World which has been delivered to the usage of its term, a shocking statement is being made.

“..From June 1941 to ..death of Heydrich in June 1942 ..I led Einsatzgruppe D ..and was ..representative of ..Chief of ..Sipo und ..SD with ..11th Army. Heydrich was wounded at ..end of May 1942 ..and died on June 4th. 1942. There were four Einsatzgruppen ..Groups A ..B ..C ..D. Chief of Einsatzgruppe A was Stahlecker ..Chief of Einsatzgruppe B was Nebe ..Chief of Einsatzgruppe C ..Dr. Rasch ..and later ..Dr. Thomas ..Chief of Einsatzgruppe D I myself ..and later Bierkamp. Group D was not attached to any Army Group but was attached directly to ..11th Army and operated in ..Southern Ukraine. ..Northernmost city was Cernauti ..then Southward through Mohilev-Podolsk ..Yampol ..then Eastward Zuvalje ..Czervind ..Melitopol ..Mariopol ..Taganrog ..Rostov ..and ..Crimea. Group D was held in reserve for ..Caucasus ..for an Army Group which was to operate in ..Caucasus. We left Duegen on June 21st. and reached Pietra Namsk in Romania in three days. There ..first Einsatzkommandos were already being demanded by ..Army ..and they immediately set off for ..destinations named by ..11th. Army. ..entire Einsatzgruppe was put into operation at ..beginning of July and instructions were that in ..Russian operational areas of ..Einsatzgruppen ..Jews ..as well as ..Soviet political commissars ..were to be liquidated ..killed. Pretz conference at which ..Einsatzgruppen and ..Einsatzkommandos were informed of their tasks and were given ..necessary orders. Chiefs of ..Einsatzgruppen and ..commanders of ..Einsatzkommandos and Streckenbach of ..RHSA who transmitted ..orders of Heydrich and Himmler and general orders of ..normal work of ..Sipo und ..SD ..and in addition ..liquidation order about three or four days before ..mission. Himmler told me that before ..beginning of ..Russian campaign Hitler had spoken of this mission to a conference of ..Army Groups and Army Chiefs ..no ..not ..Army Chiefs but ..commanding generals and had instructed ..commanding generals to provide ..necessary support. ..Army Groups and Army’s had no orders for liquidation ..order for ..liquidation was given to Himmler to carry out ..but since this liquidation took place in ..operational area of ..Army Group or ..Armies ..they had to be ordered to provide support. Moreover ..without such instructions to ..Army ..activities of ..Einsatzgruppen would not have been possible. In late summer of 1941 Himmler was in Nikolaiev. He assembled ..leaders and men of ..Einsatzkommandos ..repeated to them ..liquidation order ..and pointed out that ..leaders and men who were taking part in ..liquidation bore no personal responsibility for ..execution of this order. ..responsibility was his ..alone ..and ..Fuhrer’s. This order and ..execution of these orders were known to ..commanding general of the 11th. Army through conferences with ..Army and through instructions that were given by ..Army on ..execution of ..order ..since some of ..leaders were also active in ..Einsatzgruppen and Einsatzkommandos in ..course of time. Furthermore ..leaders who were dealing with ..organization and legal aspects of ..Einsatzgruppen also knew of it. Leaders of ..Einsatzgruppen and Einsatzkommandos came from all over ..Reich. After his assumption of office Kaltenbrunner had to deal with these questions and consequently must have known details of ..Einsatzgruppen which were offices of his.” SS Gruppenfuhrer Dr. Professor Otto Ohlendorf.

With the wholesale destruction of 6,000,000 Jewish People, which history can no longer fully gain a Memory of, a gaping wound remains open and is an infection of what we thought had civilised us and what we were assured has humanised us. Of course, as these Jews are observed being evicted from their former homes, and from a World which remains indifferent to their death effacing struggle, they are then forced toward their removal and eventual annihilation at a pace unrecognisable throughout what civilisation might register. In many of those specific death places known as the Killing Sites, which were established throughout Eastern Europe and The Baltic States, the term of Slaughter gained a crescendo of a newer meaning. “..without ..army ..activities ..Einsatzgruppe ..not ..possible. ..orders ..known to ..commanding general ..army. Ritter von Schobert ..later ..von Manstein. ..In Simferopol ..army ..requested ..Einsatzkommandos ..hasten liquidation’s.” Otto Ohlendorf.

© Copyright. Patrick Dempsey – der Einsatzgruppe and the Destruction of European Jewry. ISBN:-1-904115-01-2.

“..Ritter von Schobert ..later Field Marshal von Manstein commanded 11th. Army. An order from ..11th Army was sent to Nikolaiev that liquidations were to take place only at a distance of not less than 200 kilometres from ..headquarters of ..commanding general. In Simferopol ..Army command requested ..Einsatzkommandos in its area to hasten liquidations ..because famine was threatening and there was a great housing shortage.” SS Gruppenfuhrer Dr. Professor Otto Ohlendorf.

Here too though, and within the Death Factories in Poland more certainly, where it has been duly noted that these are the abattoir’s of human history, other men the like of Ohlendorf took point in the purposeful delivery for Adolf Hitler of a final resolve which emerged from The Jewish Question. The Final Solution has delivered to memory, The Holocaust term with all its ramifications for the wrong lessons history has learned from. Today it seems, and it is getting more and more precariously so, even the Jewish extinction is to be fully denied. Even when History, through the memory’s gained from the gifted words of those who fully knew their own terrifying passage through toward extinction was not fully realised, their’s is the detailed evidence of what lays us prostrate before all of history.

“..children were people who would grow up and ..being ..children of parents who had been killed ..would constitute a danger no smaller than that of their parents.” Otto Ohlendorf.

© Copyright. Patrick Dempsey – der Einsatzgruppe and the Destruction of European Jewry. ISBN:-1-904115-01-2.

Hatred cannot be allowed to become the mainstay of the lies that are furnished to deny this truth and belie what is fact. What is yet to be told must hold the integrity of what is known, what is learned and what has been taught us, in truthful confrontation with this awful past. Of course! We already have the truthful and factual veracity of the very testimony of those, so permanently affected by their experience and it is levelled upon the excruciating evidence of these facts, and still denial wreaks its putrid disregard. However, all evidences clearly point to and adds toward the accusation of a World that sustains such unrivalled hatred, even while it managed to abandon these Jewish People.

“..In ..year between June 1941 to June 1942 ..Einsatzkommandos reported 90,000 Men ..Women ..Children liquidated. Figures based upon reports sent by ..Einsatzkommandos to ..Einsatzgruppen.” Otto Ohlendorf.

“..I knew ..of ..greatest importance to Ohlendorf to have ..persons ..to be shot killed in ..humane and military manner ..otherwise ..moral strain ..too great for ..execution squad.” SS Hauptsturmfuhrer Heinz Schubert.

© Copyright. Patrick Dempsey – Testimony and Fading Memory in The Holocaust. ISBN:-1-904115-00-4.

As the World forges newer links to the same pattern of ritual hatreds, the terrible reality of Survival for the Jewish Survivor is the ignorance of the hatred they managed to survive. But these 6,000,000 Jewish People, who are the very same Jews I have always wished to present to a World which cannot be allowed to ever forget them, cannot be used to allow for Survivor’s to face their denial. Back then though, as the Jews of Europe are to be and are discarded, we realise that they are of no consequence to a world which proved indifferent to their struggle. This World now continues to allow freedom for the disparaging and degrading abuse of the 6,000,000 Slaughtered Jews whose very omission from our presence is an historical fact.

“..I was present at 2 mass executions for purposes of inspection where a local Einsatzkommando attempted to collect all ..Jews in its area by registering them. This registration was performed by ..Jews themselves ..on ..pretext that they were to be resettled. After ..registration ..Jews were collected at one place ..and from there they were later transported to ..place of execution ..which was ..as a rule ..an antitank ditch or a natural excavation.” Otto Ohlendorf.

“..inspected ..executions ..by EK 11b under ..SS Obersturmbannfuhrer Dr. Werner Braune ..executions by SK 11a under SS Standartenfuhrer Paul Zapp in Nikolaiev ..a smaller execution by SK 10b under ..SS Standartenfuhrer Alois Persterer in Ananev. ..not possible to inspect all mass executions. ..Schubert inspected ..execution ..EK 11b under Braune’s direction ..December 1941 ..Simferopol. ..I ..assigned ..Schubert ..Willi Seibert ..Hans Gabel.” Otto Ohlendorf.

© Copyright. Patrick Dempsey – der Einsatzgruppe and the Destruction of European Jewry. ISBN:-1-904115-01-2.

For the eventual demise of a group of People, torn from us along Ethnical, Spiritual, Religious and certainly Jewish lines, requires our continued and intended vigour in defending them. In not only acknowledging that in their destruction, there is an accusation of the World, because we chose not to defend them in maintaining their lives, we choose to Remember them. The sorry state then, of the refusal of a portion of History to acknowledge the clear wrong presented, by the abhorrent illegitimacy that is denial, focuses far too much attention on that which we now have to battle over. What with the growing few who would seek to further deny these 6,000,000 Jewish People any stake in our past History altogether, this all requires a newer attention and focus.

“..executions were carried out in a military manner ..by firing squads under command. They were transported to ..place of execution in trucks ..always only as many as could be executed immediately. In this way it was attempted to keep ..span of time from ..moment in which ..victims knew what was about to happen to them until ..time of their actual execution ..either standing or kneeling ..was as short as possible. ..bodies were buried in ..antitank ditch or excavation.” SS Gruppenfuhrer Dr. Professor Otto Ohlendorf.

“..it was known to me ..through ..emotional excitement of ..executions ill treatment could not be avoided ..victims discovered too soon ..they were to be executed and could not ..endure prolonged nervous strain. ..intolerable to me that individual leaders and men should in consequence be forced to kill a large number of people on their own decision.” Otto Ohlendorf.

© Copyright. Patrick Dempsey – der Einsatzgruppe and the Destruction of European Jewry. ISBN:-1-904115-01-2

With such a renewed hatred, this is where we find the likes of those Hitler type entity’s emerging to confront us again and again with the greatest hatred that is antisemitism. Where any hatreds go unchecked, and the serious reminders of The Holocaust go unheeded, that is where we cross paths with the likes of Blobel, Jaeger, Jost, Klingelhoefer, Lange, Nebe, Rasch, Six, Stahlecker and of course Ohlendorf. One does not need to know too much about any of these, not in fact Otto Ohlendorf except that they, and he were useful tools in Hitler’s hatred for the Jewish People. And the many weak willed miscreants just like them, whether educated or not, are a scourge to the idea of what supposedly civilises and supposedly adds culture to out humanity.

“..unit leaders or ..firing squad commanders had orders to see to this and ..if need be ..finish them off themselves. Either ..unit leader himself or somebody designated by him. All valuables were confiscated at ..time of ..registration or ..rounding up and handed over to ..Finance Ministry ..either through ..RSHA or directly. At first ..clothing was given to ..population ..but in ..winter of 1941-42 it was collected and disposed of by ..NSV. Valuables were registered. They were obliged to take off their outer garments immediately before ..execution. ..other garments remained on ..bodies was ..order in my Einsatzgruppe. I don’t know how it was done in other Einsatzgruppen. Some of ..unit leaders did not carry out liquidations in ..military manner ..but killed ..victims singly by shooting them in ..back of ..neck. I was against that procedure ..because ..both for ..victims and for those who carried out ..executions ..it was ..psychologically ..an immense burden to bear. All valuables were sent to Berlin ..to ..RSHA or to ..Reich Ministry of Finance. ..articles which could not be used in ..operational area ..were disposed of there. ..it was actually handled in that way from Simferopol. At ..request of ..Army ..watches were made available to ..forces at ..front.” SS Gruppenfuhrer Dr. Professor Otto Ohlendorf.

“..Einsatzgruppe and ..Einsatzkommandos ..informed of their tasks ..given ..necessary orders. ..Streckenbach of ..RHSA ..transmitted ..orders of Heydrich and Himmler. ..the liquidation order. ..Himmler told me that before ..Russian campaign Hitler had spoken of this mission to ..army groups and ..commanding generals ..to provide ..necessary support. ..order for ..liquidation ..given to Himmler.” Otto Ohlendorf.

© Copyright. Patrick Dempsey – der Einsatzgruppe and the Destruction of European Jewry. ISBN:-1-904115-01-2.

We recognise of course that this herr Doctor Professor, who exemplifies in all of history that the growth of power and the chase for power, fully leads us away from the tenets of humanity’s essential needs, as civilisation would demand of it. As to where Ohlendorf’s own awareness of hatred can be sewn, even amongst the very well educated like him, has no need of me to research what proves of little consequence compared to the impact he made on Jewish existence. However, the veritable hatred that is enmeshed in the growth of Ohlendorf towards mass murderer speaks volumes for the doctoral thesis which remains as a representative of his group called der Einsatzgruppe.

“..Until ..Spring ..1942 ..then an order came from Himmler that in ..future Women and Children were to be killed only in Gas Vans. Kommandos filled ..graves to efface ..signs of execution ..and then labour units of ..population levelled them. These vans were in ..future to be used for killing of Women and Children. ..actual purpose of these vans could not be seen from ..outside. They looked like closed trucks ..and were so constructed that at ..start of ..motor ..gas was conducted into ..van causing death in 10 to 15 minutes. ..vans were loaded with ..victims and driven to ..place of burial ..which was usually ..same as that used for ..mass executions. ..time needed for transportation was sufficient to insure ..death of ..victims ..told that they were to be transported to another locality ..within 10 to 15 minutes ..victims were not conscious of what was happening to them. About 15 to 25 Persons as ..vans varied in size. ..Einsatzkommandos did not willingly use ..vans as burial of ..victims was a great ordeal for ..members of ..Einsatzkommandos. ..Gas Vans did not belong to ..motor pool of ..Einsatzgruppen but were assigned to ..Einsatzgruppe as a special unit ..headed by ..man who had constructed ..vans. ..vans were assigned to ..Einsatzgruppen by ..RSHA and Einsatzgruppe D and Einsatzgruppe C made use of these vans. On ..one hand ..aim was that ..individual leaders and men should be able to carry out ..executions in a military manner acting on orders and should not have to make a decision of their own ..it was ..to all intents and purposes ..an order which they were to carry out. On ..other hand ..it was known to me that through ..emotional excitement of ..executions ill treatment could not be avoided ..since ..victims discovered too soon that they were to be executed and could not therefore endure prolonged service strain. And it seemed intolerable to me that individual leaders and men should in consequence be forced to kill a large number of people on their own decision. ..identification of ..Jews was carried out by ..Jews themselves ..since ..registration was handled by a Jewish Council of Elders. I believe that half Jews were also considered as Jews.” SS Gruppenfuhrer Dr. Professor Otto Ohlendorf.

Human nature of course being what it is, human and filled with its own peculiar frailties, will invariably gravitate to both ends of the inhuman status of us. But, for any people’s want for power, there is the disproportionate neglect of the humanity perceived by humanity that should be a civilising influence. Nothing underscores this more than The Holocaust, and those who perpetrated it and those who orchestrated its many atrocity’s and those who ultimately ordained, ordered and demanded its inception through to its very completion. That there was search for an education which precluded the search for power which facilitated these crimes, and the search therein from within that educational effort, education alone cannot be held to account for not teaching more certainly the correct need for a moral and ethical probity.

“..officer personnel was furnished by ..State Police ..Kripo ..SD. ..Waffen SS ..Ordnungspolizie. ..State Police ..Kripo furnished most of ..experts ..troops were furnished by ..Waffen SS and ..Ordnungspolzei. ..Waffen SS and ..Ordnungspolzei were each supposed to supply ..Einsatzgruppe with one company.” Otto Ohlendorf.

© Copyright. Patrick Dempsey – der Einsatzgruppe and the Destruction of European Jewry. ISBN:-1-904115-01-2.

What has been measured from within The Holocaust, and in terms that are way beyond our own comprehension, has been the latent ability of any human being to conduct themselves without humanity. With total disregard for the Jewish Life placed in front of them, men, women and even children acted out a sick and convulsive atrocity, without humility, compassion or a need for any emotive concern whatsoever. That no one presents us with an understanding that might be even remotely commensurate with the actual implementation of an atrocity which sealed the fate of 6,000,000 Jews, is a veritable wasteland of denial, obfuscation and lies. This gain in education for these many mass killers, is certainly a considered factor in how we should concern ourselves.

“..officer personnel was furnished by ..State Police ..Kripo ..Criminal Police and ..to a lesser extent ..SD ..Waffen SS and ..Ordnungspolizie. ..State Police and ..Kripo furnished most of ..experts and ..troops were furnished by ..Waffen SS and ..Ordungspolzei. Waffen SS and ..Ordungspolzei ..each supposed to supply ..Einsatzgruppen with one company. Ordnungspolzei also furnished ..Einsatzgruppen with one company. I estimate that Einsatzgruppen D was one half or two thirds as large as ..other Einsatzgruppen. That changed in ..course of time since some of ..Einsatzgruppen were greatly enlarged. ..basic order was never revoked. But I cannot remember ..details ..at least not with regard to Russia ..which would enable me to make concrete statements on this subject. ..retreat began very shortly thereafter ..so that ..operational region of ..Einsatzgruppen became ever smaller. I do know ..however ..that other Einsatzgruppen with similar orders had been envisaged for other areas. I know that ..liquidation of Jews was prohibited about 6 months before ..end of ..war. I also saw a document terminating ..liquidation of Soviet commissary but I cannot recall a specific date. There were about 500 men in my Einsatzgruppe ..excluding those who were added to ..group as assistants from ..country itself. Whenever possible I sent a member of ..staff of ..Einsatzgruppen to witness ..executions but this was not always feasible since ..Einsatzgruppen had to operate over great distances. To determine whether or not my instructions regarding ..manner of ..execution were actually carried out ..to a certain whether ..conditions which I had set for ..execution were actually being carried out. 1 exclusion of ..public 2 military execution by a firing squad 3 arrival of transports and carrying out of the liquidation in a smooth manner to avoid unnecessary excitement 4 supervision of the property to prevent looting. There may have been other details that I no longer remember. At any rate ..all ill treatment ..whether physical or mental ..was to be prevented through these measures. If ..for instance ..manner in which ..executions were carried out caused excitement and disobedience among ..victims ..so that ..Kommandos were forced to restore ..by means of violence ..to resort to beating. A special order from Himmler to ..effect that Women and Children were not to be exposed to ..mental strain of ..executions ..and thus ..men of ..Kommandos ..mostly married men ..should not be compelled to aim at Women and Children. I learned of Becker’s reports for ..first time from ..letter to Rauff ..shown to me here. ..I know from ..doctor’s reports that ..victims were not conscious of their impending death. ” SS Gruppenfuhrer Dr. Professor Otto Ohlendorf.

Ironically, and while more so with the appearance of Women into this fractured humanity, we are inducted into their array of hatred’s also, as they are clearly set before us. But from those whose educational qualifications allowed their ability to abandon all reason, we have a requirement to question what is contained within the qualifications of any education. Do we then ask for a qualification of what Females descend toward in order to equal in ferocity what men manage to achieve as has been etched upon history since time immemorial. What fully exists for me though, and given that the presence of women and children are present in the midst of the horror conducting themselves with equal inhumanity, further deepens the legacy of civilisations loss.

“..summer ..1941 Himmler ..in Nikolaiev. ..assembled ..leaders ..men of ..Einsatzkommandos ..repeated to them ..liquidation order.” Otto Ohlendorf.

© Copyright. Patrick Dempsey – der Einsatzgruppe and the Destruction of European Jewry. ISBN:-1-904115-01-2.

Then, and between what my book states and what Ohlendorf in fact delivered to the Jewish People, the loss is more deeply felt wherever Jews once resided. As my book has previously presented Ohlendorf’s testimony, albeit in its abridged form, this is so to illustrate the very nature of the immoral orders which prevailed and were written at the time, that were simply obeyed above and beyond all moral conscience. For conciseness though, I had used a more broken down abridgement in my books so as not to bog the narrative flow of the works with the consequences of what would become Ohlendorf’s fuller testimony. The testimony therefore, of those like Ohlendorf, and certainly Hoess, has long been used by deniers in their deluded contention, that while there has been no evidence of a written order from Hitler, Hitler should remain absented from the midst of The Holocaust.

“..I remember that in Nikolaiev and in Simferopol a spectator from ..Army High Command was present for a short time. Officially ..Army did not assign any units for this purpose ..Army as such was actually opposed to ..liquidations. Individual units occasionally volunteered. activists and political commissars. Mere membership in ..Communist Party was not sufficient to persecute or kill a man. In ..opinion of ..leader of ..Einsatzkommandos ..unloading of ..corpses was an unnecessary mental strain. As far as I can remember ..conditions at that time ..picture presented by ..corpses and probably because certain functions of ..body had taken place leaving ..corpses lying in filth. Terrible impression created by ..position of corpses themselves ..and probably by ..state of ..vans which had probably been dirtied and so on. ..order was that ..Jewish population should be totally exterminated including ..Children. Reports ..executions ..regularly submitted to ..RSHA from ..Einsatzkommandos who carried out ..actions ..to ..Einsatzgruppe and ..Einsatzgruppe informed ..RHSA to ..Chief of Sipo personally. Order for ..liquidation came from ..Fuhrer of ..Reich ..and it was to be carried out by ..Reichsführer SS Himmler. Policy amounts to a practice so that in this respect it was laid down by ..Fuhrer. If you were to ask whether this activity was in conformity with ..idea of National Socialism ..I would say no. My duty was not ..task of liquidation ..but I did head ..staff which directed ..Einsatzkommandos in ..field ..and ..Einsatzkommandos themselves had already received this order in Berlin on ..instructions of Streckenbach ..Himmler ..and Heydrich. This order was renewed by Himmler at Nikolaiev. I led ..Einsatzgruppe ..and therefore I had ..task of seeing how ..Einsatzkommandos executed ..orders received. It is inconceivable that a subordinate leader should not carry out orders given by ..leaders of ..state. I cannot remember any one concrete case. I excluded some whom I did not consider emotionally suitable for executing these tasks and I sent some of them home. Since ..order was issued by ..superior authorities ..question of legality could not arise in ..minds of these individuals ..for they had sworn obedience to ..people who had issued ..orders ..result would have been a court martial with a corresponding sentence.” SS Gruppenfuhrer Dr. Professor Otto Ohlendorf.

This all consuming catastrophe for The Jews of Europe has been forever connected to Hitler himself and to the fuller tenets of The Final Solution of the Jewish Question. But, die Endlosung der Judenfrage has exemplified the courier route of direct orders from Hitler’s table to the Death Camps in Poland and the innumerable Killing Sites of Eastern Europe. And of course, History does not entirely rely upon the mode of testimony provided by such written statements as reluctantly entered into the evidences. The formal directions or even commands that they will deliver have a circumspect tone which does not wish to shed light on the barbarity on display. However, the forensic nature of the Historian’s craft allows for history to fully see, in the context of those order’s which are fully implemented, the actual delivery of orders as they were intended and from the very source they originated from.

“..Ohlendorf was hanged in Landsberg Jail, 8th. June 1951, for the duplicity, complicity, perpetration and participation in the murders of over 90,000 Jews, this estimate is conservatively low.” Patrick Dempsey.

© Copyright. Patrick Dempsey – der Einsatzgruppe and the Destruction of European Jewry. ISBN:-1-904115-01-2.

Hitler allowed no manoeuvre outside his own jurisdiction, which might impede his own resolve to deliver on those programmes he had always sought to extend beyond his own competence. Those competencies far outlived even Hitler and those like Ohlendorf who passed into oblivion leaving a discourse we simply seek to add to the very veracity of those crimes they are implemented in. The very nature of those acolytes, used wholly to mobilise those of Hitler’s intentions and put them into practice is well known to all of history. What had long been converted into this extremis of The Holocaust, witnessed as the intolerable hatred for the Jewish People as it unfolded, is measured so brutally in human terms beyond our comprehension. History must never rest in its quest to damn all those who serially escaped justice and have left a stain on our very humanity which goes deeper than mere degeneracy can suggest.



Eva Mozes Kor

Auschwitz Posted on Fri, July 05, 2019 11:27:14

Eva Mozes Kor (85 Years Young)

January 31st. 1934 until July 4th. 2019.

“..Getting even has never healed a single person.” Eva Mozes Kor.

Perhaps this was Eva’s own independence day, a day she could look upon and know her work was being well formed and delivered to those all too willing to learn her lessons. For a Survivor who had Survived so much and lent her voice, travelling back and forth to where cruelty and destruction continually confronted her, she is a remarkable Woman. For her to deliver to the World, what it can barely comprehend, even to this day, is a monumental undertaking we can barely conceive of.

“..I was given 5 injections. That evening I developed extremely high fever. I was trembling. My arms and my legs were swollen ..huge size. Mengele and Dr. Konig and 3 other doctors came in ..next morning. They looked at my fever chart ..and Dr. Mengele said ..laughingly. ..Too bad ..she is so young. She has only 2 weeks to live.” Eva Mozes Kor.

Such was Eva’s resilience and strength, she Survived and outlived all those who had condemned her. While this space here is my realm, and I will not sway from the adherence to why I maintain this space, I recognise the appropriateness of those who this space is reserved for. The Holocaust is a matter which should and must confront the World. With that said, there are those of you here who know all too well how profoundly the Catastrophe itself has touched you.

“..Until that moment I had stopped thinking about my family. Maybe it was due to ..bread we ate each evening that supposedly contained not only sawdust but a powder called bromide that made us forget memories of home ..a sedative of some kind. Whatever it was or was not ..I could not feel sorry for myself ..for Miriam ..for anyone. I could not think of myself as a victim ..or I knew I would perish. It was simple. For me ..there was no room for any thought except survival.” Eva Mozes Kor.

I have sought only to insist upon respect for all those who wish to contribute towad the narrative I deliver. With that, and in the hope that all of you are gifted the absolute and factual truth, for me, I still seek to obtain a comprehension of what 6,000,000 Murdered Jews succumbed to and for what all Survivor’s know in detail. For many of You. Eva Mozes Kor will mean so much and for many other’s, she will be a reference point on the edge of the abyss called The Holocaust.

“..Every night I had nightmares. I dreamed of rats ..size of cats ..dead bodies ..needles stuck into me. After we found out that ..Nazi’s had made soap out of Jewish fat ..I dreamed that soap bars spoke to me in ..voices of my Parents and Sisters ..asking me ..why are you washing with us.” Eva Mozes Kor.

Eva’s immense struggle to Survive, took this now 11 year old Child away from a harmful place to other’ places which continued to harm her because of it. Eva for me, is a Survivor and I am unbounded by an immense respect for all she stood for, her meaning, her valaues and her persistence in telling us her story. While I fundamentally did not agree with her stated forgiveness of all those who perpetrated, particpated or merely looked away from The Holocaust, I knew it was Eva’s strength.

“..Mrs. Goldenthal’s twin boys ..Alex and Erno ..were our age ..and I discovered that they had been selected at Auschwitz for Mengele’s experiments like us. Mrs. Goldenthan had stayed with them ..and I found out later that she had hidden a younger Child ..Margarita ..underneath her long skirt. She had come into ..camp with ..Child hidden in her dress and during her entire stay there ..even in ..Nazi barracks where she had kept Margarita under ..mattress during inspections ..she and ..other Women had helped conceal ..Child.” Eva Mozes Kor.

I sincerely felt though, that it was not her place to forgive for 6,000,000 Murdered Jews who had no way of affording us their own forgiveness for what emerged to consume them. But for Eva, as much as for her Sister Miriam, a light was switched oin when she was delivering to Teacher’s and Students who listened ardently to what us lesser beings would have been overwhelmned by. July 4t. 2019, that switch might well have now turned itself off, but the light of example will forwever shine brightly for who Eva Mozes Kor was, is and will be.

“..At Auschwitz dying was so easy. Surviving was a full time job.” Eva Mozes Kor.



Words which have Intention of Meaning, have Consequences.

Revisiting the Past Posted on Thu, July 04, 2019 20:44:49

I have back tracked as I simply have no wish to commence this piece with the words of a man whose whole existence was predicated upon the Jewish People. Not simply and firstly to accost them but continually to abuse and then finally to physically destroy them in the most cataclysmic assault upon the Human senses ever devised. So I will lend my own words to those of a man who is largely forgotten in the terms of The Holocaust and share with you what his meaning could have ensured.

“..Everywhere you went there was a rabble. People who suddenly felt they were someone ..who saw that this was their chance. People who looked on ..Anschluss ..first and foremost ..as an opportunity to get involved in ..witchhunt.” Moriz Scheyer.

There are 6,000,000 reasoning’s to suggest that if we had listened to the awakening reality that ‘Words Do Have Meaning’, and confronted their vociferousness, then perhaps the consequences might have been lessened somewhat for the entire 6,000,000 Jews of Europe totally abandoned by us. For any Jew of Europe, who then managed to Survive as a remarkable account of the saving graces of many who found their humanity affixed to a single Jew, we must remember righteousness prevailed, even in its slightest form.

“..We were already in a sort of No Man’s Land ..between life and death. ..on ..other side of ..Demarcation Line ..Germans awaited us. There would begin ..a realm of agony. Nor would we be given ..small comfort of being allowed to die together. They would tear us apart. Not a voice ..not a look ..would be allowed to reach us there. Nothing but ..mocking laughter of our executioners. That is why so many ..though still alive ..though still unscathed ..were already wearing their own death masks.” Moriz Scheyer.

For Moriz, who sought merely to live his life as a being of Human ancestry and Jewish antecedence, life was an interruption in a game which would result in life being overtaken by death. Of course, the return of the Austrian corporal to Austria signified the commencement along that long road toward where the death mask would be worn by 6,000,000 Jewish People. But perhaps also, that mask of a death warrant is currently affixed to those in History who now choose to ignore the noble words of the many facing extinction ahead of us.

“..What soon gave me cause for very serious consideration were ..activities of ..Jews in certain branches of life ..into ..mystery of which I penetrated little by little. Was there any shady undertaking ..any form of foulness ..especially in cultural life ..in which at least 1 Jew did not participate. On putting ..probing knife carefully to that kind of abscess one immediately discovered ..like a maggot in a putrescent body ..a little Jew who was often blinded by ..sudden light.” adolf hitler.

We have to recognise that words have consequences and sometimes the narrative I wish to present falls full square into my lap. I then have an urgent need to express what is my contempt for those in History who do not recognise the very debt we each owe to all of our History. I had just finished a study group, and like minded Historians had voiced their concern that I continually give too much credence to Hitler’s predictions, even as I relayed exactly what mein kampf had urged.

“..And so I believe today that my conduct is in accordance with ..will of ..Almighty Creator. In standing guard against ..Jew I am defending ..handiwork of ..Lord.” adolf hitler.

Sadly, and I make every effort to ensure I make use of the words of those Jews we have failed to stress my own regard for their loss. The truth in his words, while this Austrian’s is writing in that ill defined book is wholly in keeping with his personal hatreds. What is then encapsulated in the emergence of The Final Solution are the words formed into an active and brutal response. That clear resolve, as vehemently expressed, in all too many of the pages of this dirge, engaged in and delivered hatred to the masses.

“..yoke of slavery is and always will remain ..most unpleasant experience that mankind can endure. Do ..Schwabing decadents look upon Germanys lot today as aesthetic. Of course ..one doesn’t discuss such a question with ..Jews ..because they are ..modern inventors of this cultural perfume. Their very existence is an incarnate denial of ..beauty of Gods image in His creation.” adolf hitler.

The sheer depth of hatred, and all the while still appealing to those who had any form of faith in any god, made Hitler’s pronouncements all so much more palatable. Even whilst Hitler had no belief in any god above himself, his deceit was a compounding factor in their acceptance. For The Jewish Question, which had so enraged an emboldened German people, the nation itself focused its sole intention, directly. With such a complicit response, from a supposed civilised nation, the German people had not witnessed itself emerging into the darkness.

“..What we have to fight for is ..necessary security for ..existence and increase of our race and people ..subsistence of its children and the maintenance of our racial stock unmixed ..freedom and independence of ..Fatherland ..so that our people may be enabled to fulfil ..mission assigned to it by ..Creator.” adolf hitler.

For those then, who recognise in the words of those promoting the creator, and that The Final Solution of The Jewish Question was to be the wholesale Slaughter of 6,000,000 of the Jewish People., what we have is a truth before words could be acted upon. What Hitler had then fully engendered in those who took up the mantle of a hate filled prospective was, in itself, fully contained within the fuller tenets of The Holocaust as it eventually emerged.

“..From time immemorial ..Jews have known better than any others how falsehood and calumny can be exploited. Is not their very existence founded on one great lie ..that they are a religious community ..whereas in reality they are a race. And what a race. One of ..greatest thinkers that mankind has produced has branded ..Jews for all time with a statement which is profoundly and exactly true. ..Schopenhauer ..called ..Jew ..Great Master of Lies. Those who do not realize ..truth of that statement ..or do not wish to believe it ..will never be able to lend a hand in helping Truth to prevail.” adolf hitler.

As History still seeks to debate whether Hitler intended to deliver fully on his most specific words, as they delivered upon the Jewish People, and whether or not he has stolen his hatred from those like Arthur Schopenhauer, we have 6,000,000 very definite reasons to assert what was to be Hitler’s fuller intention. What History knows, Hitler’s verbal assaults did respond in savage actions to those very violent words he enunciated with passion.

“..In times of distress a wave of public anger has usually arisen against ..Jew ..masses have taken ..law into their own hands ..they have seized Jewish property and ruined ..Jew in their urge to protect themselves against what they consider to be a scourge of God. Having come to know ..Jew intimately through ..course of centuries ..in times of distress they looked upon his presence among them as a public danger comparable only to ..plague.” adolf hitler.

The Holocaust then, in its entirety, is as we now contemplate it and with German society’s duplicity in the direst ramifications of a descent into ignominy for all of humanity. Thus emboldened, Germany and many collaborator’s throughout Europe were prepared to act against their Jewish Community’s, in murderous fashion. The obvious words Hitler elaborately faked, were to provoke a response and were precisely deliberate. But the accusations now to be made are be articulated with concern for the veracity of that factual truth.

“..Jew will stop at nothing. His utterly low-down conduct is so appalling that one really cannot be surprised if in ..imagination of our people ..Jew is pictured as ..incarnation of Satan and ..symbol of evil. ..ignorance of ..broad masses as regards ..inner character of ..Jew ..and ..lack of instinct and insight that our upper classes display ..are some of ..reasons which explain how it is that so many people fall an easy prey to ..systematic campaign of falsehood which ..Jew carries on. While ..upper classes ..with their innate cowardliness ..turn away from anyone whom ..Jew thus attacks with lies and calumny ..common people are credulous of everything ..whether because of their ignorance or their simple mindedness. Government authorities wrap themselves up in a robe of silence ..but more frequently they persecute ..victims of Jewish attacks in order to stop ..campaign in ..Jewish Press.” adolf hitler.

All too often, missing from the discourse of the history of this period, for all the wrong reasons, is the truthful, reasoning as to why we were not awakened more immediately to the threat and more responsive as they were enacted. That we acted without courage in abandoning these Jews of Europe is to be answered and no such entity as a god will be connected to what is that truth. The temperature of division was raised and heightened so as to ensure a willing audience would endorse the segregating compliance.

“..Look at ..ravages from which our people are suffering daily as a result of being contaminated with Jewish blood. Bear in mind ..fact that this poisonous contamination can be eliminated from ..national body only after centuries ..perhaps never. Think further of how ..process of racial decomposition is debasing and in some cases even destroying ..fundamental Aryan qualities of our German people ..so that our cultural creativeness as a nation is gradually becoming impotent and we are running ..danger ..at least in our great cities ..of falling to ..level where Southern Italy is today.” adolf hitler.

However, as we draw our conclusions, whether from the missed opportunity’s that were clearly enunciated, articulated and then drawn up, we must truthfully recognise them. Thus is sewn the mentality of us and them, these Jews who remained innocent in all that was presented to them. The words of assault themselves, added to the plunder extracted and the deaths which are to be added, all deliver to the mass Murder of 6,000,000 Jewish People.

“..This pestilential adulteration of ..blood ..of which hundreds of thousands of our people take no account ..is being systematically practised by ..Jew today. Systematically these negroid parasites in our national body corrupt our innocent fair haired girls and thus destroy something which can no longer be replaced in this world. ..two Christian denominations look on with indifference at ..profanation and destruction of a noble and unique creature who was given to ..world as a gift of Gods grace.” adolf hitler.

Delivered as they are, and on such an unequalled, unparalleled level, the evisceration of European Jewry from amongst us, has yet to be adjudged properly. As we now become the participating witness to The Holocaust, which has altered humanity forever, we hold a legacy that we must take forward in order to now make sense of the Catastrophe. While Hitler’s foul and petrifying language was bought into, and by far too many within Germany at this time, our language was complicit and placating. All too many Germans too, who also saw themselves as better or superior than those they could victimise, thus fell into an abyss of degradation and dereliction without the compassion of human duty.

“..This June 6th. 1944 was not just a day of ..Great Event ..realisation of which we had waited for so long and so fervently. Most important of all was ..total sense of hope that shone through that day. In ..hearts of millions upon millions of human beings. We needed this sense of hope ..so as to be able to hold out a little longer ..so as not to go under at ..last moment.” Moriz Scheyer.

These then have to be the last words of this piece, words filled with a hopeful sadness, always recognising that they will leave a bitter taste in the mouth of Humanity. But they are words which emerge away from the malignancy which forced Moriz Scheyer to pen them, upon a D-Day which could not save the close on 6,000,000 Jews who had already gone under. Still, for those Germans who saw no disadvantage in discriminating against these they could stand over, aloof even, but superior in an ill defined racial theory that was neither of religion nor religious, the end of their illegitimate 1,000 year reich was coming to an end. For those who had willingly entered the Death Camps to ensure European Jewry would not Survive, justice would not detain them. For what emerged from the very tome of Hitler’s novel, 6,000,000 Jewish lives paid the ultimate price which no justice has ever sought to serve.

“..I feel ..hunger again ..it bites your insides. Concentration Camp for Jews. 1,800 of us at Beaune-la-Rolande. Where are ..my unhappy comrades. What gruesome death awaited them in ..Extermination Camps ..Poland. ..first miracle is that I am not among their number.” Moriz Scheyer.

Today there are all too many who witness the saddening discourse of this horrendous time and I felt it required my response and duly write consistently so that we are forged into an alliance to Remember. At a time when I was digesting perhaps too many comparisons, I now choose to bring forth Hitler’s total and unequalled contempt for all of Humanity, words that became written with Jewish blood. As Hitler evoked antisemitism way above the hatred he held for both religious order’s, his moral probity and ethical conscience descended in to the sewer as an effluent of sustained illegitimacy. For us here, the lesson’s to be learned must acknowledge first and foremost the debt we all owe to the memory of these 6,000,000 Murdered Jews, who are The Holocaust. For all too long, the defining and steady progress of Hitler’s words, which led directly to the Gassing Centres and Killing Sites of Hitler’s rampage through Jewish existence, have been gifting to further and future hatreds for far too long. I am here to take them back to where Hitler’s words belong, the dust bin of History.

“..In many countries. ..I fear ..Jewish victims will have been ‘only’ Jews and ..question of their fate will be a Jewish question …which here means a question without importance. A Jewish Question which one passes over with a shrug of ..shoulders. They are dead ..why waste any more time talking about it. ..other Jewish Question ..is a live one ..for those who have survived but should not have. Because they have ..impertinence ..not just to go on living ..but to want to go on living like everyone else. Yes ..to die like everyone else ..to die a natural death. Instead of doing what they should have ..which was to meet a painful end ..long ago ..in ..persecution camps ..gas chambers ..ovens ..these citadels of Germanic culture and civilisation ..to follow ..excellent example of those 6,000,000 Jews who can never again be accused of wanting anything ..of demanding some kind of position. Not even a grave.” Moriz Scheyer.



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